Evaluation of the Efficacy of Nursing Orientation to Reduce the Anxiety of Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome Undergoing Bed Bath

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/304310
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Evaluation of the Efficacy of Nursing Orientation to Reduce the Anxiety of Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome Undergoing Bed Bath
Author(s):
Barros, Alba Lucia Bottura Leite de; Lopes, Juliana de Lima; Nogueira-Martins, Luiz Antônio
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Alba Lucia Bottura Leite de Barros, PhD, albaluciabb@hotmail.com; Juliana de Lima Lopes, RN; Luiz Antônio Nogueira-Martins, PhD;
Abstract:

Session presented on: Wednesday, July 24, 2013

Purpose: The objectives were to evaluate the efficacy of nursing orientation to reduce the anxiety of patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing bed bath; the development and validation of an informative manual concerning bed bath; correlation of physiological variables with the patients’ state anxiety; correlation of antecedent variables with the patients’ state anxiety.

Methods: This randomized clinical trial study. The first phase comprised the development and validation of an informative manual by nurses and patients. The study’s second phase comprised assessment of the efficacy of nursing orientation to reduce the anxiety of patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing bed baths. The sample population was composed of 120 patients with acute coronary syndrome hospitalized in coronary care units divided into two groups: control group and the intervention group. The STAI-state was used to assess anxiety. It was applied immediately after informing the patients about the bed bath, immediately after orientation or unit’s routine information, and immediately after the bath.

Results: In the first phase were required four rounds to obtain consensus among nurses and one round to obtain consensus among patients. We observed in the second phase that nursing orientation was effective to reduce anxiety of the patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing bed bath (p<0.001). No correlation was found between anxiety and the physiological variables in any of the tree evaluations. The variables that correlated with state anxiety were: stress (p=0.016), depression (p<0.001), obesity (p=0.024), trait anxiety (p=0.012), fear (p=0.001), and embarrassment (p<0.001). Logistic regression revealed that depression (OR=17.218, p<0.001) and embarassment (OR=2.772, p<0.001) were independently associated with state anxiety.

Conclusion: The conclusion is that nursing orientation is efficient to reduce the anxiety of patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing bed bath. The results also revealed that the variables associated with anxiety were stress, obesity, trait anxiety, fear, especially depression and embarassment, while physiological variables were not correlated with the patients’ state anxiety.

Keywords:
Baths; education; Anxiety
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleEvaluation of the Efficacy of Nursing Orientation to Reduce the Anxiety of Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome Undergoing Bed Bathen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBarros, Alba Lucia Bottura Leite deen_GB
dc.contributor.authorLopes, Juliana de Limaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorNogueira-Martins, Luiz Antônioen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen_GB
dc.author.detailsAlba Lucia Bottura Leite de Barros, PhD, albaluciabb@hotmail.com; Juliana de Lima Lopes, RN; Luiz Antônio Nogueira-Martins, PhD;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/304310-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Wednesday, July 24, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b>The objectives were to evaluate the efficacy of nursing orientation to reduce the anxiety of patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing bed bath; the development and validation of an informative manual concerning bed bath; correlation of physiological variables with the patients’ state anxiety; correlation of antecedent variables with the patients’ state anxiety. <p><b>Methods: </b>This randomized clinical trial study. The first phase comprised the development and validation of an informative manual by nurses and patients. The study’s second phase comprised assessment of the efficacy of nursing orientation to reduce the anxiety of patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing bed baths. The sample population was composed of 120 patients with acute coronary syndrome hospitalized in coronary care units divided into two groups: control group and the intervention group. The STAI-state was used to assess anxiety. It was applied immediately after informing the patients about the bed bath, immediately after orientation or unit’s routine information, and immediately after the bath. <p><b>Results: </b>In the first phase were required four rounds to obtain consensus among nurses and one round to obtain consensus among patients. We observed in the second phase that nursing orientation was effective to reduce anxiety of the patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing bed bath (p<0.001). No correlation was found between anxiety and the physiological variables in any of the tree evaluations. The variables that correlated with state anxiety were: stress (p=0.016), depression (p<0.001), obesity (p=0.024), trait anxiety (p=0.012), fear (p=0.001), and embarrassment (p<0.001). Logistic regression revealed that depression (OR=17.218, p<0.001) and embarassment (OR=2.772, p<0.001) were independently associated with state anxiety. <p><b>Conclusion: </b>The conclusion is that nursing orientation is efficient to reduce the anxiety of patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing bed bath. The results also revealed that the variables associated with anxiety were stress, obesity, trait anxiety, fear, especially depression and embarassment, while physiological variables were not correlated with the patients’ state anxiety.en_GB
dc.subjectBathsen_GB
dc.subjecteducationen_GB
dc.subjectAnxietyen_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:33:18Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:33:18Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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