Child Discipline Tactics by Criminal Justice Involved Women Following a Nursing Intervention

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/304481
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Child Discipline Tactics by Criminal Justice Involved Women Following a Nursing Intervention
Author(s):
Byrne, Mary W.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Alpha Upsilon
Author Details:
Mary W. Byrne, PhD, DNP, MPH, FAAN, mwb4@columbia.edu
Abstract:

Session presented on: Thursday, July 25, 2013

Purpose:

As part of a larger National Institutes of Health-funded study of maternal and child outcomes during and following the years spent in a United States prison nursery program, this study question explores the relationship between criminal justice history and parenting risk factors in a sample of women at risk for poor parenting and their subsequent child discipline practices during the preschool years.

Methods:

The Conflict Tactics Scale – Parent Child version, which assesses parent discipline strategies, was completed in writing by 53 women who enrolled with a newborn in the first longitudinal study measuring attachment, child development, and criminal recidivism outcomes following co-residence in a prison nursery program and reenrolled in a long-term follow-up study in the free community 2 to 4 years later. Mothers participated in a nursing attachment-based intervention with weekly visits during prison and telephone and mail interaction during the reentry years. Multiple questionnaires and interviews were completed to address several aims in this multi-method study. For this study question, data from CTS-PC were correlated with data on parenting stress, depression, social support, substance abuse, maternal separations and living arrangements.

Results:

For a sample of women who raised infants in a prison nursery and had other criminal history and parenting risk factors, the choices they made in child discipline practices during preschool years did not differ from an epidemiologic sample of healthy community parents.  Virtually all used nonviolent discipline strategies of explaining or distracting and the psychologic aggression measures of yelling and threatening to spank. About half used corporal punishment consisting of slapping or spanking on average every other month. There was almost no severe physical assault and there was no extreme assault.

Conclusion:

Stressed and high risk mothers, including those with criminal justice involvement, and their children merit interventional services without stigma to improve parenting outcomes.

Keywords:
child discipline; criminal justice; community preventive health
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleChild Discipline Tactics by Criminal Justice Involved Women Following a Nursing Interventionen_GB
dc.contributor.authorByrne, Mary W.en_GB
dc.contributor.departmentAlpha Upsilonen_GB
dc.author.detailsMary W. Byrne, PhD, DNP, MPH, FAAN, mwb4@columbia.eduen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/304481-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Thursday, July 25, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b> <p>As part of a larger National Institutes of Health-funded study of maternal and child outcomes during and following the years spent in a United States prison nursery program, this study question explores the relationship between criminal justice history and parenting risk factors in a sample of women at risk for poor parenting and their subsequent child discipline practices during the preschool years. <p><b>Methods: </b> <p>The Conflict Tactics Scale – Parent Child version, which assesses parent discipline strategies, was completed in writing by 53 women who enrolled with a newborn in the first longitudinal study measuring attachment, child development, and criminal recidivism outcomes following co-residence in a prison nursery program and reenrolled in a long-term follow-up study in the free community 2 to 4 years later. Mothers participated in a nursing attachment-based intervention with weekly visits during prison and telephone and mail interaction during the reentry years. Multiple questionnaires and interviews were completed to address several aims in this multi-method study. For this study question, data from CTS-PC were correlated with data on parenting stress, depression, social support, substance abuse, maternal separations and living arrangements. <p><b>Results: </b> <p>For a sample of women who raised infants in a prison nursery and had other criminal history and parenting risk factors, the choices they made in child discipline practices during preschool years did not differ from an epidemiologic sample of healthy community parents.  Virtually all used nonviolent discipline strategies of explaining or distracting and the psychologic aggression measures of yelling and threatening to spank. About half used corporal punishment consisting of slapping or spanking on average every other month. There was almost no severe physical assault and there was no extreme assault. <p><b>Conclusion: </b> <p>Stressed and high risk mothers, including those with criminal justice involvement, and their children merit interventional services without stigma to improve parenting outcomes.en_GB
dc.subjectchild disciplineen_GB
dc.subjectcriminal justiceen_GB
dc.subjectcommunity preventive healthen_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:36:52Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:36:52Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.