Prevalence of Risk Factors for Atherosclerotic Coronary Artery Disease in a Brazilian Population of Patients Hospitalized for Acute Coronary Syndrome

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/304433
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Prevalence of Risk Factors for Atherosclerotic Coronary Artery Disease in a Brazilian Population of Patients Hospitalized for Acute Coronary Syndrome
Author(s):
Lopes, Camila Takao; Brunori, Evelise Helena Fadini Reis; Barros, Alba Lucia Bottura Leite de; Cavalcante, Agueda Maria Ruiz Zimmer
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Camila Takao Lopes, RN, MsC, takao.camila@gmail.com; Evelise Helena Fadini Reis Brunori, RN; Alba Lucia Bottura Leite de Barros, PhD; Agueda Maria Ruiz Zimmer Cavalcante, RN, MsN;
Abstract:

Session presented on: Tuesday, July 23, 2013

Purpose: To describe the prevalence of risk factors for atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

Methods: A cross-sectional study performed in the coronary unit of a school hospital in São Paulo, Brazil, from August to December, 2011. Sociodemographic characteristics and BMI, waist/hip ratio (WHR), Triglycerides, cholesterol, HDL and LDL values of 150 patients hospitalized for ACS were obtained from hospital charts. Five validated questionnaires were applied: nicotine dependence (Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire), food frequency (Food Frequency Questionnaire), alcohol consumption (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test), perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale) and physical activity (International Physical Activity Questionnaire). The protocol study was submitted to the institutional Ethics Committee.

Results: 72% had suffered an ST-elevation AMI, 72.7% male, 57.51±9.9 years old, 67.3% white, 36% without a primary school degree, 61.3% married, 46.7% earned 1 to 3 minimum wages; 70.7% had hypertension as a personal antecedent, 28.7% had diabetes mellitus (DM), and 40% had dyslipidemia; 69% had a family history of hypertension, 41.3% DM, 30% dyslipidemia and 60.7% CAD; 43% practiced moderate physical activity; 39% were overweight and 17.6% were obese class I; 59.3% were smokers; 37% were identified as having light alcohol intake. Stress perception was not different between women (28.5±8.3) and men (25±7). High total cholesterol (198±55mg/dL), low HDL (40±11) and high LDL (123±47) levels were verified. Patients reported high intake of fat and carbohydrate and low intake of fruit and vegetables. 

Conclusion: ACS in a group of brazilian patients was associated with male gender, age>55, low education, low wages, low income, hypertension, DM, dyslipidemia, high body mass index, smoking and drinking habits and high cholesterol rates and inadequate eating habits.

Keywords:
Acute coronary syndrome; Risk factors; Validated questionnaires
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePrevalence of Risk Factors for Atherosclerotic Coronary Artery Disease in a Brazilian Population of Patients Hospitalized for Acute Coronary Syndromeen_GB
dc.contributor.authorLopes, Camila Takaoen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBrunori, Evelise Helena Fadini Reisen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBarros, Alba Lucia Bottura Leite deen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCavalcante, Agueda Maria Ruiz Zimmeren_GB
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen_GB
dc.author.detailsCamila Takao Lopes, RN, MsC, takao.camila@gmail.com; Evelise Helena Fadini Reis Brunori, RN; Alba Lucia Bottura Leite de Barros, PhD; Agueda Maria Ruiz Zimmer Cavalcante, RN, MsN;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/304433-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Tuesday, July 23, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b>To describe the prevalence of risk factors for atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). <p><b>Methods: </b>A cross-sectional study performed in the coronary unit of a school hospital in São Paulo, Brazil, from August to December, 2011. Sociodemographic characteristics and BMI, waist/hip ratio (WHR), Triglycerides, cholesterol, HDL and LDL values of 150 patients hospitalized for ACS were obtained from hospital charts. Five validated questionnaires were applied: nicotine dependence (Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire), food frequency (Food Frequency Questionnaire), alcohol consumption (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test), perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale) and physical activity (International Physical Activity Questionnaire). The protocol study was submitted to the institutional Ethics Committee. <p><b>Results: </b>72% had suffered an ST-elevation AMI, 72.7% male, 57.51±9.9 years old, 67.3% white, 36% without a primary school degree, 61.3% married, 46.7% earned 1 to 3 minimum wages; 70.7% had hypertension as a personal antecedent, 28.7% had diabetes mellitus (DM), and 40% had dyslipidemia; 69% had a family history of hypertension, 41.3% DM, 30% dyslipidemia and 60.7% CAD; 43% practiced moderate physical activity; 39% were overweight and 17.6% were obese class I; 59.3% were smokers; 37% were identified as having light alcohol intake. Stress perception was not different between women (28.5±8.3) and men (25±7). High total cholesterol (198±55mg/dL), low HDL (40±11) and high LDL (123±47) levels were verified. Patients reported high intake of fat and carbohydrate and low intake of fruit and vegetables.  <p><b>Conclusion: </b>ACS in a group of brazilian patients was associated with male gender, age>55, low education, low wages, low income, hypertension, DM, dyslipidemia, high body mass index, smoking and drinking habits and high cholesterol rates and inadequate eating habits.en_GB
dc.subjectAcute coronary syndromeen_GB
dc.subjectRisk factorsen_GB
dc.subjectValidated questionnairesen_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:35:44Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:35:44Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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