Entrepreneurship, Business Motivation and Strategies for Educational Development of Entrepreneurial Behavior: Profile of Portuguese Students of High Education

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/304126
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Entrepreneurship, Business Motivation and Strategies for Educational Development of Entrepreneurial Behavior: Profile of Portuguese Students of High Education
Author(s):
Parreira, Pedro Miguel; Brito, Nuno; Pereira, Francisco Jos' Costa
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Pedro Miguel Parreira, PhD, pedromiguel.parreira@gmail.com; Nuno Brito, PhD; Francisco Jos' Costa Pereira, PhD;
Abstract:

Session presented on: Monday, July 22, 2013

Purpose: Within the scope of the largest Portuguese business ideas competition - 'Poliempreende'-, this research study aimed to identify the entrepreneurial profile of the Polytechnic Higher Education student.

Methods: A quantitative cross-sectional study was conducted. An instrument was designed by a panel of experts within the scope of the national program POLIEMPREENDE, which promotes entrepreneurship. It was based on a questionnaire about the motives, the social and environmental influences and the support for the creation of businesses developed by the Society for Associated Researchers on International Entrepreneurship (SARIE) with contributions from theoreticians such as Aldrich, Rozen and Woodward (1987), Baumol (1985), Shapero & Sokol (1982), the business reasons by McClelland (1961), and the studies by Pereira (2001). The nonprobability stratified sample was composed of 6532 undergraduate students of seventeen Portuguese Polytechnic Higher Education institutions from the four years of the degree who were divided into four scientific areas (Health, Technologies, Management, and Social Sciences). '

Results: Results show that 32.4% of students want to be self-employed, 60.9% are highly motivated to engage in an entrepreneurial activity on their own, and 60.0% have concrete ideas to start a business. As for business influences, students reject the influence of Social and Economic Instability, showing that they are poorly prepared to deal with a competitive society and an open market. Most students look for safety in 'Availability of Resources, 'Having Stable Clients' and 'Incentives'.'In terms of business motivations, four major groups were found: Idealist Students (37%), Skeptic Students (13%), Students Established in Life (18%) and Disappointed Students (32%).

Conclusion: Students are highly motivated to start their own business, and this motivation grows during the undergraduate degree. However, they are poorly prepared by their undergraduate degrees.Thus, it is urgent to invest in entrepreneurship training through the creation of curricular units and the development of programmes and structures to promote entrepreneurship.

Keywords:
students high education; entrepreneurship competencies
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013 ; 22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryAbstracten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleEntrepreneurship, Business Motivation and Strategies for Educational Development of Entrepreneurial Behavior: Profile of Portuguese Students of High Educationen
dc.contributor.authorParreira, Pedro Miguelen
dc.contributor.authorBrito, Nunoen
dc.contributor.authorPereira, Francisco Jos' Costaen
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsPedro Miguel Parreira, PhD, pedromiguel.parreira@gmail.com; Nuno Brito, PhD; Francisco Jos' Costa Pereira, PhD;en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/304126-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Monday, July 22, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b>Within the scope of the largest Portuguese business ideas competition - 'Poliempreende'-, this research study aimed to identify the entrepreneurial profile of the Polytechnic Higher Education student. <p><b>Methods: </b>A quantitative cross-sectional study was conducted. An instrument was designed by a panel of experts within the scope of the national program POLIEMPREENDE, which promotes entrepreneurship. It was based on a questionnaire about the motives, the social and environmental influences and the support for the creation of businesses developed by the Society for Associated Researchers on International Entrepreneurship (SARIE) with contributions from theoreticians such as Aldrich, Rozen and Woodward (1987), Baumol (1985), Shapero & Sokol (1982), the business reasons by McClelland (1961), and the studies by Pereira (2001). The nonprobability stratified sample was composed of 6532 undergraduate students of seventeen Portuguese Polytechnic Higher Education institutions from the four years of the degree who were divided into four scientific areas (Health, Technologies, Management, and Social Sciences). ' <p><b>Results: </b> Results show that 32.4% of students want to be self-employed, 60.9% are highly motivated to engage in an entrepreneurial activity on their own, and 60.0% have concrete ideas to start a business. As for business influences, students reject the influence of Social and Economic Instability, showing that they are poorly prepared to deal with a competitive society and an open market. Most students look for safety in 'Availability of Resources, 'Having Stable Clients' and 'Incentives'.'In terms of business motivations, four major groups were found: Idealist Students (37%), Skeptic Students (13%), Students Established in Life (18%) and Disappointed Students (32%). <p><b>Conclusion: </b>Students are highly motivated to start their own business, and this motivation grows during the undergraduate degree. However, they are poorly prepared by their undergraduate degrees.Thus, it is urgent to invest in entrepreneurship training through the creation of curricular units and the development of programmes and structures to promote entrepreneurship.en
dc.subjectstudents high educationen
dc.subjectentrepreneurship competenciesen
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:29:39Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22en
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:29:39Z-
dc.conference.date2013en
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en
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