The Influence of Animal Assisted Therapy on Behavioral Symptoms in Individuals with Dementia

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/304484
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Influence of Animal Assisted Therapy on Behavioral Symptoms in Individuals with Dementia
Author(s):
Edwards, Nancy E.; Beck, Alan M.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Delta Omicron
Author Details:
Nancy E. Edwards, PhD, ANP-BC, edwardsn@purdue.edu; Alan M. Beck, ScD;
Abstract:

Session presented on: Monday, July 22, 2013

Purpose: Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms (BPSD) are common in individuals with dementia.  This project examined the impact of animal assisted therapy (AAT), specifically aquariums, on behavioral symptoms in individuals with dementia who reside in dementia specific units.

Methods: Subjects included seventy individuals with advanced dementia who resided in three facilities. A pre-test post-test design was utilized incorporating each subject as their own control.  Baseline behaviors were assessed by the charge nurse utilizing the Nursing Home Disruptive Behavior Scale over a one week period. The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) was administered by the researcher.  A specialized aquarium, designed specifically for use in long-term care facilities, was introduced into the common area which is use for meals and activities by all residents.  The charge nurse completed the post behavioral assessment during week ten.

Results: The behaviors were categorized into six subscales: uncooperative, irrational, sleep, annoying, inappropriate and dangerous behaviors.  Items were summed within each subscale as well as for a total score. Repeated measures of analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) revealed that residents’ behaviors improved among four domains: uncooperative, irrational, sleep and inappropriate behaviors. In the domains of annoying and dangerous behaviors, no significant difference was noted. The total behavior score significantly improved after the aquarium was introduced (F-15.60, P<.001). The mean score improved from 67.2 at baseline to 58.2 at the completion of the study.

Conclusion: The results reinforce that animals of many species have a calming effect, even in the face of dementia. It supports the use of AAT, specifically aquariums, as a method to assist with the management of behavioral and psychological symptoms associated with dementia.  The importance of a non-chemical intervention delivered in a group setting is that the effect was demonstrated in the majority of individuals with none of the side effects commonly noted with medication use.

Keywords:
Animal Assisted Therapy; Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms; Dementia
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Influence of Animal Assisted Therapy on Behavioral Symptoms in Individuals with Dementiaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorEdwards, Nancy E.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorBeck, Alan M.en_GB
dc.contributor.departmentDelta Omicronen_GB
dc.author.detailsNancy E. Edwards, PhD, ANP-BC, edwardsn@purdue.edu; Alan M. Beck, ScD;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/304484-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Monday, July 22, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b>Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms (BPSD) are common in individuals with dementia.  This project examined the impact of animal assisted therapy (AAT), specifically aquariums, on behavioral symptoms in individuals with dementia who reside in dementia specific units. <p><b>Methods: </b> Subjects included seventy individuals with advanced dementia who resided in three facilities. A pre-test post-test design was utilized incorporating each subject as their own control.  Baseline behaviors were assessed by the charge nurse utilizing the Nursing Home Disruptive Behavior Scale over a one week period. The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) was administered by the researcher.  A specialized aquarium, designed specifically for use in long-term care facilities, was introduced into the common area which is use for meals and activities by all residents.  The charge nurse completed the post behavioral assessment during week ten. <p><b>Results: </b> The behaviors were categorized into six subscales: uncooperative, irrational, sleep, annoying, inappropriate and dangerous behaviors.  Items were summed within each subscale as well as for a total score. Repeated measures of analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) revealed that residents’ behaviors improved among four domains: uncooperative, irrational, sleep and inappropriate behaviors. In the domains of annoying and dangerous behaviors, no significant difference was noted. The total behavior score significantly improved after the aquarium was introduced (F-15.60, P<.001). The mean score improved from 67.2 at baseline to 58.2 at the completion of the study. <p><b>Conclusion: </b> The results reinforce that animals of many species have a calming effect, even in the face of dementia. It supports the use of AAT, specifically aquariums, as a method to assist with the management of behavioral and psychological symptoms associated with dementia.  The importance of a non-chemical intervention delivered in a group setting is that the effect was demonstrated in the majority of individuals with none of the side effects commonly noted with medication use.en_GB
dc.subjectAnimal Assisted Therapyen_GB
dc.subjectBehavioral and Psychological Symptomsen_GB
dc.subjectDementiaen_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:36:59Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:36:59Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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