Physical and Psychosocial Characteristics of Family Givers of Persons with Heart Failure

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/304049
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Physical and Psychosocial Characteristics of Family Givers of Persons with Heart Failure
Author(s):
Gary, Rebecca A.; Bauer-Wu, Susan; Dunbar, Sandra B.; Corwin, Elizabeth; Hepburn, Kenneth W.; Higgins, Melinda
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Rebecca A. Gary, RN, PhD, FAAN, FAHA, ragary@emory.edu; Susan Bauer-Wu, PhD, RN; Sandra B. Dunbar, RN, DSN, FAAN; Elizabeth Corwin, RN, PhD, FNP; Kenneth W. Hepburn, PhD; Melinda Higgins, PhD;
Abstract:

Session presented on: Wednesday, July 24, 2013

Purpose: Family caregivers (FCGs) of persons with heart failure (HF) are at high risk for poor physical and psychological function due to'stress'and limited time for'participation in routine physical activity.' The purpose of this descriptive study'was to identify physical and psychological factors that'heighten risk for poor health outcomes in'this FCG'population.

Methods: FCGs of persons with HF who completed baseline evaluation for an intervention study were included in data analysis.' Psychological outcomes included perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale [PSS]) and depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire 9 [PHQ 9]).'The Community Healthy Activities Model Program for Seniors [CHAMPS]), peak oxygen consumption (V02) and the six minute walk test [6MWT] were included as physical function outcomes.''

Results: Participants (n=90) with a mean age of 55 ' 11.5 who were predominately female (92%), Black (53%), overweight/obese with a mean body mass index (BMI) of 31 ' 7 participated.' The mean PSS score of 29 ' 4 (range, 21-38), indicating many FCGs perceived their stress level to be severe. Approximately one-fifth (n=19, 21%) were experiencing depressive symptoms.'''Considerable variability'was'present'in the physical function measures. CHAMPS' mean kilocalories expended per week in moderate levels in physical activity'were 1785 ' 648 (range, 0 - 25307).' The mean V02 of 30 ' 1 (range, 18-32) was'normal for cardiorespiratory fitness'in predominately female participants;'6MWT distance was 1239 ' 228 feet (range, 530 ' 1890),'indicating some participants had substantial physical limitation.

'Conclusion: The findings support that FCGs'perceive very high levels of stress and'experience depressive symptoms that are 2-3 times greater than in the general'population, placing them at'risk for poor health outcomes. Some FCGs'also have considerable physical'function impairment that may also'contribute to'additional health risks.' Future interventions'should'address psychological and physical outcomes to optimize FCG health.

Keywords:
stress; caregiving; physical function
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013 ; 22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryAbstracten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titlePhysical and Psychosocial Characteristics of Family Givers of Persons with Heart Failureen
dc.contributor.authorGary, Rebecca A.en
dc.contributor.authorBauer-Wu, Susanen
dc.contributor.authorDunbar, Sandra B.en
dc.contributor.authorCorwin, Elizabethen
dc.contributor.authorHepburn, Kenneth W.en
dc.contributor.authorHiggins, Melindaen
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsRebecca A. Gary, RN, PhD, FAAN, FAHA, ragary@emory.edu; Susan Bauer-Wu, PhD, RN; Sandra B. Dunbar, RN, DSN, FAAN; Elizabeth Corwin, RN, PhD, FNP; Kenneth W. Hepburn, PhD; Melinda Higgins, PhD;en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/304049-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Wednesday, July 24, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b>Family caregivers (FCGs) of persons with heart failure (HF) are at high risk for poor physical and psychological function due to'stress'and limited time for'participation in routine physical activity.' The purpose of this descriptive study'was to identify physical and psychological factors that'heighten risk for poor health outcomes in'this FCG'population. <p><b>Methods: </b>FCGs of persons with HF who completed baseline evaluation for an intervention study were included in data analysis.' Psychological outcomes included perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale [PSS]) and depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire 9 [PHQ 9]).'The Community Healthy Activities Model Program for Seniors [CHAMPS]), peak oxygen consumption (V0<sub>2</sub>) and the six minute walk test [6MWT] were included as physical function outcomes.'' <p><b>Results: </b>Participants (n=90) with a mean age of 55 ' 11.5 who were predominately female (92%), Black (53%), overweight/obese with a mean body mass index (BMI) of 31 ' 7 participated.' The mean PSS score of 29 ' 4 (range, 21-38), indicating many FCGs perceived their stress level to be severe. Approximately one-fifth (n=19, 21%) were experiencing depressive symptoms.'''Considerable variability'was'present'in the physical function measures. CHAMPS' mean kilocalories expended per week in moderate levels in physical activity'were 1785 ' 648 (range, 0 - 25307).' The mean V0<sub>2 </sub>of 30 ' 1 (range, 18-32) was'normal for cardiorespiratory fitness'in predominately female participants;'6MWT distance was 1239 ' 228 feet (range, 530 ' 1890),'indicating some participants had substantial physical limitation. <p>'<b>Conclusion: </b>The findings support that FCGs'perceive very high levels of stress and'experience depressive symptoms that are 2-3 times greater than in the general'population, placing them at'risk for poor health outcomes. Some FCGs'also have considerable physical'function impairment that may also'contribute to'additional health risks.' Future interventions'should'address psychological and physical outcomes to optimize FCG health.en
dc.subjectstressen
dc.subjectcaregivingen
dc.subjectphysical functionen
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:28:14Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22en
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:28:14Z-
dc.conference.date2013en
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en
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