The Impact of Self-Efficacy Intervention on Breast-Feeding Outcomes in Taiwan

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/304148
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Impact of Self-Efficacy Intervention on Breast-Feeding Outcomes in Taiwan
Author(s):
Pan, I-Ju
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
I-Ju Pan, PhD, RN, ijpan@isu.edu.tw
Abstract:

Poster presented on: Thursday, July 25, 2013, Wednesday, July 24, 2013

Purpose:

 In Taiwan, actual breastfeeding rates fall short of 6 months recommendation duration. only 33% of infants are breastfed at 1 month, decreasing to 17% by 4 months and 13% by 6 months. 

The study aimed to encourage the mothers’ self-efficacy through an intervention based on self-efficacy theory in order to improve their breastfeeding duration at least 3 months.

Methods:

 A longitudinal quasi-experimental design using pre- and post-tests with intervention and control groups was selected for the study. A total 80 mothers were invited to participate randomized into either experimental group or control group. Both groups received usual care during hospitalization but the experimental group received a scheduled telephone interviews after discharge from hospitals. Both groups will have a pre-test before discharge from hospital, a post-test at 1 month, 2 months, and 3 months. Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale (BSES)were used to measure breastfeeding confidence.

Results:

 The repeat measures ANOVA revealed no interaction effect for time by group (F (3,44)= .71, p=.55). Similarly, there was no significant main effect for time (F (3,44)= .20, p=.90) or for group (F (1,22)= .27, p=.60).These results revealed that mothers’ breastfeeding confidence did not differ between the two groups of mothers. In addition, there was no change in breastfeeding self-efficacy following the completion of breastfeeding self-efficacy approach.

Conclusion:

Although not a statistically significant difference, there are 23 out of 40 mothers in experimental group still having breastfeeding compared to 1 out of 39 mothers in control group in the third month. Therefore, A self-efficacy based approach to breastfeeding health education holds promise as an effective intervention approach.Integrating self-efficacy enhancing strategies may increase a new mother’s confidence in her ability to breastfeed and to persevere if she does encounter difficulties.

Keywords:
self-efficacy; breast-feeding
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Impact of Self-Efficacy Intervention on Breast-Feeding Outcomes in Taiwanen_GB
dc.contributor.authorPan, I-Juen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen_GB
dc.author.detailsI-Ju Pan, PhD, RN, ijpan@isu.edu.twen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/304148-
dc.description.abstract<p>Poster presented on: Thursday, July 25, 2013, Wednesday, July 24, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b> <p> In Taiwan, actual breastfeeding rates fall short of 6 months recommendation duration. only 33% of infants are breastfed at 1 month, decreasing to 17% by 4 months and 13% by 6 months.  <p>The study aimed to encourage the mothers’ self-efficacy through an intervention based on self-efficacy theory in order to improve their breastfeeding duration at least 3 months. <p><b>Methods: </b> <p> A longitudinal quasi-experimental design using pre- and post-tests with intervention and control groups was selected for the study. A total 80 mothers were invited to participate randomized into either experimental group or control group. Both groups received usual care during hospitalization but the experimental group received a scheduled telephone interviews after discharge from hospitals. Both groups will have a pre-test before discharge from hospital, a post-test at 1 month, 2 months, and 3 months. Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale (BSES)were used to measure breastfeeding confidence. <p><b>Results: </b> <p> The repeat measures ANOVA revealed no interaction effect for time by group (F (3,44)= .71, p=.55). Similarly, there was no significant main effect for time (F (3,44)= .20, p=.90) or for group (F (1,22)= .27, p=.60).These results revealed that mothers’ breastfeeding confidence did not differ between the two groups of mothers. In addition, there was no change in breastfeeding self-efficacy following the completion of breastfeeding self-efficacy approach. <p><b>Conclusion: </b> <p>Although not a statistically significant difference, there are 23 out of 40 mothers in experimental group still having breastfeeding compared to 1 out of 39 mothers in control group in the third month. Therefore, A self-efficacy based approach to breastfeeding health education holds promise as an effective intervention approach.Integrating self-efficacy enhancing strategies may increase a new mother’s confidence in her ability to breastfeed and to persevere if she does encounter difficulties.en_GB
dc.subjectself-efficacyen_GB
dc.subjectbreast-feedingen_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:30:00Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:30:00Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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