Are Risk Factors for Coronary Artery Disease Associated with the Type of Manifestation of Acute Coronary Syndrome?

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/304461
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Are Risk Factors for Coronary Artery Disease Associated with the Type of Manifestation of Acute Coronary Syndrome?
Author(s):
Lopes, Camila Takao; Cavalcante, Agueda Maria Ruiz Zimmer; Barros, Alba Lucia Bottura Leite de; Brunori, Evelise Helena Fadini Reis
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Camila Takao Lopes, RN, MsC, takao.camila@gmail.com; Agueda Maria Ruiz Zimmer Cavalcante, RN, MsN; Alba Lucia Bottura Leite de Barros, PhD; Evelise Helena Fadini Reis Brunori, RN;
Abstract:

Poster presented on: Tuesday, July 23, 2013, Monday, July 22, 2013

Purpose: To verify associations of risk factors for atherosclerotic coronary artery disease with the type of manifestation of acute coronary syndrome - ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction – AMI -, non- ST-elevation AMI or unstable angina - UA) in patients hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). 

Methods: A cross-sectional study with data collected in the coronary unit of a school hospital in São Paulo, Brazil, from August to December, 2011. Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and laboratory test results of 150 patients hospitalized for ACS were obtained from hospital charts. Five validated questionnaires were applied: nicotine dependence (Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire), food frequency (Food Frequency Questionnaire), alcohol consumption (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test), perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale) and physical activity (International Physical Activity Questionnaire). The study protocol was approved by the institutional Ethics Committee. 

Results: There was weak evidence of higher proportion of male gender with ST-elevation AMI and female gender with UA; lower proportion of arrhythmia in patients with ST-elevation AMI and higher proportion of patients with kidney failure in patients with UA; higher proportion of hypertension in patients with UA and lower proportion in patients with ST-elevation AMI; higher proportion of family history of kidney failure and aorta aneurysm in patients with UA. Patients with non-ST elevation AMI had lower weight and height compared to patients with ST-elevation AMI. Patients with UA had lower levels of LDL-cholesterol. Patients with ST-elevation AMI were more frequently submitted to angioplasty. Stress levels were elevated in 86% of patients in the 3 groups. Ninety percent of all patients consumed rice, beef, chicken and beans. 

Conclusion: There was weak evidence of association between risk factors for atherosclerotic coronary artery disease with the type of manifestation of ACS.

Keywords:
Risk factors; Acute coronary syndrome; Validated questionnaires
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleAre Risk Factors for Coronary Artery Disease Associated with the Type of Manifestation of Acute Coronary Syndrome?en_GB
dc.contributor.authorLopes, Camila Takaoen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCavalcante, Agueda Maria Ruiz Zimmeren_GB
dc.contributor.authorBarros, Alba Lucia Bottura Leite deen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBrunori, Evelise Helena Fadini Reisen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen_GB
dc.author.detailsCamila Takao Lopes, RN, MsC, takao.camila@gmail.com; Agueda Maria Ruiz Zimmer Cavalcante, RN, MsN; Alba Lucia Bottura Leite de Barros, PhD; Evelise Helena Fadini Reis Brunori, RN;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/304461-
dc.description.abstract<p>Poster presented on: Tuesday, July 23, 2013, Monday, July 22, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b>To verify associations of risk factors for atherosclerotic coronary artery disease with the type of manifestation of acute coronary syndrome - ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction – AMI -, non- ST-elevation AMI or unstable angina - UA) in patients hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome (ACS).  <p><b>Methods: </b>A cross-sectional study with data collected in the coronary unit of a school hospital in São Paulo, Brazil, from August to December, 2011. Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and laboratory test results of 150 patients hospitalized for ACS were obtained from hospital charts. Five validated questionnaires were applied: nicotine dependence (Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire), food frequency (Food Frequency Questionnaire), alcohol consumption (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test), perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale) and physical activity (International Physical Activity Questionnaire). The study protocol was approved by the institutional Ethics Committee.  <p><b>Results: </b>There was weak evidence of higher proportion of male gender with ST-elevation AMI and female gender with UA; lower proportion of arrhythmia in patients with ST-elevation AMI and higher proportion of patients with kidney failure in patients with UA; higher proportion of hypertension in patients with UA and lower proportion in patients with ST-elevation AMI; higher proportion of family history of kidney failure and aorta aneurysm in patients with UA. Patients with non-ST elevation AMI had lower weight and height compared to patients with ST-elevation AMI. Patients with UA had lower levels of LDL-cholesterol. Patients with ST-elevation AMI were more frequently submitted to angioplasty. Stress levels were elevated in 86% of patients in the 3 groups. Ninety percent of all patients consumed rice, beef, chicken and beans.  <p><b>Conclusion: </b>There was weak evidence of association between risk factors for atherosclerotic coronary artery disease with the type of manifestation of ACS.en_GB
dc.subjectRisk factorsen_GB
dc.subjectAcute coronary syndromeen_GB
dc.subjectValidated questionnairesen_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:36:28Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:36:28Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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