2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/304508
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Gender and Smoking Cessation Treatment for Hospitalized Smokers
Author(s):
Caruthers, Donna D.; Fiore, Roberta M.; Bare, Susan E.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Eta
Author Details:
Donna D. Caruthers, PhD, RN, donna.caruthers@iup.edu; Roberta M. Fiore, MSN, RN; Susan E. Bare, MSN, CNM;
Abstract:

Session presented on: Friday, July 26, 2013

Purpose: Examine gender differences among a sample of hospitalized smokers formerly enrolled in a smoking cessation RCT.

Methods: The primary aim of this secondary analysis, with IRB approval, examined gender differences from data obtained from a RCT of a smoking cessation intervention initiated with hospitalized smokers. Eighty participants were enrolled in an RCT smoking cessation study prior to hospital discharge and provided an enhanced usual care smoking cessation intervention.' Following discharge, intervention treatment included 8 additional phone delivered relapse prevention interventions over 3 months. Study variables included carbon-monoxide validated 7-day smoking point-prevalence, self-efficacy for tobacco abstinence, mood, outcome expectancy, tobacco-use characteristics, and socio-demographic information as measured by the Relapse Self-efficacy Questionnaire, Tobacco Self-efficacy Questionnaire, Perceived-Therapeutic Efficacy Scale (Outcome Expectancy) for Tobacco Abstinence, Profile of Mood States (POMS) and a demographic survey.' Analysis included t-tests, Chi-Square, ANOVA, and Logistic Regression. ''

Results: On average, the 48 females and 32 males, evenly randomized to study groups, were 51 years old (SE 1.7), white, and hospitalized for 6 days (SE 1.0 & 0.8). Compared to males, females had significantly higher depression (p < .05), tension/anxiety (p < .032), and anger/hostility (p < .043) with subscales of the POMS. Unlike males, significantly fewer females assigned to the treatment group (C2 = 9.34, p < .003) relapsed from tobacco abstinence by the 6-month data collection. Stepwise logistic regression results of tobacco abstinence of males identified longer length of hospital stay as the only predictor of tobacco abstinence six months following discharge (OR 1.6, p < .02, CI 1.1 ' 2.4), but the study intervention was the only predictor of tobacco abstinence among women (OR 10.5, p < .007, CI 2-56).

'Conclusion: These results differ from the literature with female responding to the relapse prevention intervention.' The intervention design potentially influenced the results between genders of this study.

Keywords:
Gender; Hospitalization; Smoking cessation
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013 ; 22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleGender and Smoking Cessation Treatment for Hospitalized Smokersen
dc.contributor.authorCaruthers, Donna D.en
dc.contributor.authorFiore, Roberta M.en
dc.contributor.authorBare, Susan E.en
dc.contributor.departmentEtaen
dc.author.detailsDonna D. Caruthers, PhD, RN, donna.caruthers@iup.edu; Roberta M. Fiore, MSN, RN; Susan E. Bare, MSN, CNM;en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/304508-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Friday, July 26, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b>Examine gender differences among a sample of hospitalized smokers formerly enrolled in a smoking cessation RCT. <p><b>Methods: </b>The primary aim of this secondary analysis, with IRB approval, examined gender differences from data obtained from a RCT of a smoking cessation intervention initiated with hospitalized smokers. Eighty participants were enrolled in an RCT smoking cessation study prior to hospital discharge and provided an enhanced usual care smoking cessation intervention.' Following discharge, intervention treatment included 8 additional phone delivered relapse prevention interventions over 3 months. Study variables included carbon-monoxide validated 7-day smoking point-prevalence, self-efficacy for tobacco abstinence, mood, outcome expectancy, tobacco-use characteristics, and socio-demographic information as measured by the Relapse Self-efficacy Questionnaire, Tobacco Self-efficacy Questionnaire, Perceived-Therapeutic Efficacy Scale (Outcome Expectancy) for Tobacco Abstinence, Profile of Mood States (POMS) and a demographic survey.' Analysis included t-tests, Chi-Square, ANOVA, and Logistic Regression. '' <p><b>Results: </b> On average, the 48 females and 32 males, evenly randomized to study groups, were 51 years old (SE 1.7), white, and hospitalized for 6 days (SE 1.0 & 0.8). Compared to males, females had significantly higher depression (p < .05), tension/anxiety (p < .032), and anger/hostility (p < .043) with subscales of the POMS. Unlike males, significantly fewer females assigned to the treatment group (C<sup>2</sup> = 9.34, p < .003) relapsed from tobacco abstinence by the 6-month data collection. Stepwise logistic regression results of tobacco abstinence of males identified longer length of hospital stay as the only predictor of tobacco abstinence six months following discharge (OR 1.6, p < .02, CI 1.1 ' 2.4), but the study intervention was the only predictor of tobacco abstinence among women (OR 10.5, p < .007, CI 2-56). <p>'<b>Conclusion: </b>These results differ from the literature with female responding to the relapse prevention intervention.' The intervention design potentially influenced the results between genders of this study.en
dc.subjectGenderen
dc.subjectHospitalizationen
dc.subjectSmoking cessationen
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:37:32Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22en
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:37:32Z-
dc.conference.date2013en
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en
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