Community Social Capital is Inconsistently Associated with Health Promoting Behaviors

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/243366
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Community Social Capital is Inconsistently Associated with Health Promoting Behaviors
Author(s):
Samuel, Laura; Commodore-Mensah, Yvonne
Author Details:
Samuel, Laura, APRN, lsamuel@jhmi.edu; Commodore-Mensah, Yvonne , RN;
Abstract:
Purpose:

The WHO has increased global awareness of social determinants of health.  A growing body of literature examines social capital, defined as the social resources available to individuals in community social networks, and its relationship with health behaviors, but numerous conceptual and operational definitions have been used.  This study identifies specific community social capital concepts used in the literature and summarizes each relationship with health promoting behaviors.

Methods:

A systematic literature search identified 53 studies that examine physical activity (38 studies), avoidance of smoking (19 studies) and fruit and vegetable intake (2 studies). 

Results:

Social norms in favor of behaviors were measured in 18 studies, including 15 that measured observational learning in the neighborhood and 5 that measured community level data, such as behavior prevalence.  These norms were generally positively associated with behaviors, except one study found a negative association.  Likewise, encouraging neighbors to help each other and norms in favor of neighbors intervening in public situations for the public good were both sometimes positively associated, but sometimes negatively associated, with behaviors, in 10 and 5 studies, respectively.  The concept of trust in others, measured in 17 studies, was consistently positively associated with behaviors.  Fifteen studies examined the concept of having a good sense of community, and only 6 of them found a significant positive association.  The concept of social cohesion, or close bonds between neighbors, was positively associated with behaviors in 10 of 14 studies.  Collective efficacy was positively associated with behaviors in 1 of 2 studies.

Conclusion:

This study demonstrates that community social capital concepts are context-specific and can be positively or negatively associated with health promoting behaviors.  Understanding the effect of each dimension of social capital will help to integrate these concepts into behavioral theories and support their use in effective community interventions globally.

Keywords:
social capital; health behaviors; health promotion
Repository Posting Date:
12-Sep-2012
Date of Publication:
12-Sep-2012
Conference Date:
2012
Conference Name:
23rd International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Brisbane, Australia

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleCommunity Social Capital is Inconsistently Associated with Health Promoting Behaviorsen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSamuel, Lauraen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCommodore-Mensah, Yvonneen_GB
dc.author.detailsSamuel, Laura, APRN, lsamuel@jhmi.edu; Commodore-Mensah, Yvonne , RN;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/243366-
dc.description.abstract<b><b>Purpose: </b></b><p>The WHO has increased global awareness of social determinants of health.&nbsp; A growing body of literature examines social capital, defined as the social resources available to individuals in community social networks, and its relationship with health behaviors, but numerous conceptual and operational definitions have been used.&nbsp; This study identifies specific community social capital concepts used in the literature and summarizes each relationship with health promoting behaviors. <p><b><b>Methods: </b></b><p>A systematic literature search identified 53 studies that examine physical activity (38 studies), avoidance of smoking (19 studies) and fruit and vegetable intake (2 studies).&nbsp; <p><b><b>Results: </b> </b><p>Social norms in favor of behaviors were measured in 18 studies, including 15 that measured observational learning in the neighborhood and 5 that measured community level data, such as behavior prevalence.&nbsp; These norms were generally positively associated with behaviors, except one study found a negative association.&nbsp; Likewise, encouraging neighbors to help each other and norms in favor of neighbors intervening in public situations for the public good were both sometimes positively associated, but sometimes negatively associated, with behaviors, in 10 and 5 studies, respectively.&nbsp; The concept of trust in others, measured in 17 studies, was consistently positively associated with behaviors.&nbsp; Fifteen studies examined the concept of having a good sense of community, and only 6 of them found a significant positive association.&nbsp; The concept of social cohesion, or close bonds between neighbors, was positively associated with behaviors in 10 of 14 studies.&nbsp; Collective efficacy was positively associated with behaviors in 1 of 2 studies. <p><b><b>Conclusion: </b></b><p>This study demonstrates that community social capital concepts are context-specific and can be positively or negatively associated with health promoting behaviors.&nbsp; Understanding the effect of each dimension of social capital will help to integrate these concepts into behavioral theories and support their use in effective community interventions globally.en_GB
dc.subjectsocial capitalen_GB
dc.subjecthealth behaviorsen_GB
dc.subjecthealth promotionen_GB
dc.date.available2012-09-12T09:21:12Z-
dc.date.issued2012-09-12-
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-12T09:21:12Z-
dc.conference.date2012en_GB
dc.conference.name23rd International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationBrisbane, Australiaen_GB
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