A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial of a Lifestyle Intervention in Sedentary Older Women: Preliminary Results Describing Baseline Physical Activity Levels

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/304417
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial of a Lifestyle Intervention in Sedentary Older Women: Preliminary Results Describing Baseline Physical Activity Levels
Author(s):
Lefler, Leanne L.; Garner, Kimberly K.; Lensing, Shelly Y.; Hayman, Kimberly B.; McSweeney, Jean C.; Packard, Kathy A.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Leanne L. Lefler, PhD, ACNS, APN, L.Lefler@uams.edu; Kimberly K. Garner, MD, JD, MPH; Shelly Y. Lensing, MS; Kimberly B. Hayman, BSN, RN; Jean C. McSweeney, PhD, RN, FAHA, FAAN; Kathy A. Packard, MEd, MS, LPC;
Abstract:

Poster presented on: Tuesday, July 23, 2013, Monday, July 22, 2013

Purpose:  

Making physical activity (PA) an integral part of daily life is imperative to the health and well-being of older adults worldwide. Older women are reported as the most sedentary of any population group; yet, objective data measures of older women’s free-living PA using the most accurate methods to-date, such as tri-axial accelerometers, are sorely lacking. In this study, we described baseline values of objective measures for PA in older women and compare them to internationally recognized recommendations for the participants enrolled to-date (n=22).

Methods:

Women older than 60 years of age, who did not engage in regular physical activity, were recruited to participate in a randomized clinical trial of a multi-tailored intervention to increase lifestyle PA. Baseline energy expenditure in METs or metabolic equivalent of tasks, activity minutes, and intensity levels were measured by the GT3X+ tri-axial Actigraphy monitor over a 7-day wear period.

Results:

 When compared with resting metabolic rate or a MET of 1.0, the overall mean for 7 days of wear time (not including sleep) was 1.08 (Standard Deviation 0.05) METs, indicating extreme sedentary behavior. Mean kilocalories expended per day were 292, indicating a value much less than the 521 kcal/d recommended. Mean minutes per day of activity in sedentary behavior was 663 (SD 106); light activity 157 (SD 31); with little moderate intensity activity 15 (SD 12); and no participation in vigorous intensity activity.

Conclusion:

Findings indicate that this group of older women in the U.S. are in a health crisis because of their lack of habitual PA, which contributes to heart disease, chronic illness, and loss of function associated with aging. Strategies to engage older women in regular PA are critically needed. Our ongoing trial will test a tailored intervention to improve habitual PA in older women.

Keywords:
physical activity; older women; health promotion
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleA Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial of a Lifestyle Intervention in Sedentary Older Women: Preliminary Results Describing Baseline Physical Activity Levelsen_GB
dc.contributor.authorLefler, Leanne L.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorGarner, Kimberly K.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorLensing, Shelly Y.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorHayman, Kimberly B.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorMcSweeney, Jean C.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorPackard, Kathy A.en_GB
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen_GB
dc.author.detailsLeanne L. Lefler, PhD, ACNS, APN, L.Lefler@uams.edu; Kimberly K. Garner, MD, JD, MPH; Shelly Y. Lensing, MS; Kimberly B. Hayman, BSN, RN; Jean C. McSweeney, PhD, RN, FAHA, FAAN; Kathy A. Packard, MEd, MS, LPC;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/304417-
dc.description.abstract<p>Poster presented on: Tuesday, July 23, 2013, Monday, July 22, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b>  <p>Making physical activity (PA) an integral part of daily life is imperative to the health and well-being of older adults worldwide. Older women are reported as the most sedentary of any population group; yet, objective data measures of older women’s free-living PA using the most accurate methods to-date, such as tri-axial accelerometers, are sorely lacking. In this study, we described baseline values of objective measures for PA in older women and compare them to internationally recognized recommendations for the participants enrolled to-date (n=22). <p><b>Methods: </b> <p>Women older than 60 years of age, who did not engage in regular physical activity, were recruited to participate in a randomized clinical trial of a multi-tailored intervention to increase lifestyle PA. Baseline energy expenditure in METs or metabolic equivalent of tasks, activity minutes, and intensity levels were measured by the GT3X+ tri-axial Actigraphy monitor over a 7-day wear period. <p><b>Results: </b> <p> When compared with resting metabolic rate or a MET of 1.0, the overall mean for 7 days of wear time (not including sleep) was 1.08 (Standard Deviation 0.05) METs, indicating extreme sedentary behavior. Mean kilocalories expended per day were 292, indicating a value much less than the 521 kcal/d recommended. Mean minutes per day of activity in sedentary behavior was 663 (SD 106); light activity 157 (SD 31); with little moderate intensity activity 15 (SD 12); and no participation in vigorous intensity activity. <p><b>Conclusion: </b> <p>Findings indicate that this group of older women in the U.S. are in a health crisis because of their lack of habitual PA, which contributes to heart disease, chronic illness, and loss of function associated with aging. Strategies to engage older women in regular PA are critically needed. Our ongoing trial will test a tailored intervention to improve habitual PA in older women.en_GB
dc.subjectphysical activityen_GB
dc.subjectolder womenen_GB
dc.subjecthealth promotionen_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:35:25Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:35:25Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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