Development of the Children Precontemplator Smoking Prevention Strategies Scale

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/304494
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Development of the Children Precontemplator Smoking Prevention Strategies Scale
Author(s):
Chen, Huey-Shys; Percy, Melanie
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Omicron Pi
Author Details:
Huey-Shys Chen, PhD, RN, MCHES, FAAN, hueyshys@gmail.com; Melanie Percy, PhD, RN, FAAN;
Abstract:

Session presented on: Wednesday, July 24, 2013

Purpose:

 The purpose of this study was aimed to develop an instrument to measure smoking prevention strategies with African American children at precontemplation stage of smoking initiation.  

Methods:

A convenient sample of 30 African American children aged 8-11, who had not smoked in their life time and had no intention of smoking in the future was recruited from an urban low-income community. A total of seven focus groups were conducted at one boys and girls club in New Jersey. Children were asked to talked about their experiences, which help them stay away from smoking and to share effective methods they used to stay away from smoking. Content analysis of the transcripts was used to identify and organize themes, which were used to develop the content of the Children Precontemplator Smoking Prevention Strategies Scale (CPSPSS), then the CPSPSS was pilot tested with 16 children. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was used to assess reliability of the CPSPSS.

Results:

 A group of 16 African American children were asked to specify which items they had difficulty in understanding or had questions about. All students reported that they were able to understand the meaning of each item. Study results showed that most children were unable to differentiate between 6, 5, and 4-point scale but didn’t have difficulty to place their point of view on 3- point scale. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of the CPSPSS was 0.77.

Conclusion:

Research findings indicated that the CPSPSS with a total of 20 items, 3-point Likert-type scale, ranging from 1 from “never” to 3 for “always” was appropriate to be used with African American children who are at precotemplation stage of smoking initiation and also suggested that it had acceptable face validity and reliability. The CPSPSS may contribute to the development of effective community-based smoking prevention intervention for school-aged African American children.  

Keywords:
Smoking Prevention; Precontemplator; Instrument Development
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleDevelopment of the Children Precontemplator Smoking Prevention Strategies Scaleen_GB
dc.contributor.authorChen, Huey-Shysen_GB
dc.contributor.authorPercy, Melanieen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentOmicron Pien_GB
dc.author.detailsHuey-Shys Chen, PhD, RN, MCHES, FAAN, hueyshys@gmail.com; Melanie Percy, PhD, RN, FAAN;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/304494-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Wednesday, July 24, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b> <p> The purpose of this study was aimed to develop an instrument to measure smoking prevention strategies with African American children at precontemplation stage of smoking initiation.   <p><b>Methods: </b> <p>A convenient sample of 30 African American children aged 8-11, who had not smoked in their life time and had no intention of smoking in the future was recruited from an urban low-income community. A total of seven focus groups were conducted at one boys and girls club in New Jersey. Children were asked to talked about their experiences, which help them stay away from smoking and to share effective methods they used to stay away from smoking. Content analysis of the transcripts was used to identify and organize themes, which were used to develop the content of the Children Precontemplator Smoking Prevention Strategies Scale (CPSPSS), then the CPSPSS was pilot tested with 16 children. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was used to assess reliability of the CPSPSS. <p><b>Results: </b> <p> A group of 16 African American children were asked to specify which items they had difficulty in understanding or had questions about. All students reported that they were able to understand the meaning of each item. Study results showed that most children were unable to differentiate between 6, 5, and 4-point scale but didn’t have difficulty to place their point of view on 3- point scale. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of the CPSPSS was 0.77. <p><b>Conclusion: </b> <p class="Style0">Research findings indicated that the CPSPSS with a total of 20 items, 3-point Likert-type scale, ranging from 1 from “never” to 3 for “always” was appropriate to be used with African American children who are at precotemplation stage of smoking initiation and also suggested that it had acceptable face validity and reliability. The CPSPSS may contribute to the development of effective community-based smoking prevention intervention for school-aged African American children. <b> </b>en_GB
dc.subjectSmoking Preventionen_GB
dc.subjectPrecontemplatoren_GB
dc.subjectInstrument Developmenten_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:37:15Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:37:15Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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