2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/243391
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Smokeless Tobacco Use Among Rural Women in the Southeast USA
Author(s):
Talley, Brenda; Allen, Deborah; Rushing, Alison; Shilling, Dellaire; Gee, Rose Mary
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Region 7 Mu Kappa
Author Details:
Talley, Brenda, PhD, RN, NEA-BC, Brenda.Talley@uah.edu; Allen, Deborah, PhD, FNP-C, BC; Rushing, Alison, PhD, RN; Shilling, Dellaire, FNP-C, RN; Gee, Rose Mary, PhD, RN;
Abstract:
Purpose: The purpose is to share patterns of smokeless tobacco in women derived from qualitative research and to underscore the need to assess and discuss the health risks of smokeless tobacco.  Target audience is nurses, other health care providers, and researchers interested in exploring smokeless tobacco use in other populations.

Methods: A qualitative approach elicited personal descriptions of patterns of smokeless tobacco use in women in rural South East U.S.A. Ten women participated in 1-5 interviews.  Data collected included medical history, onset of use, duration of use, and frequency and quantity of tobacco use. 

Results: Analysis identified family history and influence of others, cultural and social underpinnings, “secrecy” against “outsiders”, and lack of knowledge of health risks.  Of the ten participants, three had significant health problems attributable to use (two oral cancers, one recurring cardiac arrhythmia requiring ablation).  Themes related to patterns of use were identified. .  At least two distinctive groups emerged:  age at onset (range 8-42) and predications of initial use (childhood initiation-culturally imbedded vs. adult initiation-cigarette substitution behavior).

Conclusion: “Secrecy” of use is a deterrent to health education and early diagnosis and treatment. Communication is lacking between health care providers and female users of smokeless tobacco.  Needed is improved attention to screening by health care providers and culturally appropriate primary and secondary prevention strategies

References:

Arabi, Z. (2007). An epidemic that deserves more attention: Epidemiology, prevention, and treatment of smokeless tobacco. Southern Medical Journal, 100(9), 890-894.

Lee, J. H. (2009). Smokeless tobacco and head and neck cancer: There is risk even without fire. South Dakota Medicine, Spec No, 38-39. 

Talley, B., Gee, R., Allen, D., Marshall, E., Encinas, K., & Lim, S. (2011).  Assessment of smokeless tobacco use in the history and physical examination by primary health care providers. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners. 3(8), 445-447.

Keywords:
Smokeless Tobacco; Women; Health Behaviors
Repository Posting Date:
12-Sep-2012
Date of Publication:
12-Sep-2012 ; 12-Sep-2012
Conference Date:
2012
Conference Name:
23rd International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Brisbane, Australia

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleSmokeless Tobacco Use Among Rural Women in the Southeast USAen
dc.contributor.authorTalley, Brendaen
dc.contributor.authorAllen, Deborahen
dc.contributor.authorRushing, Alisonen
dc.contributor.authorShilling, Dellaireen
dc.contributor.authorGee, Rose Maryen
dc.contributor.departmentRegion 7 Mu Kappaen
dc.author.detailsTalley, Brenda, PhD, RN, NEA-BC, Brenda.Talley@uah.edu; Allen, Deborah, PhD, FNP-C, BC; Rushing, Alison, PhD, RN; Shilling, Dellaire, FNP-C, RN; Gee, Rose Mary, PhD, RN;en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/243391-
dc.description.abstract<b>Purpose: </b>The purpose is to share patterns of smokeless tobacco in women derived from qualitative research and to underscore the need to assess and discuss the health risks of smokeless tobacco.&nbsp; Target audience is nurses, other health care providers, and&nbsp;researchers interested in exploring smokeless tobacco use in other populations. <p><b>Methods: </b>A qualitative approach elicited personal descriptions of patterns of smokeless tobacco use in women in rural South East U.S.A. Ten women participated in 1-5 interviews.&nbsp; Data collected included medical history, onset of use, duration of use, and frequency and quantity of tobacco use.&nbsp; <p><b>Results: </b>Analysis identified family history and influence of others, cultural and social underpinnings, &ldquo;secrecy&rdquo; against &ldquo;outsiders&rdquo;, and lack of knowledge of health risks.&nbsp; Of the ten participants, three had significant health problems attributable to use (two oral cancers, one recurring cardiac arrhythmia requiring ablation).&nbsp; Themes related to patterns of use were identified. .&nbsp; At least two distinctive groups emerged:&nbsp; age at onset (range 8-42) and predications of initial use (childhood initiation-culturally imbedded vs. adult initiation-cigarette substitution behavior). <p><b>Conclusion: </b>&ldquo;Secrecy&rdquo; of use is a deterrent to health education and early diagnosis and treatment. Communication is lacking between health care providers and female users of smokeless tobacco.&nbsp; Needed is improved attention to screening by health care providers and culturally appropriate primary and secondary prevention strategies <p>References: <p>Arabi, Z. (2007). An epidemic that deserves more attention: Epidemiology, prevention, and treatment of smokeless tobacco. Southern Medical Journal, 100(9),<i> </i>890-894. <p>Lee, J. H. (2009). Smokeless tobacco and head and neck cancer: There is risk even without fire. South Dakota Medicine, Spec No,<i> </i>38-39.<i>&nbsp; </i><p>Talley, B., Gee, R., Allen, D., Marshall, E., Encinas, K., &amp; Lim, S. (2011).&nbsp; Assessment of smokeless tobacco use in the history and physical examination by primary health care providers. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners.<i> 3(8),</i> 445-447.en
dc.subjectSmokeless Tobaccoen
dc.subjectWomenen
dc.subjectHealth Behaviorsen
dc.date.available2012-09-12T09:21:36Z-
dc.date.issued2012-09-12-
dc.date.issued2012-09-12en
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-12T09:21:36Z-
dc.conference.date2012en
dc.conference.name23rd International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationBrisbane, Australiaen
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