The Use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to Assess Teen Births in the Community: One City Experience

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/304371
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to Assess Teen Births in the Community: One City Experience
Author(s):
Koren, Ainat; Brewin, Dorothy
Author Details:
Ainat Koren, RN, PhD, ainat_koren@uml.edu; Dorothy Brewin, CNM, PhD;
Abstract:

Poster presented on: Thursday, July 25, 2013, Wednesday, July 24, 2013

Purpose: The Geographic information System (GIS) is used to analyze, and visualize spatial data and their attributes. The power of GIS is its ability to identify relationships among features on different map layers based on where they are located in relationship to one another. GIS is an analytical method for public health. Its applications are beneficial for effective health status assessment, health planning, program evaluation, and surveillance. The purpose of this research is to apply the GIS to enhance our understanding of teen pregnancy related to services and other demographic variables in a western Massachusetts city in the US.

Methods: For the mapping purposes, aggregate census block group level city data of birth rate/counts for females ages 15-19 was obtained from vital records.  In addition, block group level population data for the city was downloaded from U.S Census Bureau, Census 2010. This population data included race/ethnicity, income, poverty status, and education. Data about health and social services locations in the city was collected and coded for teen empowerment, reproductive health clinics including pregnancy prevention services and service support for young parents. The data was, organized, and managed in ArcCatalog –data management tool in ArcGIS 9.2 for use in geocoding and map creation in ArcMap. 

Results: The mapping identified geographic disparities in services. Services are located in the center of the city leaving many areas without access.  Teen birth rate was visually associated in areas with high poverty rate, low education and high minority concentration.

Conclusion: GIS mapping is an important tool to assess teen births. The findings identify gaps and opportunities and inform recommendations such as service planning, identification of high-risk population and their geographic location.

Keywords:
GIS mapping; Health Assesment; Reproductive health
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to Assess Teen Births in the Community: One City Experienceen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKoren, Ainaten_GB
dc.contributor.authorBrewin, Dorothyen_GB
dc.author.detailsAinat Koren, RN, PhD, ainat_koren@uml.edu; Dorothy Brewin, CNM, PhD;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/304371-
dc.description.abstract<p>Poster presented on: Thursday, July 25, 2013, Wednesday, July 24, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b> The Geographic information System (GIS) is used to analyze, and visualize spatial data and their attributes. The power of GIS is its ability to identify relationships among features on different map layers based on where they are located in relationship to one another. GIS is an analytical method for public health. Its applications are beneficial for effective health status assessment, health planning, program evaluation, and surveillance. The purpose of this research is to apply the GIS to enhance our understanding of teen pregnancy related to services and other demographic variables in a western Massachusetts city in the US. <p><b>Methods: </b> For the mapping purposes, aggregate census block group level city data of birth rate/counts for females ages 15-19 was obtained from vital records.  In addition, block group level population data for the city was downloaded from U.S Census Bureau, Census 2010. This population data included race/ethnicity, income, poverty status, and education. Data about health and social services locations in the city was collected and coded for teen empowerment, reproductive health clinics including pregnancy prevention services and service support for young parents. The data was, organized, and managed in ArcCatalog –data management tool in ArcGIS 9.2 for use in geocoding and map creation in ArcMap.  <p><b>Results: </b> The mapping identified geographic disparities in services. Services are located in the center of the city leaving many areas without access.  Teen birth rate was visually associated in areas with high poverty rate, low education and high minority concentration. <p><b>Conclusion: </b> GIS mapping is an important tool to assess teen births. The findings identify gaps and opportunities and inform recommendations such as service planning, identification of high-risk population and their geographic location.en_GB
dc.subjectGIS mappingen_GB
dc.subjectHealth Assesmenten_GB
dc.subjectReproductive healthen_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:34:32Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:34:32Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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