A Study of Coping Behavior During Blood Sampling and Comparison of Factors Among Children Aged 3–6 Years

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/303938
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
A Study of Coping Behavior During Blood Sampling and Comparison of Factors Among Children Aged 3–6 Years
Author(s):
Sato, Shiho; Saito, Miyuki; Suzuki, Eiko; Sato, Yukiko
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Shiho Sato, MS, s.shiho@med.id.yamagata-u.ac.jp; Miyuki Saito, PhD, RN, PHN; Eiko Suzuki, PhD; Yukiko Sato, PhD;
Abstract:

Poster presented on: Monday, July 22, 2013, Tuesday, July 23, 2013

Purpose: To assess coping behavior during blood sampling and comparison of factors among children aged 3–6 years.

Methods: Fifty-two children aged 3–6 years were observed during blood sampling, and their behavior was measured using the Manifest Upset and Cooperation Scales (Koseki, 1984). We compared the coping behavior during blood sampling with respect to age, sex, and explanations provided to these children prior to blood sampling. Permission was obtained from the ethical examination committee of the institution to which the researchers were affiliated.

Results: Consent was obtained from 59 of the 60 requested pairs of children, and data from 52 children were analyzed. The average age of the children (32 boys and 20 girls) was 4.3 ± 1.1 years, and all of them had undergone blood sampling previously. Explanations were provided to 37 children prior to blood sampling, whereas no explanations were provided to 15 children. To examine the coping behavior at the time of drawing blood, the median Manifest Upset score was 7.0 (3–15) and the median Cooperation score was 6.0 (3–15). In the comparison of factors, “Age” and “Explanation” were shown to influence coping behavior during blood sampling among children. However, the influence of sex was not significant. The 3-year-old children did not became calm effectively and were uncooperative compared with the 4- to 6-year-old children (p<0.05). The children to whom explanations were provided before blood sampling were cooperative and calm and were significantly older than those to whom no explanations were provided (p<0.05).

Conclusion: The present study suggests that medical staff need preparation prior to blood sampling for younger children. It is more important to give preparations to 3-year-olds than to the 4- to 6-years olds prior to blood sampling in order to promote coping behavior in them.

Keywords:
preparation; children; blood sampling
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleA Study of Coping Behavior During Blood Sampling and Comparison of Factors Among Children Aged 3–6 Yearsen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSato, Shihoen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSaito, Miyukien_GB
dc.contributor.authorSuzuki, Eikoen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSato, Yukikoen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen_GB
dc.author.detailsShiho Sato, MS, s.shiho@med.id.yamagata-u.ac.jp; Miyuki Saito, PhD, RN, PHN; Eiko Suzuki, PhD; Yukiko Sato, PhD;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/303938-
dc.description.abstract<p>Poster presented on: Monday, July 22, 2013, Tuesday, July 23, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b>To assess coping behavior during blood sampling and comparison of factors among children aged 3–6 years. <p><b>Methods: </b>Fifty-two children aged 3–6 years were observed during blood sampling, and their behavior was measured using the Manifest Upset and Cooperation Scales (Koseki, 1984). We compared the coping behavior during blood sampling with respect to age, sex, and explanations provided to these children prior to blood sampling. Permission was obtained from the ethical examination committee of the institution to which the researchers were affiliated. <p><b>Results: </b>Consent was obtained from 59 of the 60 requested pairs of children, and data from 52 children were analyzed. The average age of the children (32 boys and 20 girls) was 4.3 ± 1.1 years, and all of them had undergone blood sampling previously. Explanations were provided to 37 children prior to blood sampling, whereas no explanations were provided to 15 children. To examine the coping behavior at the time of drawing blood, the median Manifest Upset score was 7.0 (3–15) and the median Cooperation score was 6.0 (3–15). In the comparison of factors, “Age” and “Explanation” were shown to influence coping behavior during blood sampling among children. However, the influence of sex was not significant. The 3-year-old children did not became calm effectively and were uncooperative compared with the 4- to 6-year-old children (<i>p</i><0.05). The children to whom explanations were provided before blood sampling were cooperative and calm and were significantly older than those to whom no explanations were provided (<i>p</i><0.05). <p><b>Conclusion: </b>The present study suggests that medical staff need preparation prior to blood sampling for younger children. It is more important to give preparations to 3-year-olds than to the 4- to 6-years olds prior to blood sampling in order to promote coping behavior in them.en_GB
dc.subjectpreparationen_GB
dc.subjectchildrenen_GB
dc.subjectblood samplingen_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:26:15Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:26:15Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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