Development of an Evidence-Based Resource Guide for Nurses on Medical Missions in Developing Countries

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/304476
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Development of an Evidence-Based Resource Guide for Nurses on Medical Missions in Developing Countries
Author(s):
Masco, Natalie Ann
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Delta Sigma
Author Details:
Natalie Ann Masco, DNP, RN, FNP-C, nataliern03@yahoo.com
Abstract:

Session presented on: Thursday, July 25, 2013

Background: In 2007, an estimated 1.6 million Americans were sent on international short-term medical missions by more than 40,000 sending entities (churches, agencies, schools, etc.) at a cost of three billion dollars (Tazelaar, 2011). Many arguments about the utility and effectiveness of short-term medical missions exist in the literature. While professionals who take part in the trips do so to help others, without proper preparation and education on medical conditions and cultural needs there is a risk for causing more harm than good. 'Without training, volunteers will be psychologically and culturally unprepared to work amidst poverty in a developing country.' (United for Sight, n.d.). Efforts must be made to improve the preparation of medical mission volunteers in terms of local diagnoses, treatment options, and cultural issues in order for the care.

Purpose: To identify the healthcare'needs of' those who seek health care at short-term medical mission clinics in Sub-Saharan Africa.''

Methods: A needs assessment was conducted with retrospective chart reviews (N=708)'following'a'short-term medical mission clinic in rural Zambia.

'Results: Many of the health conditions were'familiar to western nurses: hypertension, musculoskeletal conditions, gastrointestinal conditions; however, the management of these conditions in a resource-poor area was unfamiliar. Conditions such as HIV/ AIDS, tuberculosis, and intestinal worms were unfamiliar to western nurses and therefore they require more educations on these topics. Utilizing this information an evidence-based resource guide, specific to registered nurses practicing in Sub-Saharan Africa was created. In addition, the importance of cultural care and the holistic care needs were identified.

Conclusion: There is a great need to provide adequate preparation and education of registered nurses prior to caring for patients in developing countries. The creation of a evidence based practice resource guide with cultural considerations, is a first step to ensuring quality care is present on medical missions.

Keywords:
Global health; evidence based practice
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013 ; 22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleDevelopment of an Evidence-Based Resource Guide for Nurses on Medical Missions in Developing Countriesen
dc.contributor.authorMasco, Natalie Annen
dc.contributor.departmentDelta Sigmaen
dc.author.detailsNatalie Ann Masco, DNP, RN, FNP-C, nataliern03@yahoo.comen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/304476-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Thursday, July 25, 2013</p>Background: In 2007, an estimated 1.6 million Americans were sent on international short-term medical missions by more than 40,000 sending entities (churches, agencies, schools, etc.) at a cost of three billion dollars (Tazelaar, 2011). Many arguments about the utility and effectiveness of short-term medical missions exist in the literature. While professionals who take part in the trips do so to help others, without proper preparation and education on medical conditions and cultural needs there is a risk for causing more harm than good. 'Without training, volunteers will be psychologically and culturally unprepared to work amidst poverty in a developing country.' (United for Sight, n.d.). Efforts must be made to improve the preparation of medical mission volunteers in terms of local diagnoses, treatment options, and cultural issues in order for the care. <p><b>Purpose: </b>To identify the healthcare'needs of' those who seek health care at short-term medical mission clinics in Sub-Saharan Africa.'' <p><b>Methods: </b>A needs assessment was conducted with retrospective chart reviews (N=708)'following'a'short-term medical mission clinic in rural Zambia. <p>'<b>Results: </b>Many of the health conditions were'familiar to western nurses: hypertension, musculoskeletal conditions, gastrointestinal conditions; however, the management of these conditions in a resource-poor area was unfamiliar. Conditions such as HIV/ AIDS, tuberculosis, and intestinal worms were unfamiliar to western nurses and therefore they require more educations on these topics. Utilizing this information an evidence-based resource guide, specific to registered nurses practicing in Sub-Saharan Africa was created. In addition, the importance of cultural care and the holistic care needs were identified. <p><b>Conclusion: </b> There is a great need to provide adequate preparation and education of registered nurses prior to caring for patients in developing countries. The creation of a evidence based practice resource guide with cultural considerations, is a first step to ensuring quality care is present on medical missions.en
dc.subjectGlobal healthen
dc.subjectevidence based practiceen
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:36:46Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22en
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:36:46Z-
dc.conference.date2013en
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en
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