2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/303920
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Quality of Life Experienced by Military Burn Survivors
Author(s):
Yoder, Linda H.; Cancio, Leopoldo C.; McFall, D. Curk
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Delta Alpha
Author Details:
Linda H. Yoder, PhD, RN, MBA, PhD, AOCN, FAAN, lyoder@mail.nur.utexas.edu; Leopoldo C. Cancio, MD, FACS; D. Curk McFall, MSN, RN;
Abstract:

Session presented on: Tuesday, July 23, 2013

Purpose: There are few studies that examine the quality of life (QOL) of burn patients; no studies report longitudinal QOL among military burn survivors. The purpose of this study was to examine QOL as experienced by military burn survivors over time.

Methods: Seventy-eight participants were enrolled in this descriptive longitudinal study. Data were gathered at 5 time points: burn center discharge; 3, 6, 12, and 18 months post-discharge. The Burn Specific Health Scale-A (BSHS-A) and the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWL) were used; participants also completed demographic and clinical history forms. Data were analyzed using measures of central tendency, correlations, and ANOVA.

Results: The participants were primarily male (n=76), Army (74%), enlisted service members (96%) with an average age of 25 years; they had served in the military for an average of 62 months. Most were Caucasian (69%), had at least a high school education or GED (56%) with an annual income of $40,000 or less (78%), and 45% were married. They presented with thermal burns and polytrauma resulting from combat injuries and accidents with a mean total body surface area burned = 24%; average length of stay in the burn unit was 44 days (median =17 days). QOL significantly improved from burn center discharge to all other time points (P< .01-.0001). There were no significant changes in SWL over 18 months; however BSHS-A and SWL scores were significantly correlated at all time points (p< .0001).

Conclusion: These patients were relatively young and in good physical health prior to sustaining a burn injury. Participants’ QOL scores improved significantly from the time of discharge over 18 months but did not improve between time points after 3 months. SWL remained stable with scores slightly above a neutral rating. Understanding burn patients’ QOL allows for burn rehabilitation to be tailored to their needs.

Keywords:
Military; Quality of Life; Burns
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleQuality of Life Experienced by Military Burn Survivorsen_GB
dc.contributor.authorYoder, Linda H.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorCancio, Leopoldo C.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorMcFall, D. Curken_GB
dc.contributor.departmentDelta Alphaen_GB
dc.author.detailsLinda H. Yoder, PhD, RN, MBA, PhD, AOCN, FAAN, lyoder@mail.nur.utexas.edu; Leopoldo C. Cancio, MD, FACS; D. Curk McFall, MSN, RN;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/303920-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Tuesday, July 23, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b>There are few studies that examine the quality of life (QOL) of burn patients; no studies report longitudinal QOL among military burn survivors. The purpose of this study was to examine QOL as experienced by military burn survivors over time. <p><b>Methods: </b>Seventy-eight participants were enrolled in this descriptive longitudinal study. Data were gathered at 5 time points: burn center discharge; 3, 6, 12, and 18 months post-discharge. The Burn Specific Health Scale-A (BSHS-A) and the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWL) were used; participants also completed demographic and clinical history forms. Data were analyzed using measures of central tendency, correlations, and ANOVA. <p><b>Results: </b>The participants were primarily male (n=76), Army (74%), enlisted service members (96%) with an average age of 25 years; they had served in the military for an average of 62 months. Most were Caucasian (69%), had at least a high school education or GED (56%) with an annual income of $40,000 or less (78%), and 45% were married. They presented with thermal burns and polytrauma resulting from combat injuries and accidents with a mean total body surface area burned = 24%; average length of stay in the burn unit was 44 days (median =17 days). QOL significantly improved from burn center discharge to all other time points (P< .01-.0001). There were no significant changes in SWL over 18 months; however BSHS-A and SWL scores were significantly correlated at all time points (p< .0001). <p><b>Conclusion: </b>These patients were relatively young and in good physical health prior to sustaining a burn injury. Participants’ QOL scores improved significantly from the time of discharge over 18 months but did not improve between time points after 3 months. SWL remained stable with scores slightly above a neutral rating. Understanding burn patients’ QOL allows for burn rehabilitation to be tailored to their needs.en_GB
dc.subjectMilitaryen_GB
dc.subjectQuality of Lifeen_GB
dc.subjectBurnsen_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:25:53Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:25:53Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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