Comparison of OLS Regression and Quantile Regression on Factors Affecting Cultural Competency of General Hospital Nurses

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/304114
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Comparison of OLS Regression and Quantile Regression on Factors Affecting Cultural Competency of General Hospital Nurses
Author(s):
Park, Yun-Hee; Lee, Chung Yul
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Yun-Hee Park, MPH, RN, yhpark@gmail.com; Chung Yul Lee, PhD, RN;
Abstract:

Poster presented on: Wednesday, July 24, 2013, Thursday, July 25, 2013

Purpose:

 The Purpose of this descriptive study was to examine the factors that contribute to the level of cultural competency and how various factors impact different quantiles of the cultural competency distribution.

Methods:

 A convenience sample of 327 nurses from general hospitals in the Seoul metropolitan area was recruited by using a self-reporting questionnaire.  The cultural competency was measured using the Korean version of the Caffrey Cultural Competence in Healthcare Scale (CCCHS) and Cultural Competence Assessment (CCA). Using the STATA software package, OLS (Original Least Square) Regression and quantile Regression analysis were used to know how various factors impact on different quantiles of the cultural competency distribution.

Results:

 OLS regression analysis showed that cultural competency was affected by cultural experience; participating in foreign language classes (p=.004), working with foreign professionals (p=.01) and language fluency ( p=.019) and insufficient job control (p<.001) among job stress variables. By using quantile regression, cultural experience variable was constantly associated with the cultural competency level at different 3 quantile (25, 50, 75). Job stress with cultural experience variable was associated with the cultural competency level at 50 quantile. The coefficients of experience of participating in foreign language classes among cultural experience variables increased gradually according to level of quantiles; 7 in the 25 quantile, 9 in the 50 quantile, and 10 in the 75 quantile.

Conclusion:  

While OLS regression can identify the factors influencing cultural competency, Quantile regression enables researchers estimating heterogeneous effect in different levels of cultural competency. This study suggests that interventions to strengthen cultural competency for the 50 quantile group should include consideration of job stress. In addition, it is advisable that policy considerations which expands of taking foreign language classes to improve the cultural competency level.

Keywords:
nurses; Cultural competency; quantile regression
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleComparison of OLS Regression and Quantile Regression on Factors Affecting Cultural Competency of General Hospital Nursesen_GB
dc.contributor.authorPark, Yun-Heeen_GB
dc.contributor.authorLee, Chung Yulen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen_GB
dc.author.detailsYun-Hee Park, MPH, RN, yhpark@gmail.com; Chung Yul Lee, PhD, RN;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/304114-
dc.description.abstract<p>Poster presented on: Wednesday, July 24, 2013, Thursday, July 25, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b> <p> The <b>Purpose</b> of this descriptive study was to examine the factors that contribute to the level of cultural competency and how various factors impact different quantiles of the cultural competency distribution. <p><b>Methods: </b> <p> A convenience sample of 327 nurses from general hospitals in the Seoul metropolitan area was recruited by using a self-reporting questionnaire.  The cultural competency was measured using the Korean version of the Caffrey Cultural Competence in Healthcare Scale (CCCHS) and Cultural Competence Assessment (CCA). Using the STATA software package, OLS (Original Least Square) Regression and quantile Regression analysis were used to know how various factors impact on different quantiles of the cultural competency distribution. <p><b>Results: </b> <p> OLS regression analysis showed that cultural competency was affected by cultural experience; participating in foreign language classes (p=.004), working with foreign professionals (p=.01) and language fluency ( p=.019) and insufficient job control (p<.001) among job stress variables. By using quantile regression, cultural experience variable was constantly associated with the cultural competency level at different 3 quantile (25, 50, 75). Job stress with cultural experience variable was associated with the cultural competency level at 50 quantile. The coefficients of experience of participating in foreign language classes among cultural experience variables increased gradually according to level of quantiles; 7 in the 25 quantile, 9 in the 50 quantile, and 10 in the 75 quantile. <p><b>Conclusion: </b>  <p class="a"><span lang="EN-US">While OLS regression can identify the factors influencing cultural competency, Quantile regression enables researchers estimating heterogeneous effect in different levels of cultural competency. This study suggests that interventions to strengthen cultural competency for the 50 quantile group should include consideration of job stress. In addition, it is advisable that policy considerations which expands of taking foreign language classes to improve the cultural competency level.</span>en_GB
dc.subjectnursesen_GB
dc.subjectCultural competencyen_GB
dc.subjectquantile regressionen_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:29:21Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:29:21Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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