2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/304218
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Supporting Underserved Pregnant Women Through Smoking Cessation
Author(s):
Kessler, Theresa A.; Alverson, Elise M.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Zeta Epsilon
Author Details:
Theresa A. Kessler, PhD, RN, ACNS-BC, CNE, terry.kessler@valpo.edu; Elise M. Alverson, DNP, RN, FNP-BC, CNE;
Abstract:

Poster presented on: Monday, July 22, 2013, Tuesday, July 23, 2013

Purpose: Despite efforts to warn women about the hazards of smoking, underserved pregnant women continue to smoke. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess smoking behaviors and support smoking cessation in underserved pregnant women.

Methods: Using a longitudinal design, women were recruited from a community prenatal center. Interventions were developed based on the Transtheoretical model and were designed to support the subjects’ movement along the stages of change. Subjects willing to quit were given a smoking cessation “quit kit”. For subjects not contemplating smoking cessation, information about the harmful effects of smoking was distributed to encourage movement towards quitting. Subjects who were smoking were followed throughout their pregnancy and up to one year after delivery.

Results: Subjects (N = 135) ranged in age from 18 to 41. 71% were single, and 63% had household incomes < $20,000 per year. Subjects were primarily African American (40%). 56% had previously smoked, and 35% were self-identified as current smokers. For those women continuing to smoke (n = 28), 6 were not considering quitting (pre-contemplation), 15 intended to quit (contemplation), and 5 had an action plan (preparation). Six weeks post-delivery (n = 12), one woman quit smoking and the others were planning to quit. Six months post-delivery (n = 7), two women quit smoking and the remaining smokers were planning to quit. One year post-delivery (n = 9), one woman quit smoking and of the remaining smokers only six planned to quit.

Conclusion: Results will add to the growing body of evidence about smoking patterns of underserved pregnant women and factors that help maintain smoking cessation.

Keywords:
pregnancy; smoking cessation
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleSupporting Underserved Pregnant Women Through Smoking Cessationen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKessler, Theresa A.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorAlverson, Elise M.en_GB
dc.contributor.departmentZeta Epsilonen_GB
dc.author.detailsTheresa A. Kessler, PhD, RN, ACNS-BC, CNE, terry.kessler@valpo.edu; Elise M. Alverson, DNP, RN, FNP-BC, CNE;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/304218-
dc.description.abstract<p>Poster presented on: Monday, July 22, 2013, Tuesday, July 23, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b>Despite efforts to warn women about the hazards of smoking, underserved pregnant women continue to smoke. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess smoking behaviors and support smoking cessation in underserved pregnant women. <p><b>Methods: </b>Using a longitudinal design, women were recruited from a community prenatal center. Interventions were developed based on the Transtheoretical model and were designed to support the subjects’ movement along the stages of change. Subjects willing to quit were given a smoking cessation “quit kit”. For subjects not contemplating smoking cessation, information about the harmful effects of smoking was distributed to encourage movement towards quitting. Subjects who were smoking were followed throughout their pregnancy and up to one year after delivery. <p><b>Results: </b>Subjects (<i>N</i> = 135) ranged in age from<b> </b>18 to 41. 71% were single, and 63% had household incomes < $20,000 per year. Subjects were primarily African American (40%). 56% had previously smoked, and 35% were self-identified as current smokers. For those women continuing to smoke (<i>n </i>= 28), 6 were not considering quitting (pre-contemplation), 15 intended to quit (contemplation), and 5 had an action plan (preparation). Six weeks post-delivery (<i>n</i> = 12), one woman quit smoking and the others were planning to quit. Six months post-delivery (<i>n</i> = 7), two women quit smoking and the remaining smokers were planning to quit. One year post-delivery (<i>n</i> = 9), one woman quit smoking and of the remaining smokers only six planned to quit. <p><b>Conclusion: </b>Results will add to the growing body of evidence about smoking patterns of underserved pregnant women and factors that help maintain smoking cessation.en_GB
dc.subjectpregnancyen_GB
dc.subjectsmoking cessationen_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:31:25Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:31:25Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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