A Pilot Study Testing Intrinsic Strength Factors as Predictors of Depression in the Hispanic Population with Cardiovascular Disease

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/304069
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Poster
Level of Evidence:
Observational Study
Research Approach:
Quantitative Research
Title:
A Pilot Study Testing Intrinsic Strength Factors as Predictors of Depression in the Hispanic Population with Cardiovascular Disease
Author(s):
Smith, Claudia DiSabatino; Bayles, Aaron L.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Zeta Pi
Author Details:
Claudia DiSabatino Smith, PhD, RN, NE-BC, csmith1@sleh.com; Aaron L. Bayles, MSN, RN;
Abstract:

Poster presented on: Monday, July 22, 2013, Tuesday, July 23, 2013

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to determine if there is a relationship between self-reported levels of resilience, mastery, and depression scores in Hispanic patients with cardiovascular disease and to study depression screening tools specific to Hispanic patient populations with cardiovascular disease.

Methods: Sample size n=63. Leininger’s Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality was the conceptual framework for this non-experimental, non-randomized pilot study conducted by a bilingual research team. The Resilience Scale (Wagnild, 2009), Mastery Scale (Pearlin & Schooler, 1978), and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (Spitzer, Williams, Kroenke, 1999) comprised the data collection methodology.

Results: Odds ratios suggest that, when using the Spanish tool, major depression is 7.8 times more likely to be determined if a Mastery Scale score < 34 is obtained , than if a Master Scale score > 34 is obtained (p=0.009).  Similar analysis suggests that , using the English tool, major depression is 12 times greater if a Resilience Scale score of < 142 is obtained, than if a Resilience Scale score > 142 is obtained (p=0.027).  As expected, therefore, both the Mastery Scale and Resilience Scale are inversely correlated to depression.

Conclusion: The Mastery Scale is a good predictor of the level of depression in Spanish-speaking Hispanics, but not in the English-speaking group. The Resilience Scale is not a good predictor of the level of depression in Spanish-speaking Hispanics, but is effective in the English-speaking group. Results continue to validate use of the English resilience scale but there is difficulty translating it into another language due to varying dialects, nuances, and word connotations within the multiple Hispanic cultures from different countries.  Research implications include study replication using a larger sample of Mexican-American participants and a focus on where the majority of their childhood was spent, instead of where they lived most of their life.

Keywords:
Depression; Hispanics; Cardiovascular surgery patients
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePosteren_GB
dc.evidence.levelObservational Studyen
dc.research.approachQuantitative Researchen
dc.titleA Pilot Study Testing Intrinsic Strength Factors as Predictors of Depression in the Hispanic Population with Cardiovascular Diseaseen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Claudia DiSabatinoen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBayles, Aaron L.en_GB
dc.contributor.departmentZeta Pien_GB
dc.author.detailsClaudia DiSabatino Smith, PhD, RN, NE-BC, csmith1@sleh.com; Aaron L. Bayles, MSN, RN;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/304069-
dc.description.abstract<p>Poster presented on: Monday, July 22, 2013, Tuesday, July 23, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b>The purpose of the study was to determine if there is a relationship between self-reported levels of resilience, mastery, and depression scores in Hispanic patients with cardiovascular disease and to study depression screening tools specific to Hispanic patient populations with cardiovascular disease. <p><b>Methods: </b>Sample size n=63. Leininger’s Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality was the conceptual framework for this non-experimental, non-randomized pilot study conducted by a bilingual research team. The Resilience Scale (Wagnild, 2009), Mastery Scale (Pearlin & Schooler, 1978), and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (Spitzer, Williams, Kroenke, 1999) comprised the data collection methodology. <p><b>Results: </b>Odds ratios suggest that, when using the Spanish tool, major depression is 7.8 times more likely to be determined if a Mastery Scale score < 34 is obtained , than if a Master Scale score > 34 is obtained (p=0.009).  Similar analysis suggests that , using the English tool, major depression is 12 times greater if a Resilience Scale score of < 142 is obtained, than if a Resilience Scale score > 142 is obtained (p=0.027).  As expected, therefore, both the Mastery Scale and Resilience Scale are inversely correlated to depression. <p><b>Conclusion: </b>The Mastery Scale is a good predictor of the level of depression in Spanish-speaking Hispanics, but not in the English-speaking group. The Resilience Scale is not a good predictor of the level of depression in Spanish-speaking Hispanics, but is effective in the English-speaking group. Results continue to validate use of the English resilience scale but there is difficulty translating it into another language due to varying dialects, nuances, and word connotations within the multiple Hispanic cultures from different countries.  Research implications include study replication using a larger sample of Mexican-American participants and a focus on where the majority of their childhood was spent, instead of where they lived most of their life.en_GB
dc.subjectDepressionen_GB
dc.subjectHispanicsen_GB
dc.subjectCardiovascular surgery patientsen_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:28:38Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:28:38Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
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