Symptom Clusters, Quality of Life, and Functional Status in Older Adults with Osteoarthritis

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/277492
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Research Study
Title:
Symptom Clusters, Quality of Life, and Functional Status in Older Adults with Osteoarthritis
Author(s):
Jenkins, Jeanne; McCoy, Thomas
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Gamma Zeta
Author Details:
Jeanne B. Jenkins, PhD, MBA, RN, jeanne.jenkins@uncg.edu; Thomas P. McCoy, tpmccoy@uncg.edu
Abstract:

STTI/SNRS Small Grant  2011-2012

Background: One in two people may develop symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) in their lifetime. Many OA sufferers have multiple concurrent symptoms, such as pain, fatigue, and depression. Examining if symptom clusters exist among older adults with OA of the knee and their effects on patient outcomes, such as quality of life (QOL) and functional status is essential to provide evidence-based geriatric healthcare.

 

Purpose: The purposes of this secondary analysis were to explore the existence of symptoms that form a cluster in older adults with OA of the knee, and to explore the effect of symptom clusters on the QOL and functional status.

 

Method: A cross-sectional, methodological exploration of existing data from a convenience sample (N=75) of adults ages 50 and older was used. Hierarchical and k-means cluster analysis was performed to identify symptom clusters.  MANOVA was performed to test for any differences in QOL and functional status jointly. 

 

Results: Two large clusters of pain, fatigue, and depression were identified from cluster analysis.  Significant mean differences between symptom clusters existed on both QOL (p=0.0082) and functional status (p

 

Implications: The findings of this study provide a foundation for evaluating symptom clusters in future research and determining whether the clusters vary over time or along disease/treatment trajectory. Linking the symptom cluster to outcomes provides a basis for targeted interventions to improve QOL and functional status of older adults with OA.  

Keywords:
symptom cluster; older adults
Repository Posting Date:
1-Apr-2013
Date of Publication:
1-Apr-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International; Southern Nursing Research Society
Description:
Author's note: This item was also presented in Nov. 2012 at the 65th Annual Gerontological Society of America Conference in San Diego; and also at the Southern Nursing Research Society Annual Conference, February 2013, in Little Rock, AR
Note:
The Sigma Theta Tau International grant application that funded this research, in whole or in part, was completed by the applicant and peer-reviewed prior to the award of the STTI grant. No further peer-review has taken place upon the completion of the STTI grant final report and its appearance in this repository.; This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryAbstracten
dc.typeResearch Studyen
dc.titleSymptom Clusters, Quality of Life, and Functional Status in Older Adults with Osteoarthritisen_US
dc.contributor.authorJenkins, Jeanne-
dc.contributor.authorMcCoy, Thomas-
dc.contributor.departmentGamma Zetaen
dc.author.detailsJeanne B. Jenkins, PhD, MBA, RN, jeanne.jenkins@uncg.edu; Thomas P. McCoy, tpmccoy@uncg.eduen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/277492-
dc.description.abstract<p><strong>STTI/SNRS Small Grant  2011-2012</strong></p> <p><strong>Background</strong>: One in two people may develop symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) in their lifetime. Many OA sufferers have multiple concurrent symptoms, such as pain, fatigue, and depression. Examining if symptom clusters exist among older adults with OA of the knee and their effects on patient outcomes, such as quality of life (QOL) and functional status is essential to provide evidence-based geriatric healthcare.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Purpose</strong>: The purposes of this secondary analysis were to explore the existence of symptoms that form a cluster in older adults with OA of the knee, and to explore the effect of symptom clusters on the QOL and functional status.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Method</strong>: A cross-sectional, methodological exploration of existing data from a convenience sample (N=75) of adults ages 50 and older was used. Hierarchical and <em>k</em>-means cluster analysis was performed to identify symptom clusters.  MANOVA was performed to test for any differences in QOL and functional status jointly. </p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: Two large clusters of pain, fatigue, and depression were identified from cluster analysis.  Significant mean differences between symptom clusters existed on both QOL (p=0.0082) and functional status (p</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Implications:</strong> The findings of this study provide a foundation for evaluating symptom clusters in future research and determining whether the clusters vary over time or along disease/treatment trajectory. Linking the symptom cluster to outcomes provides a basis for targeted interventions to improve QOL and functional status of older adults with OA.  </p>en_GB
dc.subjectsymptom clusteren_GB
dc.subjectolder adultsen_GB
dc.date.available2013-04-01T20:49:00Z-
dc.date.issued2013-04-01-
dc.date.accessioned2013-04-01T20:49:00Z-
dc.conference.date2013en
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indianaen_GB
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen
dc.description.sponsorshipSouthern Nursing Research Societyen
dc.descriptionAuthor's note: This item was also presented in Nov. 2012 at the 65th Annual Gerontological Society of America Conference in San Diego; and also at the Southern Nursing Research Society Annual Conference, February 2013, in Little Rock, ARen_GB
dc.description.noteThe Sigma Theta Tau International grant application that funded this research, in whole or in part, was completed by the applicant and peer-reviewed prior to the award of the STTI grant. No further peer-review has taken place upon the completion of the STTI grant final report and its appearance in this repository.en
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item.-
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