2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/303841
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Changes of Maternal Anxiety from Mid Pregnancy to Postpartum
Author(s):
Cheng, Ching-Yu; Liou, Shwu-Ru; Wang, Panchalli
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Ching-Yu Cheng, PhD, RN, chingyuad@gmail.com; Shwu-Ru Liou, PhD, RN; Panchalli Wang, MD;
Abstract:

Poster presented on: Monday, July 22, 2013, Tuesday, July 23, 2013

Purpose: Maternal anxiety although was found to be related to preterm birth was not widely studied, not to mention its longitudinal changes from pregnancy to postpartum. The purpose of this study is to understand changes and prediction of maternal anxiety from pregnancy to postpartum. Research questions included (a) how maternal anxiety changes from pregnancy to postpartum, and (b) can anxiety at earlier time predict it at later time point? 

Methods: Data from 197 pregnant women with a mean age of 29.71 were analyzed for this longitudinal study. Most women were primiparous, employed, and happy about the pregnancy. Majority of them gave birth vaginally. Mean infant birthweight was 3028.12 grams with 5.6% low birthweight, gestational age at birth was 38.20 weeks with 9.6% born prematurely. The Zung Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) was used to measure anxiety. Data were collected when participants were 25-28 (T1), 29-34 (T2), over 34 (T3) weeks of gestation and 4-6 weeks postpartum (T4). Descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Generalized Estimation Equation (GEE), regression, and Sobel test were used to analyze the data. 

Results: The participants had medium level of anxiety during pregnancy and postpartum. Anxiety level significantly increased from T1 to T3 and decreased after childbirth. Anxiety did not differ by any demographic variables during pregnancy or postpartum. Anxiety at all data collection time points were correlated with each other except for T1 anxiety was weakly correlated with T4 anxiety. Anxiety at T1 could predict T3 anxiety; however, 90.08% of this prediction effect was mediated by T2 anxiety. 

Conclusion: Early detection of maternal anxiety regardless of mothers’ demographic characteristics can help mothers to manage higher level of anxiety at later pregnancy, which may influence maternal and fetal health. Research on interventions to reduce maternal anxiety is needed.

Keywords:
maternal anxiety; pregnancy; postpartum
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleChanges of Maternal Anxiety from Mid Pregnancy to Postpartumen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCheng, Ching-Yuen_GB
dc.contributor.authorLiou, Shwu-Ruen_GB
dc.contributor.authorWang, Panchallien_GB
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen_GB
dc.author.detailsChing-Yu Cheng, PhD, RN, chingyuad@gmail.com; Shwu-Ru Liou, PhD, RN; Panchalli Wang, MD;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/303841-
dc.description.abstract<p>Poster presented on: Monday, July 22, 2013, Tuesday, July 23, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b>Maternal anxiety although was found to be related to preterm birth was not widely studied, not to mention its longitudinal changes from pregnancy to postpartum. The purpose of this study is to understand changes and prediction of maternal anxiety from pregnancy to postpartum. Research questions included (a) how maternal anxiety changes from pregnancy to postpartum, and (b) can anxiety at earlier time predict it at later time point?  <p><b>Methods: </b>Data from 197 pregnant women with a mean age of 29.71 were analyzed for this longitudinal study. Most women were primiparous, employed, and happy about the pregnancy. Majority of them gave birth vaginally. Mean infant birthweight was 3028.12 grams with 5.6% low birthweight, gestational age at birth was 38.20 weeks with 9.6% born prematurely. The Zung Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) was used to measure anxiety. Data were collected when participants were 25-28 (T1), 29-34 (T2), over 34 (T3) weeks of gestation and 4-6 weeks postpartum (T4). Descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Generalized Estimation Equation (GEE), regression, and Sobel test were used to analyze the data.  <p><b>Results: </b>The participants had medium level of anxiety during pregnancy and postpartum. Anxiety level significantly increased from T1 to T3 and decreased after childbirth. Anxiety did not differ by any demographic variables during pregnancy or postpartum. Anxiety at all data collection time points were correlated with each other except for T1 anxiety was weakly correlated with T4 anxiety. Anxiety at T1 could predict T3 anxiety; however, 90.08% of this prediction effect was mediated by T2 anxiety.  <p><b>Conclusion: </b>Early detection of maternal anxiety regardless of mothers’ demographic characteristics can help mothers to manage higher level of anxiety at later pregnancy, which may influence maternal and fetal health. Research on interventions to reduce maternal anxiety is needed.en_GB
dc.subjectmaternal anxietyen_GB
dc.subjectpregnancyen_GB
dc.subjectpostpartumen_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:24:13Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:24:13Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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