Evaluation and Measurement of Occupational Stress in Japanese Nurses with a Focus on Resilience

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/303970
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Evaluation and Measurement of Occupational Stress in Japanese Nurses with a Focus on Resilience
Author(s):
Koizumi, Hitomi; Saeki, Yuka; Kawano, Atsuko; Sankai, Chihoko
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Hitomi Koizumi, PhD, hkoizumi@md.tsukuba.ac.jp; Yuka Saeki, PhD; Atsuko Kawano, PhD; Chihoko Sankai, RNM, MA;
Abstract:

Poster presented on: Wednesday, July 24, 2013, Thursday, July 25, 2013

Purpose:

Nurses are exposed to a stressful working environment in Japanese hospitals. Although continuing efforts to improve work environments are necessary, we also believe that individual nurses need to develop the ability to adjust to occupational stress. Resilience is the ability to adjust to difficult circumstances to maintain or restore one’s mental health with help from others.

The aim of this study was to explore the association between resilience and occupational stress symptoms in female nurses to develop an intervention for the occupational stress experienced by this group.

Methods:

The study used a cross-sectional survey design. A self-administered anonymous questionnaire was distributed to 598 nurses in a general hospital in Japan. The survey included indicators from the Sukemune–Hiew Resilience (SHR) Test, the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire, and self-reported descriptions. All calculations were performed using SPSS for Windows ver. 19.0. Approval for this study was obtained from the institutional ethics committee at the University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan. The participating nurses did not need to sign consent forms as return of the questionnaire implied consent.

Results:

Total SHR score was 100.8 ± 11.96 (mean ± SD), and 36.0% of the participants scored within the normal range for the standardized categories. The mean score for each factor fell within the normal range: social support 50.0 ± 6.65, self-efficacy 33.6 ± 5.24, and social skills 17.2 ± 3.21. Participants with a higher total SHR score had a higher vigor score and lower depression scores.

Conclusion:

Enhancing resilience can be an effective countermeasure for stress, and we need to examine this possibility to increase resilience in nurses.

Keywords:
occupational stress; resilience; nurse
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleEvaluation and Measurement of Occupational Stress in Japanese Nurses with a Focus on Resilienceen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKoizumi, Hitomien_GB
dc.contributor.authorSaeki, Yukaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKawano, Atsukoen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSankai, Chihokoen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen_GB
dc.author.detailsHitomi Koizumi, PhD, hkoizumi@md.tsukuba.ac.jp; Yuka Saeki, PhD; Atsuko Kawano, PhD; Chihoko Sankai, RNM, MA;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/303970-
dc.description.abstract<p>Poster presented on: Wednesday, July 24, 2013, Thursday, July 25, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b> <p>Nurses are exposed to a stressful working environment in Japanese hospitals. Although continuing efforts to improve work environments are necessary, we also believe that individual nurses need to develop the ability to adjust to occupational stress. Resilience is the ability to adjust to difficult circumstances to maintain or restore one’s mental health with help from others. <p>The aim of this study was to explore the association between resilience and occupational stress symptoms in female nurses to develop an intervention for the occupational stress experienced by this group. <p><b>Methods: </b> <p>The study used a cross-sectional survey design. A self-administered anonymous questionnaire was distributed to 598 nurses in a general hospital in Japan. The survey included indicators from the Sukemune–Hiew Resilience (SHR) Test, the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire, and self-reported descriptions. All calculations were performed using SPSS for Windows ver. 19.0. Approval for this study was obtained from the institutional ethics committee at the University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan. The participating nurses did not need to sign consent forms as return of the questionnaire implied consent. <p><b>Results: </b> <p>Total SHR score was 100.8 ± 11.96 (mean ± SD), and 36.0% of the participants scored within the normal range for the standardized categories. The mean score for each factor fell within the normal range: social support 50.0 ± 6.65, self-efficacy 33.6 ± 5.24, and social skills 17.2 ± 3.21. Participants with a higher total SHR score had a higher vigor score and lower depression scores. <p><b>Conclusion: </b> <p align="left">Enhancing resilience can be an effective countermeasure for stress, and we need to examine this possibility to increase resilience in nurses.en_GB
dc.subjectoccupational stressen_GB
dc.subjectresilienceen_GB
dc.subjectnurseen_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:26:49Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:26:49Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.