2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/303807
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Working for Yourself: Microenterprise and Women's Health
Author(s):
Salt, Rebekah J.; Lee, Jongwon
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Gamma Sigma
Author Details:
Rebekah J. Salt, PhD, RN, salt@uthscsa.edu; Jongwon Lee, PhD, RN;
Abstract:

Session presented on: Wednesday, July 24, 2013

Purpose:

The purpose of this study was to explore precarious employment and women�s health within the context of microenterprise. The specific aim was to identify the health concerns of low-income women who utilized�resources from a non-profit microenterprise organization in New Mexico (NM).

Methods:

Data were generated in NM in 2010 using five focus groups with women who were affiliated with one of the regional organization sites around NM. Five transcripts were coded by the principle investigator and a second independent coder. Data were analyzed using content analysis. The degree of inter-rater agreement was determined by calculating the Cohen�s Kappa (K), percentage agreement (Po), prevalence index (PI), bias index (BI), and prevalence-adjusted and bias-adjusted Kappa (PABAK).

Results:

Two broad themes emerged from these data: 1) Working for Yourself and 2) Strategies. While the women expressed concern about social isolation, depression, and the economy; flexibility, freedom, and feeling purposeful were motivators to pursue a microenterprise. The Kappa (K) statistics on the five transcripts ranged from 0.02 to 0.2 which indicated poor inter-rater agreement. This might be because the ratings between the two raters were nearly all positive. In such cases, it is difficult to interpret Kappa alone and the adjusted Kappa (i.e., PABAK) needs to be used. Thus, we calculated additional agreement indices of the five transcripts and they revealed that there was a good inter-rater agreement: PABAK, 0.60- 0.74; Po, 0.78- 0.85; PI, 0.72-0.84; and BI, -0.01-0.1.

Conclusion:

Starting a small business in today�s fragile economy can be risky and to date, there is minimal research that explores the relationship between precarious employment and health within the context of microenterprise. Women are one of the strongest links to family health and represent the majority of microenterprise owners; therefore investing in interventions that address their concerns may decrease disparities and improve population health.

Keywords:
Precarious Employment; Women's Health; Microenterprise
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleWorking for Yourself: Microenterprise and Women's Healthen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSalt, Rebekah J.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorLee, Jongwonen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentGamma Sigmaen_GB
dc.author.detailsRebekah J. Salt, PhD, RN, salt@uthscsa.edu; Jongwon Lee, PhD, RN;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/303807-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Wednesday, July 24, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b> <p>The purpose of this study was to explore precarious employment and women�s health within the context of microenterprise. The specific aim was to identify the health concerns of low-income women who utilized�resources from a non-profit microenterprise organization in New Mexico (NM). <p><b>Methods: </b> <p>Data were generated in NM in 2010 using five focus groups with women who were affiliated with one of the regional organization sites around NM. Five transcripts were coded by the principle investigator and a second independent coder. Data were analyzed using content analysis. The degree of inter-rater agreement was determined by calculating the Cohen�s Kappa (<i>K</i>), percentage agreement (P<sub>o</sub>), prevalence index (PI), bias index (BI), and prevalence-adjusted and bias-adjusted Kappa (PABAK). <p><b>Results: </b> <p>Two broad themes emerged from these data: 1) <i>Working for Yourself</i> and 2) <i>Strategies. </i>While the women expressed concern about social isolation, depression, and the economy; flexibility, freedom, and feeling purposeful were motivators to pursue a microenterprise. The Kappa (<i>K</i>) statistics on the five transcripts ranged from 0.02 to 0.2 which indicated poor inter-rater agreement. This might be because the ratings between the two raters were nearly all positive. In such cases, it is difficult to interpret Kappa alone and the adjusted Kappa (i.e., PABAK) needs to be used. Thus, we calculated additional agreement indices of the five transcripts and they revealed that there was a good inter-rater agreement: PABAK, 0.60- 0.74; P<sub>o</sub>, 0.78- 0.85; PI, 0.72-0.84; and BI, -0.01-0.1. <p><b>Conclusion: </b> <p>Starting a small business in today�s fragile economy can be risky and to date, there is minimal research that explores the relationship between precarious employment and health within the context of microenterprise. Women are one of the strongest links to family health and represent the majority of microenterprise owners; therefore investing in interventions that address their concerns may decrease disparities and improve population health.<b></b>en_GB
dc.subjectPrecarious Employmenten_GB
dc.subjectWomen's Healthen_GB
dc.subjectMicroenterpriseen_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:23:53Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:23:53Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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