Nursing Research On Health Disparities and HIV Prevention: SEPA Intervention and Its Dissemination Among Diverse Hispanic Communities

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/303940
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Nursing Research On Health Disparities and HIV Prevention: SEPA Intervention and Its Dissemination Among Diverse Hispanic Communities
Author(s):
Peragallo, Nilda (Nena); Gonzalez, Rosa Maria; Cianelli, Rosina; Villegas, Natalia
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Beta Tau
Author Details:
Nilda (Nena) Peragallo, DrPH, RN, FAAN, nperagallo@miami.edu; Rosa Maria Gonzalez, RN, MSN, MPH; Rosina Cianelli, PhD, MPH, RN, FAAN; Natalia Villegas, PhD, MSN, RN;
Abstract:

Poster presented on: Wednesday, July 24, 2013, Thursday, July 25, 2013

Purpose: It is estimated that globally 34 million people live with HIV, with an estimated 2.5 million new cases and 1.7 million AIDS related. The feminization of HIV infection and the ethnic diversification of women have led to a call for the development and evaluation of culturally-specific HIV prevention strategies. The purpose of this presentation is to analyze the impact of SEPA intervention (Salud/Health, Educación/Education, Promoción/Promotion, y/and Autocuidado/self-care), an evidence based intervention on health disparities and HIV prevention, and to discuss its successful implementation in different settings and diverse Hispanic communities.

Methods: SEPA is an evidenced-based HIV risk reduction intervention initially designed for Mexican and Puerto Rican women in Chicago. In the first randomized controlled trial, 657 Hispanic women between 18 and 44 years old were assigned to SEPA or to a delayed-intervention control group. Women completed structured interviews at baseline and 3 and 6 months post-baseline. SEPA intervention was culturally tailored and consisted of six weekly sessions, two hours long. The groups were conducted in Spanish or English according to participants’ preference.

Results: SEPA intervention increased condom use and improved HIV knowledge, partner communication, risk-reduction behavioral intentions, and decreased perceived barriers to condom use. After this trial, SEPA was successfully adapted and implemented in different settings and diverse Hispanic communities, including: Mano a Mano, initiative for women and men in Chile (R01TW-03-007769-5; RO1 007674-5), DYVA, VIDA, I, STIPI, SEPA-O and SEPA II within El Centro (NIH/MCHMD P60MD002266). In addition, SEPA III an effectiveness trial is being implemented to reduce the gap between research and practice.

Conclusion: SEPA has contributed to nursing research on health disparities and HIV prevention by providing a culturally specific and evidence based intervention that is effective and that it can be implemented in different settings and different Hispanic populations. SEPA will be disseminated to diverse organizations for wide-scale use.

Keywords:
HIV prevention; Culturally-specific interventions; Hispanic women
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleNursing Research On Health Disparities and HIV Prevention: SEPA Intervention and Its Dissemination Among Diverse Hispanic Communitiesen_GB
dc.contributor.authorPeragallo, Nilda (Nena)en_GB
dc.contributor.authorGonzalez, Rosa Mariaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCianelli, Rosinaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorVillegas, Nataliaen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentBeta Tauen_GB
dc.author.detailsNilda (Nena) Peragallo, DrPH, RN, FAAN, nperagallo@miami.edu; Rosa Maria Gonzalez, RN, MSN, MPH; Rosina Cianelli, PhD, MPH, RN, FAAN; Natalia Villegas, PhD, MSN, RN;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/303940-
dc.description.abstract<p>Poster presented on: Wednesday, July 24, 2013, Thursday, July 25, 2013</p><b><b>Purpose: </b> </b>It is estimated that globally 34 million people live with HIV, with an estimated 2.5 million new cases and 1.7 million AIDS related. The feminization of HIV infection and the ethnic diversification of women have led to a call for the development and evaluation of culturally-specific HIV prevention strategies.<b> </b>The purpose of this presentation is to analyze the impact of SEPA intervention (Salud/Health, Educación/Education, Promoción/Promotion, y/and Autocuidado/self-care), an evidence based intervention on health disparities and HIV prevention, and to discuss its successful implementation in different settings and diverse Hispanic communities. <p><b><b>Methods: </b> </b>SEPA is an evidenced-based HIV risk reduction intervention initially designed for Mexican and Puerto Rican women in Chicago. In the first randomized controlled trial, 657 Hispanic women between 18 and 44 years old were assigned to SEPA or to a delayed-intervention control group. Women completed structured interviews at baseline and 3 and 6 months post-baseline. SEPA intervention was culturally tailored and consisted of six weekly sessions, two hours long. The groups were conducted in Spanish or English according to participants’ preference. <p><b><b>Results: </b></b>SEPA intervention increased condom use and improved HIV knowledge, partner communication, risk-reduction behavioral intentions, and decreased perceived barriers to condom use. After this trial, SEPA was successfully adapted and implemented in different settings and diverse Hispanic communities, including: Mano a Mano, initiative for women and men in Chile (R01TW-03-007769-5; RO1 007674-5), DYVA, VIDA, I, STIPI, SEPA-O and SEPA II within El Centro (NIH/MCHMD P60MD002266). In addition, SEPA III an effectiveness trial is being implemented to reduce the gap between research and practice. <p><b><b>Conclusion: </b></b> SEPA has contributed to nursing research on health disparities and HIV prevention by providing a culturally specific and evidence based intervention that is effective and that it can be implemented in different settings and different Hispanic populations. SEPA will be disseminated to diverse organizations for wide-scale use.en_GB
dc.subjectHIV preventionen_GB
dc.subjectCulturally-specific interventionsen_GB
dc.subjectHispanic womenen_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:26:17Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:26:17Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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