2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/304402
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Acclimatization Practices of High-Altitude Recreationalists
Author(s):
Rozier, Leslie H.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Alpha Pi
Author Details:
Leslie H. Rozier, DNP, APRN, FNP-BC, lrozier@wyoming.com
Abstract:

Session presented on: Wednesday, July 24, 2013

Background / Significance / Purpose: Acute mountain sickness (AMS) will occur if ascent to altitude is rapid. Any type of travel to altitude around 2,500 meters (8,000 feet) is associated with an increased risk of developing AMS. The rationale and reasons for deferment of acclimatization modalities is unknown.

Study Design: Cross-sectional, descriptive study.

Setting: High-altitude mountain trailhead at 9,300 feet.

Sample: Convenience sample of 120 volunteer high-altitude recreationalists or backpackers, 18 years of age or older.

Methods: A questionnaire was completed by subjects that included demographic information such as age, gender, altitude of residence, means of transport to calculate the rate of ascent and the number of hours taken to acclimatize to the altitude at the trailhead. Acclimatization prophylaxis activities were documented including the use of medications and personal remedies. Baseline vital signs, height, weight and BMI were recorded for each subject. The instrument queried the volunteer about the existence of current AMS symptoms by completion of a Lake Louise Symptom Score Questionnaire.

Results: Despite recent Wilderness Medical Society (WMS) recommendations (Luks et al., 2010) stressing gradual ascent and medication prophylaxis for the prevention of AMS, 61% of the subjects took less than 24 hours to ascend to 9,300 feet to begin their journey. The majority (55%) of subjects (n=66) did not perceive the need for medications. Only three subjects (2.5%) were taking acetazolamide and just 4% had consulted a health professional prior to their high altitude sojourn. The general consensus was to “suffer through” any symptoms. Twelve subjects (10%) were unaware that acclimatization was a recommendation for ascent to altitude.

Discussion / Conclusion / Implications: Embracing acclimatization guidelines as a primary prevention strategy of AMS, will bode well for all high mountain travelers as well as the healthcare providers who inform them.

Keywords:
recreationalist; acclimatization; high altitude
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleAcclimatization Practices of High-Altitude Recreationalistsen_GB
dc.contributor.authorRozier, Leslie H.en_GB
dc.contributor.departmentAlpha Pien_GB
dc.author.detailsLeslie H. Rozier, DNP, APRN, FNP-BC, lrozier@wyoming.comen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/304402-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Wednesday, July 24, 2013</p><b>Background / Significance / Purpose: </b>Acute mountain sickness (AMS) will occur if ascent to altitude is rapid. Any type of travel to altitude around 2,500 meters (8,000 feet) is associated with an increased risk of developing AMS. The rationale and reasons for deferment of acclimatization modalities is unknown. <p class="apa"><b>Study Design: </b>Cross-sectional, descriptive study. <p class="apa"><b>Setting: </b>High-altitude mountain trailhead at 9,300 feet. <p class="apa"><b>Sample: </b>Convenience sample of 120 volunteer high-altitude recreationalists or backpackers, 18 years of age or older. <p class="apa"><b>Methods: </b>A questionnaire was completed by subjects that included demographic information such as age, gender, altitude of residence, means of transport to calculate the rate of ascent and the number of hours taken to acclimatize to the altitude at the trailhead. Acclimatization prophylaxis activities were documented including the use of medications and personal remedies. Baseline vital signs, height, weight and BMI were recorded for each subject. The instrument queried the volunteer about the existence of current AMS symptoms by completion of a Lake Louise Symptom Score Questionnaire. <p class="apa"><b>Results: </b>Despite recent Wilderness Medical Society (WMS) recommendations (Luks et al., 2010) stressing gradual ascent and medication prophylaxis for the prevention of AMS, 61% of the subjects took less than 24 hours to ascend to 9,300 feet to begin their journey. The majority (55%) of subjects (n=66) did not perceive the need for medications. Only three subjects (2.5%) were taking acetazolamide and just 4% had consulted a health professional prior to their high altitude sojourn. The general consensus was to “suffer through” any symptoms. Twelve subjects (10%) were unaware that acclimatization was a recommendation for ascent to altitude. <p class="apa"><b>Discussion / Conclusion / Implications: </b>Embracing acclimatization guidelines as a primary prevention strategy of AMS, will bode well for all high mountain travelers as well as the healthcare providers who inform them.en_GB
dc.subjectrecreationalisten_GB
dc.subjectacclimatizationen_GB
dc.subjecthigh altitudeen_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:35:09Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:35:09Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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