Impact of a Peer-Led Educational Program on Knowledge and Attitudes about Prevention of Substance Abuse Among Lebanese/Armenian Adolescents

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/304435
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Impact of a Peer-Led Educational Program on Knowledge and Attitudes about Prevention of Substance Abuse Among Lebanese/Armenian Adolescents
Author(s):
Arevian, Mary
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
LAMBDA PI
Author Details:
Mary Arevian, MPH, RN, BSN, mb00@aub.edu.lb
Abstract:

Session presented on: Tuesday, July 23, 2013

Purpose:

to evaluate the extent to which participation in a peer-led educational program about substance abuse produces changes in knowledge and attitudes among Lebanese/Armenian adolescents.

Methods:

'A quasi-experimental study. A convenient sample of 134 high school students, from two Armenian high schools in Beirut were recruited. Design: Pretest-posttest; students completed a questionnaire before and one week after an educational program implemented by two peer-educators, who had participated in a 'training-trainees' project about prevention of substance abuse. The educational program provided students with knowledge and skills to resist social influences to engage in substance abuse. A variety of teaching-learning tools were used. SPSS version 16 was used. Overall knowledge and attitude scores were created, as well as knowledge sub-scores and attitude scales for pro-smoking, pro-drinking, pro-marijuana, and pro-hard drugs. Pretest-posttest results were compared using paired t-test to evaluate the impact of the program.

Results:

Knowledge about drugs improved significantly (p=0.005) between the pre-post test. Overall mean positive attitude towards tobacco and drugs decreased significantly (p=0.010). Pro-attitude towards smoking, alcohol drinking and hard drugs decreased significantly in the post test (p=0.004). Similarly, the drug refusal skills improved significantly (p=0.028).

Conclusion:

Continue peer-led preventive programs focusing on building confidence, interpersonal competence and drug refusal skills.

Keywords:
: Peer-led education; adolescents; substance abuse prevention
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013 ; 22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleImpact of a Peer-Led Educational Program on Knowledge and Attitudes about Prevention of Substance Abuse Among Lebanese/Armenian Adolescentsen
dc.contributor.authorArevian, Maryen
dc.contributor.departmentLAMBDA PIen
dc.author.detailsMary Arevian, MPH, RN, BSN, mb00@aub.edu.lben
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/304435-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Tuesday, July 23, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b> <p>to evaluate the extent to which participation in a peer-led educational program about substance abuse produces changes in knowledge and attitudes among Lebanese/Armenian adolescents. <p><b>Methods: </b> <p><i>'A </i>quasi<i>-</i>experimental study<i>.</i> A convenient sample of 134 high school students, from two Armenian high schools in Beirut were recruited. <i>Design</i>: Pretest-posttest; students completed a questionnaire before and one week after an educational program implemented by two peer-educators, who had participated in a 'training-trainees' project about prevention of substance abuse. The educational program provided students with knowledge and skills to resist social influences to engage in substance abuse. A variety of teaching-learning tools were used. SPSS version 16 was used. Overall knowledge and attitude scores were created, as well as knowledge sub-scores and attitude scales for pro-smoking, pro-drinking, pro-marijuana, and pro-hard drugs. Pretest-posttest results were compared using paired t-test to evaluate the impact of the program. <p><b>Results: </b> <p>Knowledge about drugs improved significantly (p=0.005) between the pre-post test. Overall mean positive attitude towards tobacco and drugs decreased significantly (p=0.010). Pro-attitude towards smoking, alcohol drinking and hard drugs decreased significantly in the post test (p=0.004). Similarly, the drug refusal skills improved significantly (p=0.028). <p><b>Conclusion: </b> <p>Continue peer-led preventive programs focusing on building confidence, interpersonal competence and drug refusal skills.en
dc.subject: Peer-led educationen
dc.subjectadolescentsen
dc.subjectsubstance abuse preventionen
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:35:46Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22en
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:35:46Z-
dc.conference.date2013en
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en
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