Applying Psychological Well-Being to the Prediction of Happiness Among Elderly Retired Taiwanese

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/304515
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Applying Psychological Well-Being to the Prediction of Happiness Among Elderly Retired Taiwanese
Author(s):
Chiang, Hui-Hsun
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Hui-Hsun Chiang, RN, MSN, sheisvivian@gmail.com
Abstract:

Session presented on: Friday, July 26, 2013

Purpose: Happiness is an important indicator of mental and physical health and life expectancy. It has been emphasized as one kind of well-being and how to define it varies from culture to culture.

Methods: The Chinese Happiness Inventory (CHI) was developed in order to measure the happiness of the population living in Chinese societies. On the other hand, the Ryff's psychological well-being (RPW) is a theory-guided scale developed in the West, and based on Western culture.  The relationship between RPW and CHI was unknown since the instruments were cultural sensitive. This study evaluates the canonical correlation between RPW and CHI among elderly retired Taiwanese.  Methods: Data were analyzed from 248 retired elders recruited from social service centers and public parks from September to November 2010. Internal consistency, factor structure and content validity were assessed. Canonical correlation analysis was applied to predict the CHI using RPW.

Results: Results of this study indicated that CHI is a three-dimensional scale which has a good relationship with RPW (ρ=.7). RPW is more well-known in Western society but less known in Asian country. CHI can be an alternative instrument to measure the concept of well-being. However, the canonical loading of autonomy, one sub-scale of the RPW, is much lower than the other 5 sub-scales.

Conclusions: RPW is also suitable to measure psychological well-being in retired elderly in Chinese culture, except in the sub-scale of autonomy. Culturally sensitive instruments should be considered when measuring the level of happiness and psychological well-being.

Keywords:
psychological well-being; autonomy; happiness
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleApplying Psychological Well-Being to the Prediction of Happiness Among Elderly Retired Taiwaneseen_GB
dc.contributor.authorChiang, Hui-Hsunen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen_GB
dc.author.detailsHui-Hsun Chiang, RN, MSN, sheisvivian@gmail.comen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/304515-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Friday, July 26, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b> Happiness is an important indicator of mental and physical health and life expectancy. It has been emphasized as one kind of well-being and how to define it varies from culture to culture. <p><b>Methods: </b> The Chinese Happiness Inventory (CHI) was developed in order to measure the happiness of the population living in Chinese societies. On the other hand, the Ryff's psychological well-being (RPW) is a theory-guided scale developed in the West, and based on Western culture.  The relationship between RPW and CHI was unknown since the instruments were cultural sensitive. This study evaluates the canonical correlation between RPW and CHI among elderly retired Taiwanese.  Methods: Data were analyzed from 248 retired elders recruited from social service centers and public parks from September to November 2010. Internal consistency, factor structure and content validity were assessed. Canonical correlation analysis was applied to predict the CHI using RPW. <p><b>Results: </b> Results of this study indicated that CHI is a three-dimensional scale which has a good relationship with RPW (ρ=.7). RPW is more well-known in Western society but less known in Asian country. CHI can be an alternative instrument to measure the concept of well-being. However, the canonical loading of autonomy, one sub-scale of the RPW, is much lower than the other 5 sub-scales. <p><b>Conclusions: </b> RPW is also suitable to measure psychological well-being in retired elderly in Chinese culture, except in the sub-scale of autonomy. Culturally sensitive instruments should be considered when measuring the level of happiness and psychological well-being.en_GB
dc.subjectpsychological well-beingen_GB
dc.subjectautonomyen_GB
dc.subjecthappinessen_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:37:45Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:37:45Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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