The Evaluation of Service-Learning as an Innovative Strategy to Enhance BSN Students' Transcultural Self-Efficacy

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/303892
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Evaluation of Service-Learning as an Innovative Strategy to Enhance BSN Students' Transcultural Self-Efficacy
Author(s):
Adams, Theresa M.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Alpha Nu
Author Details:
Theresa M. Adams, PhD, RN, MSN, BSN, theresa.adams@alvernia.edu
Abstract:

Session presented on: Thursday, July 25, 2013

Purpose: This quasi-experiemental study'evaluated service-learning as an innovative strategy to change generic baccalaureate nursing students's perceived self-efficacy in providing culturally competent nursing care.

Methods: One intervention group (n = 42) completed a service-learning experience and the other (n = 69) completed an interview with a client from another culture.' Demographic information was obtained and the Transcultural Self-Efficacy Tool was administered to all study participants pre and post the intervention.'

Results: Repeated measures MANOVA results revealed an intervention elicited a statistically significant increase (p < .001) in self-efficacy strength (SEST) scores for the affective, cognitive, and practical subscales and for composite SEST scores. MANOVA results revealed pre-test SEST scores were significantly different depending on the participants' language (p = .001) and race (p < .001). Follow-up univariate ANOVAs (with Bonferroni correction) indicated that all three pre-test SEST scores were significantly different depending on race: Affective: F (1, 109) = 11.75, p = .001, ?2 = .097; Cognitive: F (1, 109) = 6.34, p = .013, ?2 =. 055; and, Practical: F (1, 109) = 19.27, p = .000, ?2 = .150. Univariate ANOVAs of the composite pre-test scores revealed a significant difference for language, F (1, 109) = 15.67, p < .001, partial ?2 = .126 and for race, F (1, 109) = 19.73, p < .001, partial ?2 = .145. A repeated measures MANOVA revealed there was no significant difference in improvement of SEST scores in any subscale, based on the type of intervention. Repeated measures MANOVA results revealed a significant interactive effect between intervention and race (p < .05).'

Conclusion: Results of this study provide evidence that transcultural self-efficacy is dynamic and changes after a cultural educational experience; however, due to the relatively small sample size, service-learning was not found to be more effective than an interview at this time.

Keywords:
health disparities; nursing research; service-learning
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013 ; 22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleThe Evaluation of Service-Learning as an Innovative Strategy to Enhance BSN Students' Transcultural Self-Efficacyen
dc.contributor.authorAdams, Theresa M.en
dc.contributor.departmentAlpha Nuen
dc.author.detailsTheresa M. Adams, PhD, RN, MSN, BSN, theresa.adams@alvernia.eduen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/303892-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Thursday, July 25, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b>This quasi-experiemental study'evaluated service-learning as an innovative strategy to change generic baccalaureate nursing students's perceived self-efficacy in providing culturally competent nursing care. <p><b>Methods: </b>One intervention group (n = 42) completed a service-learning experience and the other (n = 69) completed an interview with a client from another culture.' Demographic information was obtained and the Transcultural Self-Efficacy Tool was administered to all study participants pre and post the intervention.' <p><b>Results: </b> Repeated measures MANOVA results revealed an intervention elicited a statistically significant increase (<i>p</i> < .001) in self-efficacy strength (SEST) scores for the affective, cognitive, and practical subscales and for composite SEST scores. MANOVA results revealed pre-test SEST scores were significantly different depending on the participants' language (<i>p</i> = .001) and race (<i>p</i> < .001). Follow-up univariate ANOVAs (with Bonferroni correction) indicated that all three pre-test SEST scores were significantly different depending on race: Affective: <i>F</i> (1, 109) = 11.75, <i>p </i>= .001, ?<sup>2 </sup>= .097; Cognitive: <i>F</i> (1, 109) = 6.34, <i>p</i> = .013, ?<sup>2 </sup>=. 055; and, Practical: <i>F</i> (1, 109) = 19.27, <i>p</i> = .000, ?<sup>2 </sup>= .150. Univariate ANOVAs of the composite pre-test scores revealed a significant difference for language, <i>F</i> (1, 109) = 15.67, <i>p</i> < .001, partial ?<sup>2</sup> = .126 and for race, <i>F</i> (1, 109) = 19.73, <i>p </i>< .001, partial ?<sup>2</sup> = .145. A repeated measures MANOVA revealed there was no significant difference in improvement of SEST scores in any subscale, based on the type of intervention. Repeated measures MANOVA results revealed a significant interactive effect between intervention and race (<i>p</i> < .05).' <p><b>Conclusion: </b>Results of this study provide evidence that transcultural self-efficacy is dynamic and changes after a cultural educational experience; however, due to the relatively small sample size, service-learning was not found to be more effective than an interview at this time.en
dc.subjecthealth disparitiesen
dc.subjectnursing researchen
dc.subjectservice-learningen
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:25:17Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22en
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:25:17Z-
dc.conference.date2013en
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en
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