Exploring the Effect of Tai Chi Performance and Attendance on Health Outcomes in Elders with Cognitive Impairment and Osteoarthritic Knee

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/304393
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Exploring the Effect of Tai Chi Performance and Attendance on Health Outcomes in Elders with Cognitive Impairment and Osteoarthritic Knee
Author(s):
Tsai, Pao-Feng; Beck, Cornelia K.; Chang, Jason Y.; Kuo, Yong-Fang
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Gamma Xi
Author Details:
Pao-Feng Tsai, PhD, RN, tsaipaofeng@uams.edu; Cornelia Beck, PhD, RN; Jason Y. Chang, PhD; Yong-Fang Kuo, PhD;
Abstract:

Session presented on: Tuesday, July 23, 2013

Purpose: The purpose of this report was to describe potential confounding effect of Tai Chi (TC) performance and attendance on health outcomes in 28 community-dwelling elders with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and cognitive impairment who participated in a 20-week Sun-style TC program. 

Methods: The original study was a cluster-randomized clinical trial with 2 arms (TC and attention control arm). This report only analyzed data from 28 participants who were in the TC arm. Outcome measures included the Western Ontario and McMaster (WOMAC) OA pain scale, physical function and stiffness subscales, the “Get up and Go” test, the “Sit and Stand” test and the Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE). TC performance was coded using the Rosengren’s method. Attendance (sessions and actual practicing time of each individual) was recorded over the 20-week intervention period. Bivariate statistics (t tests, chi-square, and partial correlation) were used to analyze the data.

Results: Better TC performance was associated with less analgesic intake (r=-.42, p<.05), better WOMAC physical function score (r=-.49, p<.05), and faster “Sit and Stand” performance (r=-.41, p<.05) controlling for the baseline data. Better TC performance was also associated with better MMSE scores marginally controlling for the baseline data (r=.36, p=.077). On the other hand, attendance (in sessions or in total practicing time, minutes) was not associated with any health outcomes.  

Conclusion: These results showed that the accuracy of TC performance contributed to better health outcomes. Strategies to teach and to improve participants’ accuracy in TC performance should be incorporated into the TC intervention protocol.

Keywords:
Tai Chi; Performance; Attendance
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleExploring the Effect of Tai Chi Performance and Attendance on Health Outcomes in Elders with Cognitive Impairment and Osteoarthritic Kneeen_GB
dc.contributor.authorTsai, Pao-Fengen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBeck, Cornelia K.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorChang, Jason Y.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorKuo, Yong-Fangen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentGamma Xien_GB
dc.author.detailsPao-Feng Tsai, PhD, RN, tsaipaofeng@uams.edu; Cornelia Beck, PhD, RN; Jason Y. Chang, PhD; Yong-Fang Kuo, PhD;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/304393-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Tuesday, July 23, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b>The purpose of this report was to describe potential confounding effect of Tai Chi (TC) performance and attendance on health outcomes in 28 community-dwelling elders with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and cognitive impairment who participated in a 20-week Sun-style TC program.  <p><b>Methods: </b>The original study was a cluster-randomized clinical trial with 2 arms (TC and attention control arm). This report only analyzed data from 28 participants who were in the TC arm. Outcome measures included the Western Ontario and McMaster (WOMAC) OA pain scale, physical function and stiffness subscales, the “Get up and Go” test, the “Sit and Stand” test and the Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE). TC performance was coded using the Rosengren’s method. Attendance (sessions and actual practicing time of each individual) was recorded over the 20-week intervention period. Bivariate statistics (t tests, chi-square, and partial correlation) were used to analyze the data. <p><b>Results: </b>Better TC performance was associated with less analgesic intake (r=-.42, p<.05), better WOMAC physical function score (r=-.49, p<.05), and faster “Sit and Stand” performance (r=-.41, p<.05) controlling for the baseline data. Better TC performance was also associated with better MMSE scores marginally controlling for the baseline data (r=.36, p=.077). On the other hand, attendance (in sessions or in total practicing time, minutes) was not associated with any health outcomes.   <p><b>Conclusion: </b>These results showed that the accuracy of TC performance contributed to better health outcomes. Strategies to teach and to improve participants’ accuracy in TC performance should be incorporated into the TC intervention protocol.en_GB
dc.subjectTai Chien_GB
dc.subjectPerformanceen_GB
dc.subjectAttendanceen_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:34:58Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:34:58Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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