Improving Toileting Ability Among Elders Living in Long-Term Care Facilities in Taiwan

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/243337
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Improving Toileting Ability Among Elders Living in Long-Term Care Facilities in Taiwan
Author(s):
Kuo, Shih-Ling; Chang, Su-Hsien; Yu, Ching-Len
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
N/A
Author Details:
Kuo, Shih-Ling, MSN, d1088091@mail.ntin.edu.tw; Chang, Su-Hsien, PhD, RN, MSN; Yu, Ching-Len, PhD;
Abstract:
The purpose was to test the effectiveness of a theory-based intervention program in improving toileting ability among elders living in long-term care facilities. This study used an experimental, two groups, and longitudinal research design. The theory-based intervention was designed based on Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory, and called the self-care and exercise self-efficacy enhancement program. Activities of the intervention included performance accomplishment, various experiences, and verbal persuasion, and were provided by staff caregivers of long-term care facilities. The data was collected in baseline (time 1), 2 months (time 2), 4 months (time 3), and 6 months (time 4) after the intervention. However, 274 subjects were recruited from 18 long-term care facilities in Taiwan. They was randomly assigned to the experimental group (n = 120) or comparison group (n = 154) based on the facility they lived. The majority of subjects were female (n = 142), widowers/widow (n = 131), and aged 78.10 (SD = 10.65). To compare two groups of subjects’ the demographic information and baseline toileting ability, results found that there were no statistical difference in sex, marriage status, educational level, economic, age, period of living in long-term care facilities, and baseline toileting ability (p > 0.05). To understand the predictors of the toileting ability, liner regression was performed. Results showed that lower body strength, perception of pain, and degree of right knee extension was significant predictors (R2 = 0.53). To understand toileting change, ANCOVA was performed. Although toileting ability between baseline and 4th time measurement showed improved in the experimental group, there were no statistical changes in toileting ability among 4 time’s measurements. Therefore, this study provided value information that staff caregivers could apply self-care and exercise self-efficacy enhancement program to maintain toileting ability among elders living in long-term care facilities in Taiwan.
Keywords:
toileting ability; long-term care; elders
Repository Posting Date:
12-Sep-2012
Date of Publication:
12-Sep-2012 ; 12-Sep-2012
Conference Date:
2012
Conference Name:
23rd International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Brisbane, Australia

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleImproving Toileting Ability Among Elders Living in Long-Term Care Facilities in Taiwanen
dc.contributor.authorKuo, Shih-Lingen
dc.contributor.authorChang, Su-Hsienen
dc.contributor.authorYu, Ching-Lenen
dc.contributor.departmentN/Aen
dc.author.detailsKuo, Shih-Ling, MSN, d1088091@mail.ntin.edu.tw; Chang, Su-Hsien, PhD, RN, MSN; Yu, Ching-Len, PhD;en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/243337-
dc.description.abstractThe purpose was to test the effectiveness of a theory-based intervention program in improving toileting ability among elders living in long-term care facilities. This study used an experimental, two groups, and longitudinal research design. The theory-based intervention was designed based on Bandura&rsquo;s Social Cognitive Theory, and called the self-care and exercise self-efficacy enhancement program. Activities of the intervention included performance accomplishment, various experiences, and verbal persuasion, and were provided by staff caregivers of long-term care facilities. The data was collected in baseline (time 1), 2 months (time 2), 4 months (time 3), and 6 months (time 4) after the intervention. However, 274 subjects were recruited from 18 long-term care facilities in Taiwan. They was randomly assigned to the experimental group (n = 120) or comparison group (n = 154) based on the facility they lived. The majority of subjects were female (n = 142), widowers/widow (n = 131), and aged 78.10 (SD = 10.65). To compare two groups of subjects&rsquo; the demographic information and baseline toileting ability, results found that there were no statistical difference in sex, marriage status, educational level, economic, age, period of living in long-term care facilities, and baseline toileting ability (p &gt; 0.05). To understand the predictors of the toileting ability, liner regression was performed. <b>Results </b>showed that lower body strength, perception of pain, and degree of right knee extension was significant predictors (R<sup>2</sup> = 0.53). To understand toileting change, ANCOVA was performed. Although toileting ability between baseline and 4th time measurement showed improved in the experimental group, there were no statistical changes in toileting ability among 4 time&rsquo;s measurements. Therefore, this study provided value information that staff caregivers could apply self-care and exercise self-efficacy enhancement program to maintain toileting ability among elders living in long-term care facilities in Taiwan.en
dc.subjecttoileting abilityen
dc.subjectlong-term careen
dc.subjecteldersen
dc.date.available2012-09-12T09:20:49Z-
dc.date.issued2012-09-12-
dc.date.issued2012-09-12en
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-12T09:20:49Z-
dc.conference.date2012en
dc.conference.name23rd International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationBrisbane, Australiaen
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