Nurses' Perceptions of Facilitating a Therapeutic Nurse-Patient Relationship in Private General Hospitals in South Africa

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/303912
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Nurses' Perceptions of Facilitating a Therapeutic Nurse-Patient Relationship in Private General Hospitals in South Africa
Author(s):
Van den Heever, Annalie E.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Tau Lambda
Author Details:
Annalie E. Van den Heever, MCur (PsychNsg), BSocSci (Nsg) (Hons), annalie.vandenheever@wits.ac.za
Abstract:

Session presented on: Wednesday, July 24, 2013

Purpose: Facilitation of a therapeutic relationship is an essential skill in nursing, particularly in mental health care. Nurses in private general hospitals are exposed to the emotional effects of physical illness as well as the increase in admission of patients with mental health needs. Poor nurse- patient relationships have been reported by patients'and'in the media. The researchers experienced incidents of an apparent lack of awareness during nurse-patient interactions while working in private general hospitals.' However, no studies have been done on how nurses and care workers perceive a therapeutic relationship with patients in terms of their emotional and mental health needs. In accordance with the research problem, the'purpose of the study was to explore and describe nurses' perceptions of facilitating a nurse-patient therapeutic relationship.

Methods: A quantitative, contextual and deductive study was conducted in three private general hospitals in Gauteng, South Africa with a purposive sample of 184 nurses and care workers. Based on the concepts of a therapeutic relationship, empathy, positive regard, genuineness, concreteness and self-exploration, nurses' perceptions of facilitating a therapeutic relationship were self-assessed on five point scales in a questionnaire. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and non-parametric statistical techniques. Specific hypotheses were tested to identify whether statistically significant differences existed between the perceptions of two or more categories of nurses.

Results: Results showed general insensitivity, lack of awareness and reflection'of nurses and care workers regarding the patients' emotional needs. When categories of nurses were compared, no statistically significant differences were found between the perceptions of various groups tested.

Conclusion: Previous training or experience was clearly not retained over time; therefore, all categories of nurses need to be equipped with the necessary self-awareness and interpersonal skills to facilitate a nurse-patient relationship with patients who have physical and mental health needs.

Keywords:
Perception; Therapeutic Relationship; Nurse
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013 ; 22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleNurses' Perceptions of Facilitating a Therapeutic Nurse-Patient Relationship in Private General Hospitals in South Africaen
dc.contributor.authorVan den Heever, Annalie E.en
dc.contributor.departmentTau Lambdaen
dc.author.detailsAnnalie E. Van den Heever, MCur (PsychNsg), BSocSci (Nsg) (Hons), annalie.vandenheever@wits.ac.zaen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/303912-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Wednesday, July 24, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b> Facilitation of a therapeutic relationship is an essential skill in nursing, particularly in mental health care. Nurses in private general hospitals are exposed to the emotional effects of physical illness as well as the increase in admission of patients with mental health needs. Poor nurse- patient relationships have been reported by patients'and'in the media. The researchers experienced incidents of an apparent lack of awareness during nurse-patient interactions while working in private general hospitals.' However, no studies have been done on how nurses and care workers perceive a therapeutic relationship with patients in terms of their emotional and mental health needs. In accordance with the research problem, the'purpose of the study was to explore and describe nurses' perceptions of facilitating a nurse-patient therapeutic relationship. <p><b>Methods: </b> A quantitative, contextual and deductive study was conducted in three private general hospitals in Gauteng, South Africa with a purposive sample of 184 nurses and care workers. Based on the concepts of a therapeutic relationship, empathy, positive regard, genuineness, concreteness and self-exploration, nurses' perceptions of facilitating a therapeutic relationship were self-assessed on five point scales in a questionnaire. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and non-parametric statistical techniques. Specific hypotheses were tested to identify whether statistically significant differences existed between the perceptions of two or more categories of nurses. <p><b>Results: </b> Results showed general insensitivity, lack of awareness and reflection'of nurses and care workers regarding the patients' emotional needs. When categories of nurses were compared, no statistically significant differences were found between the perceptions of various groups tested. <p><b>Conclusion: </b> Previous training or experience was clearly not retained over time; therefore, all categories of nurses need to be equipped with the necessary self-awareness and interpersonal skills to facilitate a nurse-patient relationship with patients who have physical and mental health needs.en
dc.subjectPerceptionen
dc.subjectTherapeutic Relationshipen
dc.subjectNurseen
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:25:43Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22en
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:25:43Z-
dc.conference.date2013en
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en
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