Relationships and Mediating Effects of Self-Efficacy, Locus of Control, Coping and the Practice Environment on Self-Efficacy in Nursing and Job Satisfaction in Australian Registered Nurses

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/243521
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Relationships and Mediating Effects of Self-Efficacy, Locus of Control, Coping and the Practice Environment on Self-Efficacy in Nursing and Job Satisfaction in Australian Registered Nurses
Author(s):
Reid, Carol; Anderson, Debra Jane; Hurst, Cameron
Author Details:
Reid, Carol, PhD, MAppSc, GradCertHlth, (Sexual, Health), BHSc(N), RN, c2.reid@student.qut.edu.au; Anderson, Debra Jane, PhD, RN, BA, GDNS, (ed), MN; Hurst, Cameron, PhD;
Abstract:
Purpose:

To examine relationships between socio-demographic variables, work locus of control(WLC), general self-efficacy(GSE), the practice environment(PE), caring-efficacy(CE) and job satisfaction(JS) in Australian Registered Nurses.

Methods:

A cross-sectional survey was undertaken. Data analysis was conducted using descriptive and bivariate statistics, multivariable and mediation analyses and structural equation modelling.

Results:

Age was positively related to CE (p ≤ 0.05). Health sector and specialty area were related to JS (p ≤ 0.05). A model was developed and was shown to fit the data well (χ² = 2.3594, χ²/df = 2.3594, CFI = 0.9987). Removal of all four (continuous) socio-demographic variables led to an improved model fit and were excluded from subsequent modelling. A 24% of variation in CE could be accounted for GSE, WLC and PE and 62% of variation in JS could be accounted for by GSE, WLC and PE. All pathways were shown to be significant apart from PE to CE. Additional model testing found CE positively related to GSE (βZ = 0.38, p < 0.001) and negatively related to WLC (βZ = - 0.23, p < 0.001). JS was positively explained by PE (βZ = 0.69, p = < 0.001); GSE was negatively related to JS (βZ - 0 .09, p < 0.001) and WLC, was negatively related (βZ = - 0.20, p < 0.001). Further, CE mediated the relationship between GSE and JS.

Conclusion:

The model showed that an internal WLC and high levels of GSE in nurses may result in high levels of CE and JS. When PE scores were high (satisfied with the environment), JS scores were high (high levels of job satisfaction). This study provides a comprehensive profile of Australian nurses and factors that may affect nursing care.   Enhancing nurses’ self- efficacy and the practice environment may improve nurse-patient relationships and job satisfaction.

Keywords:
self-efficacy; satisfaction; nursing
Repository Posting Date:
12-Sep-2012
Date of Publication:
12-Sep-2012
Conference Date:
2012
Conference Name:
23rd International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Brisbane, Australia

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleRelationships and Mediating Effects of Self-Efficacy, Locus of Control, Coping and the Practice Environment on Self-Efficacy in Nursing and Job Satisfaction in Australian Registered Nursesen_GB
dc.contributor.authorReid, Carolen_GB
dc.contributor.authorAnderson, Debra Janeen_GB
dc.contributor.authorHurst, Cameronen_GB
dc.author.detailsReid, Carol, PhD, MAppSc, GradCertHlth, (Sexual, Health), BHSc(N), RN, c2.reid@student.qut.edu.au; Anderson, Debra Jane, PhD, RN, BA, GDNS, (ed), MN; Hurst, Cameron, PhD;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/243521-
dc.description.abstract<b>Purpose: </b> <p>To examine relationships between socio-demographic variables, work locus of control(WLC), general self-efficacy(GSE), the practice environment(PE), caring-efficacy(CE) and job satisfaction(JS) in Australian Registered Nurses. <p><b>Methods: </b> <p>A cross-sectional survey was undertaken. Data analysis was conducted using descriptive and bivariate statistics, multivariable and mediation analyses and structural equation modelling. <p><b>Results: </b> <p>Age was positively related to CE (p &le; 0.05). Health sector and specialty area were related to JS (p &le; 0.05). A model was developed and was shown to fit the data well (&chi;&sup2; = 2.3594, &chi;&sup2;/df = 2.3594, CFI = 0.9987). Removal of all four (continuous) socio-demographic variables led to an improved model fit and were excluded from subsequent modelling. A 24% of variation in CE could be accounted for GSE, WLC and PE and 62% of variation in JS could be accounted for by GSE, WLC and PE. All pathways were shown to be significant apart from PE to CE. Additional model testing found<b> </b>CE positively related to GSE (&beta;<sub>Z </sub>= 0.38, p &lt; 0.001) and negatively related to WLC (&beta;<sub>Z </sub>= - 0.23, p &lt; 0.001). JS was positively explained by PE (&beta;<sub>Z </sub>= 0.69, p = &lt; 0.001); GSE was negatively related to JS (&beta;<sub>Z </sub>- 0 .09, p &lt; 0.001) and WLC, was negatively related (&beta;<sub>Z </sub>= - 0.20, p &lt; 0.001). Further, CE mediated the relationship between GSE and JS. <p><b>Conclusion: </b> <p>The model showed that<b> a</b>n<b> </b>internal WLC and high levels of GSE in nurses may result in high levels of CE and JS. When PE scores were high (satisfied with the environment), JS scores were high (high levels of job satisfaction). This study provides a comprehensive profile of Australian nurses and factors that may affect nursing care.&nbsp;&nbsp; Enhancing nurses&rsquo; self- efficacy and the practice environment may improve nurse-patient relationships and job satisfaction.en_GB
dc.subjectself-efficacyen_GB
dc.subjectsatisfactionen_GB
dc.subjectnursingen_GB
dc.date.available2012-09-12T09:23:27Z-
dc.date.issued2012-09-12-
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-12T09:23:27Z-
dc.conference.date2012en_GB
dc.conference.name23rd International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationBrisbane, Australiaen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.