Visual Literacy and Perceptual Intelligence: Educational Strategies to Enhance Observational and Communication Skills in Nursing Students

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/303896
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Visual Literacy and Perceptual Intelligence: Educational Strategies to Enhance Observational and Communication Skills in Nursing Students
Author(s):
Filer, Debra
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Debra Filer, PhD, RN, CNE, dafiler@stkate.edu
Abstract:

Session presented on: Thursday, July 25, 2013

Purpose:

The purpose of this study was to determine whether participation in a seminar using works of art could improve observational and communication skills in nursing and art history students

Methods:

The seminar was designed to hone students’ visual literacy and break familiar viewing habits through viewing works of art. Before and after the seminar each student received a randomly assigned coded packet containing 1 of 2 photographs. Students were asked to record their observations of the photographs pre- and post-intervention.  Responses were coded and compared with participants acting as their own controls.

Written response was scored by the researchers and a research assistant. The responses were scored on the number of observations made, the number of inferences made, and the number of inferences supported by observations. Statistical analysis was used to interpret the data. 

Post-intervention focus interview(s) of selected students were conducted by the researchers one week after the seminar. Interview questions were broad in nature and sought to gather further data in order to assess the long-term effects of the intervention, as well as assess the effects of the interdisciplinary socialization. Interviews were recorded and analyzed for themes.

Results:

Both nursing and art students showed significant improvement in the number of observations they recorded after the intervention (p<.005).  However, the magnitude of that change was significantly greater in the nursing students than in the art students (t = 2.682, p = .01). Nursing students also demonstrated a significant change in supported inferences (p=0.049), while the art students did not (p=0.377).

Conclusion:

This study demonstrated that works of art can be used as teaching method to improve nursing students' skills of observation and communication. Results indicated that students could more fully support their inferences by recognizing and clustering observations.

Keywords:
Educational strategy; Visual literacy; Assessment
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleVisual Literacy and Perceptual Intelligence: Educational Strategies to Enhance Observational and Communication Skills in Nursing Studentsen_GB
dc.contributor.authorFiler, Debraen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen_GB
dc.author.detailsDebra Filer, PhD, RN, CNE, dafiler@stkate.eduen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/303896-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Thursday, July 25, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b> <p>The purpose of this study was to determine whether participation in a seminar using works of art could improve observational and communication skills in nursing and art history students <p><b>Methods: </b> <p>The seminar was designed to hone students’ visual literacy and break familiar viewing habits through viewing works of art. Before and after the seminar each student received a randomly assigned coded packet containing 1 of 2 photographs. Students were asked to record their observations of the photographs pre- and post-intervention.  Responses were coded and compared with participants acting as their own controls. <p>Written response was scored by the researchers and a research assistant. The responses were scored on the number of observations made, the number of inferences made, and the number of inferences supported by observations. Statistical analysis was used to interpret the data.  <p>Post-intervention focus interview(s) of selected students were conducted by the researchers one week after the seminar. Interview questions were broad in nature and sought to gather further data in order to assess the long-term effects of the intervention, as well as assess the effects of the interdisciplinary socialization. Interviews were recorded and analyzed for themes. <p><b>Results: </b> <p>Both nursing and art students showed significant improvement in the number of observations they recorded after the intervention (p<.005).  However, the magnitude of that change was significantly greater in the nursing students than in the art students (t = 2.682, p = .01). Nursing students also demonstrated a significant change in supported inferences (p=0.049), while the art students did not (p=0.377). <p><b>Conclusion: </b> <p>This study demonstrated that works of art can be used as teaching method to improve nursing students' skills of observation and communication. Results indicated that students could more fully support their inferences by recognizing and clustering observations.en_GB
dc.subjectEducational strategyen_GB
dc.subjectVisual literacyen_GB
dc.subjectAssessmenten_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:25:21Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:25:21Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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