Predictors of Violent Behavior on School Property: Analysis of 2009 Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/304162
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Predictors of Violent Behavior on School Property: Analysis of 2009 Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data
Author(s):
Thorlton, Janet
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Alpha Lambda
Author Details:
Janet Thorlton, PhD, MS, RN, jthorlto@purdue.edu
Abstract:

Session presented on: Thursday, July 25, 2013

Purpose:

The purpose of this project was to better understand predictors of violent behavior on school property, using the Centers for Disease Control 2009 Youth Risk Behavior Survey data (n=16,410). It was hypothesized that use of performance enhancing substances (PES) would increase risk for violent behavior occurrence (i.e., carrying a weapon, fighting) on school property.

Methods:

Social Cognitive Theory guided identification of factors contributing to violent behaviors at school. Relationships were examined, using descriptive statistics and bivariate analyses for each violent behavior. 'Structural equation modeling (SEM) was performed to assess the model underlying the hypothesis and to investigate interrelationships among violent behaviors and other predictor variables. One latent response variable was represented by two dependent variables (i.e., carried weapon, and fighting on school property). The fit of the model was assessed according to model specification, testing fit, estimation, respecification. SAS 9.2 was used to account for the complex sample design; PRO CALIS was used to perform SEM.

Results:

Approximately 11% of adolescents reported being in a fight and 5 % carried a weapon on school property; highest rates occurring in males. The structural model provided acceptable levels of model fit: X2=1483.73, df=61, p<.001; GFI = 0.986; RMSEA = 0.040 (90% CI = 0.039-0.042); CFI= 0.957 and NNFI = 0.925.' All indicators loaded significantly on their respective factors (p<.001).'

Conclusion:

This study considered PES use as a risk for violent behavior, using a large national sample of adolescents. Violent behaviors occurring on school property contribute to adolescent morbidity and mortality, and may be preventable. The use of existing nationally representative data allows findings to be translated into practice faster than could be achieved with primary data collection.' The findings from this study provide evidence of the need for additional studies involving adolescents who are at risk for participating in violent behaviors.

Keywords:
performance enhancing substances; Youth Risk Behavior Survey; violent behavior
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013 ; 22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titlePredictors of Violent Behavior on School Property: Analysis of 2009 Youth Risk Behavior Survey Dataen
dc.contributor.authorThorlton, Janeten
dc.contributor.departmentAlpha Lambdaen
dc.author.detailsJanet Thorlton, PhD, MS, RN, jthorlto@purdue.eduen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/304162-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Thursday, July 25, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b> <p>The purpose of this project was to better understand predictors of violent behavior on school property, using the Centers for Disease Control<i> 2009 Youth Risk Behavior Survey</i> data (n=16,410). It was hypothesized that use of performance enhancing substances (PES) would increase risk for violent behavior occurrence (i.e., carrying a weapon, fighting) on school property. <p><b>Methods: </b> <p class="CM68"><i></i><i>Social Cognitive Theory</i> guided identification of factors contributing to violent behaviors at school. Relationships were examined, using descriptive statistics and bivariate analyses for each violent behavior. 'Structural equation modeling (SEM) was performed to assess the model underlying the hypothesis and to investigate interrelationships among violent behaviors and other predictor variables. One latent response variable was represented by two dependent variables (i.e., carried weapon, and fighting on school property). The fit of the model was assessed according to model specification, testing fit, estimation, respecification. SAS 9.2 was used to account for the complex sample design; PRO CALIS was used to perform SEM. <p><b>Results: </b> <p>Approximately 11% of adolescents reported being in a fight and 5 % carried a weapon on school property; highest rates occurring in males. The structural model provided acceptable levels of model fit: X<sup>2</sup>=1483.73, df=61, p<.001; GFI = 0.986; RMSEA = 0.040 (90% CI = 0.039-0.042); CFI= 0.957 and NNFI = 0.925.' All indicators loaded significantly on their respective factors (p<.001).' <p><b>Conclusion: </b> <p>This study considered PES use as a risk for violent behavior, using a large national sample of adolescents. Violent behaviors occurring on school property contribute to adolescent morbidity and mortality, and may be preventable. The use of existing nationally representative data allows findings to be translated into practice faster than could be achieved with primary data collection.' The findings from this study provide evidence of the need for additional studies involving adolescents who are at risk for participating in violent behaviors.en
dc.subjectperformance enhancing substancesen
dc.subjectYouth Risk Behavior Surveyen
dc.subjectviolent behavioren
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:30:19Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22en
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:30:19Z-
dc.conference.date2013en
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en
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