A Randomized Control Trial to Test the Differences in Educational Methods Used to Enhance Nurses' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice of Evidence-Based Practice

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/243383
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
A Randomized Control Trial to Test the Differences in Educational Methods Used to Enhance Nurses' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice of Evidence-Based Practice
Author(s):
Ecoff, Laurie; Toole, Belinda; Stichler, Jaynelle F.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
San Diego
Author Details:
Ecoff, Laurie, PhD, RN, NEA-BC, laurie.ecoff@sharp.com; Toole, Belinda, MSN, RN, CNS, PCCN; Stichler, Jaynelle F., DNS, RN, FACHE, FAAN;
Abstract:
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of a computer-based, self-administered education module as compared to the in-class presentation of the same education module on nurses’ knowledge, attitudes, and practice of EBP. This study was significant because in order to understand and deliver EBP, all nurses must have not only the foundational knowledge of basic EBP skills, but also demonstrate an attitude that embraces its’ implementation and application.

Methods: The study design was a randomized controlled pre-test/post-test methodology to test the effect of the educational intervention to improve nurses’ knowledge, attitudes, and practice of EBP. Nursing units at three entities on a multi-campus site were randomized to one of three groups: control, computer-based learning (CBL) or in-class presentation.

Results: The sample consisted of 130 nurses in the control group, 192 in the CBL group, and 274 in the classroom group. Questions related to the frequency of attendance at formal EBP classes/conferences or readings in EBP and a self-rating of research abilities were included in the demographic survey. Only two items were significantly different across the three groups: the number of computer-based education in EBP was significantly different and the ability to apply research evidence to patient care. Results on the 12 item knowledge questionnaire revealed no significant differences in the percentage of correct answers pre-test as compared to post-test. There also was no significant difference noted among the aggregated means across all three groups for the pre-test as compared to the post-test.

Conclusion: Results indicated no differences in knowledge gain between CBL and in-class presentation; CBL is less costly and more accessible than formal class presentations. As nursing organizations embrace and enculturate EBP in the current cost-containment environment, it is beneficial to note that computer-assisted instruction is an effective methodology for EBP knowledge translation.

Keywords:
evidence-based practice; education; effective
Repository Posting Date:
12-Sep-2012
Date of Publication:
12-Sep-2012 ; 12-Sep-2012
Conference Date:
2012
Conference Name:
23rd International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Brisbane, Australia

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleA Randomized Control Trial to Test the Differences in Educational Methods Used to Enhance Nurses' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice of Evidence-Based Practiceen
dc.contributor.authorEcoff, Laurieen
dc.contributor.authorToole, Belindaen
dc.contributor.authorStichler, Jaynelle F.en
dc.contributor.departmentSan Diegoen
dc.author.detailsEcoff, Laurie, PhD, RN, NEA-BC, laurie.ecoff@sharp.com; Toole, Belinda, MSN, RN, CNS, PCCN; Stichler, Jaynelle F., DNS, RN, FACHE, FAAN;en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/243383-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of a computer-based, self-administered education module as compared to the in-class presentation of the same education module on nurses&rsquo; knowledge, attitudes, and practice of EBP. This study was significant because in order to understand and deliver EBP, all nurses must have not only the foundational knowledge of basic EBP skills, but also demonstrate an attitude that embraces its&rsquo; implementation and application. <p>Methods: The study design was a randomized controlled pre-test/post-test methodology to test the effect of the educational intervention to improve nurses&rsquo; knowledge, attitudes, and practice of EBP. Nursing units at three entities on a multi-campus site were randomized to one of three groups: control, computer-based learning (CBL) or in-class presentation. <p>Results: The sample consisted of 130 nurses in the control group, 192 in the CBL group, and 274 in the classroom group. Questions related to the frequency of attendance at formal EBP classes/conferences or readings in EBP and a self-rating of research abilities were included in the demographic survey. Only two items were significantly different across the three groups: the number of computer-based education in EBP was significantly different and the ability to apply research evidence to patient care. Results on the 12 item knowledge questionnaire revealed no significant differences in the percentage of correct answers pre-test as compared to post-test. There also was no significant difference noted among the aggregated means across all three groups for the pre-test as compared to the post-test. <p>Conclusion: Results indicated no differences in knowledge gain between CBL and in-class presentation; CBL is less costly and more accessible than formal class presentations. As nursing organizations embrace and enculturate EBP in the current cost-containment environment, it is beneficial to note that computer-assisted instruction is an effective methodology for EBP knowledge translation.en
dc.subjectevidence-based practiceen
dc.subjecteducationen
dc.subjecteffectiveen
dc.date.available2012-09-12T09:21:29Z-
dc.date.issued2012-09-12-
dc.date.issued2012-09-12en
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-12T09:21:29Z-
dc.conference.date2012en
dc.conference.name23rd International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationBrisbane, Australiaen
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