Effects of Hazardous Work Conditions on Burnout Among Nurses of a General Hospital in Macau

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/243320
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Effects of Hazardous Work Conditions on Burnout Among Nurses of a General Hospital in Macau
Author(s):
Hu, Sydney X.; Hsiao, Jui-Kuo; Lok, Grace K. I.; Luk, Andrew
Author Details:
Hu, Sydney X., PhD, sydney@kwnc.edu.mo; Hsiao, Jui-Kuo, MA; Lok, Grace K. I., MN; Luk, Andrew, PhD;
Abstract:
Purpose:

Meta analysis showed that burnout is affected by workplace risks and hazards across industries. The purpose of the study is to use Structural Equation Modeling to test the effects of workplace hazards on burnout of nurses in a general hospital in Macau. The findings provide practical and research implications for better management of work conditions and burnout among nurses.

Methods:

A questionnaire survey of all nurses was conducted in a major general hospital in Macau. Workplace hazards were assessed using a set of self developed questions and burnout was assessed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Exploratory factor analyses were used to identify factors in scales. Structural Equation Modeling was used to test the relationship between workplace hazards and burnout. 

Results:

Majority of the nurses (N=424) of the hospital participated in the survey. Exploratory factor analysis identified three factors in the workplace hazards scale, which are biological threats, psychosocial harassments and polluted physical environments. The analysis also identified three factors in the Maslach Burnout Inventory, which are depersonalization, emotional exhaustion and personal achievement. Structural Equation Modeling showed that workplace hazards significantly explained 73% of variance of burnout with a standardized regression weight of 0.85. All three factors of workplace hazards have significant effects on depersonalization and emotional exhaustion aspects of burnout. The results of measures of model fit are acceptable. 

Conclusion:

Workplace hazards have an adverse effect on burnout of nurses in the general hospital. Not only biological threats but also the polluted physical environments and psychosocial harassments have significant effects on the depersonalization and emotional exhaustions of nurses. These hazardous work conditions need to be controlled and studied in order to reduce burnout among nurses.

Keywords:
nurses; workplace hazards; burnout
Repository Posting Date:
12-Sep-2012
Date of Publication:
12-Sep-2012 ; 12-Sep-2012
Conference Date:
2012
Conference Name:
23rd International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Brisbane, Australia

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleEffects of Hazardous Work Conditions on Burnout Among Nurses of a General Hospital in Macauen
dc.contributor.authorHu, Sydney X.en
dc.contributor.authorHsiao, Jui-Kuoen
dc.contributor.authorLok, Grace K. I.en
dc.contributor.authorLuk, Andrewen
dc.author.detailsHu, Sydney X., PhD, sydney@kwnc.edu.mo; Hsiao, Jui-Kuo, MA; Lok, Grace K. I., MN; Luk, Andrew, PhD;en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/243320-
dc.description.abstract<b>Purpose: </b> <p>Meta analysis showed that burnout is affected by workplace risks and hazards across industries. The purpose of the study is to use Structural Equation Modeling to test the effects of workplace hazards on burnout of nurses in a general hospital in Macau. The findings provide practical and research implications for better management of work conditions and burnout among nurses. <p><b>Methods: </b> <p>A questionnaire survey of all nurses was conducted in a major general hospital in Macau. Workplace hazards were assessed using a set of self developed questions and burnout was assessed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Exploratory factor analyses were used to identify factors in scales. Structural Equation Modeling was used to test the relationship between workplace hazards and burnout.&nbsp; <p><b>Results: </b> <p>Majority of the nurses (N=424) of the hospital participated in the survey. Exploratory factor analysis identified three factors in the workplace hazards scale, which are biological threats, psychosocial harassments and polluted physical environments. The analysis also identified three factors in the Maslach Burnout Inventory, which are depersonalization, emotional exhaustion and personal achievement. Structural Equation Modeling showed that workplace hazards significantly explained 73% of variance of burnout with a standardized regression weight of 0.85. All three factors of workplace hazards have significant effects on depersonalization and emotional exhaustion aspects of burnout. The results of measures of model fit are acceptable.&nbsp; <p><b>Conclusion: </b> <p>Workplace hazards have an adverse effect on burnout of nurses in the general hospital. Not only biological threats but also the polluted physical environments and psychosocial harassments have significant effects on the depersonalization and emotional exhaustions of nurses. These hazardous work conditions need to be controlled and studied in order to reduce burnout among nurses.en
dc.subjectnursesen
dc.subjectworkplace hazardsen
dc.subjectburnouten
dc.date.available2012-09-12T09:20:35Z-
dc.date.issued2012-09-12-
dc.date.issued2012-09-12en
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-12T09:20:35Z-
dc.conference.date2012en
dc.conference.name23rd International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationBrisbane, Australiaen
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