2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/303890
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Depressive Disorders in Older People
Author(s):
Apostolo, Joao Luis
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Phi Xi
Author Details:
Joao Luis Apostolo, RN, MS, PhD, apostolo@esenfc.pt
Abstract:

Session presented on: Thursday, July 25, 2013

Purpose: To describe depressive disorders and the use of antidepressant medication in community- dwelling and nursing home older people; and to analyze different depressive disorders according to older people’s gender and residence.

Methods: The Portuguese version of the Geriatric Depression Scale - GDS-15 - (Apóstolo, 2011) was administered by interview to 346 older people from Central and Northern Portugal, community-dwelling (n = 188), or institutionalized in three nursing homes (n = 158). The sample included 61.99% women and 38.01% men; mean age 77.52 years, SD 7.89 years; 7.58% single, 42.85% married, 20.12% divorced and 29.45% widowed. As for the level of education, 75.80% had between 0 and 4 years of education, 17.79% between 6 and 12, and 6.41% had more than 12 years.

Results: In this sample, 46.83% of women and 26.68% of men reported history of depression; 27.40% of women and 14.84% of men reported taking antidepressant medication. The sample included 64.46% of women and 47.69% of men classified as having depressive disorder, as well as 54.79% of community-dwelling elders and 63.29% of nursing home residents. The t-test for independent samples showed that women have higher levels of depressive disorders (mean=7.59) than men (mean=6.12) (t = 3.310, p = 0.001), and that community-dwelling elders have lower levels (mean=6.56) than nursing home elders (mean=7.69) (t = -2.56, p = 0.011).

Conclusion: Results show that a high percentage of older people use antidepressant medication and are classified as having depressive disorder. Women and nursing home residents present high levels of depressive disorders. As a mental disorder, depression is under-recognized among the elderly, with major negative consequences. Thus, we propose an improvement of the assessment and intervention processes by introducing, in different contexts, a screening instrument, such as the GDS-15, and health promotion and education strategies with a special focus on the use of antidepressant medication.

Keywords:
Geriatric; Depression
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleDepressive Disorders in Older Peopleen_GB
dc.contributor.authorApostolo, Joao Luisen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentPhi Xien_GB
dc.author.detailsJoao Luis Apostolo, RN, MS, PhD, apostolo@esenfc.pten_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/303890-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Thursday, July 25, 2013</p><b><b>Purpose</b>: </b> To describe depressive disorders and the use of antidepressant medication in community- dwelling and nursing home older people; and to analyze different depressive disorders according to older people’s gender and residence. <p><b><b>Methods</b>: </b> The Portuguese version of the Geriatric Depression Scale - GDS-15 - (Apóstolo, 2011) was administered by interview to 346 older people from Central and Northern Portugal, community-dwelling (n = 188), or institutionalized in three nursing homes (n = 158). The sample included 61.99% women and 38.01% men; mean age 77.52 years, SD 7.89 years; 7.58% single, 42.85% married, 20.12% divorced and 29.45% widowed. As for the level of education, 75.80% had between 0 and 4 years of education, 17.79% between 6 and 12, and 6.41% had more than 12 years. <p><b><b>Results</b>: </b> In this sample, 46.83% of women and 26.68% of men reported history of depression; 27.40% of women and 14.84% of men reported taking antidepressant medication. The sample included 64.46% of women and 47.69% of men classified as having depressive disorder, as well as 54.79% of community-dwelling elders and 63.29% of nursing home residents. The t-test for independent samples showed that women have higher levels of depressive disorders (mean=7.59) than men (mean=6.12) (t = 3.310, p = 0.001), and that community-dwelling elders have lower levels (mean=6.56) than nursing home elders (mean=7.69) (t = -2.56, p = 0.011). <p><b><b>Conclusion</b>: </b> Results show that a high percentage of older people use antidepressant medication and are classified as having depressive disorder. Women and nursing home residents present high levels of depressive disorders. As a mental disorder, depression is under-recognized among the elderly, with major negative consequences. Thus, we propose an improvement of the assessment and intervention processes by introducing, in different contexts, a screening instrument, such as the GDS-15, and health promotion and education strategies with a special focus on the use of antidepressant medication.en_GB
dc.subjectGeriatricen_GB
dc.subjectDepressionen_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:25:14Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:25:14Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.