The Effectiveness of Community-Based Health Promotion Program for Rural Elders: A Quasi-Experimental Design

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/304529
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Effectiveness of Community-Based Health Promotion Program for Rural Elders: A Quasi-Experimental Design
Author(s):
Chen, Mei-Yen
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Mei-Yen Chen, RN, PhD, meiyen@gw.cgust.edu.tw
Abstract:

Poster presented on: Monday, July 22, 2013, Tuesday, July 23, 2013

Purpose:

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a CBHP on lifestyle change, physiological indicators and depression score among seniors in two rural areas. 

Methods:

A prospective quasi-experimental design was deployed. A total of 520 senior participants living in six rural villages were clustered and conveniently assigned to two intervention groups. All seniors in both group1 (n=431) and group2 (n = 89) received an annual physical check-up, and health promotion programs with similar contents were delivered for 24 weeks. Senior nursing students were the interveners for group1 and community peer supporters for group2. The primary outcome measure was the change in health-related behaviors measured by the geriatric health promotion scale (GHPS). The secondary outcome comprised changes in the short form of the Chinese geriatric depression scale (CGDS-15), fasting blood sugar, total cholesterol, waist circumference and blood pressure. 

 Results:

Most of the participants were retired farmers or fishermen over 75 years old and were illiterate. The total scores and all subscales of GHPS, CGDS, along with some physiological indicators, improved significantly between pretest and posttest in both groups. After adjustment for confounders, the intervention in group1 was more effective than that in group2 in terms of self-protection behaviors. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure was significantly lower in group2. 

Conclusion:  

The findings support the view that CBHP programs are valuable for improving healthy lifestyle, fasting blood sugar, blood pressure and depression score among seniors. The low cost and effectiveness of incorporating multidisciplinary resources to help rural elders to maintain health status and a healthier lifestyle indicate that it could be a good strategy for nursing professionals to address the rapidly aging society.

Keywords:
community-based; health promotion; seniors
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Effectiveness of Community-Based Health Promotion Program for Rural Elders: A Quasi-Experimental Designen_GB
dc.contributor.authorChen, Mei-Yenen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen_GB
dc.author.detailsMei-Yen Chen, RN, PhD, meiyen@gw.cgust.edu.twen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/304529-
dc.description.abstract<p>Poster presented on: Monday, July 22, 2013, Tuesday, July 23, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b> <p>The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a CBHP on lifestyle change, physiological indicators and depression score among seniors in two rural areas.  <p><b>Methods: </b> <p>A prospective quasi-experimental design was deployed. A total of 520 senior participants living in six<tt> rural villages </tt>were clustered and conveniently assigned to two intervention groups.<b> </b>All seniors in both group1 (n=431) and group2 (n = 89) received an annual physical check-up, and health promotion programs with similar contents were delivered for 24 weeks. Senior nursing students were the interveners for group1 and community peer supporters for group2. The primary outcome measure was the change in health-related behaviors measured by the geriatric health promotion scale (GHPS). The secondary outcome comprised changes in the short form of the Chinese geriatric depression scale (CGDS-15), fasting blood sugar, total cholesterol, waist circumference and blood pressure.  <p><b></b><p><b><i> </i></b><b>Results: </b> <p>Most of the participants were retired farmers or fishermen over 75 years old and were illiterate. The total scores and all subscales of GHPS, CGDS, along with some physiological indicators, improved significantly between pretest and posttest in both groups. After adjustment for confounders, the intervention in group1 was more effective than that in group2 in terms of self-protection behaviors. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure was significantly lower in group2.  <p><b>Conclusion: </b>   <p>The findings support the view that CBHP programs are valuable for improving healthy lifestyle, fasting blood sugar, blood pressure and depression score among seniors. The low cost and effectiveness of incorporating multidisciplinary resources to help rural elders to maintain health status and a healthier lifestyle indicate that it could be a good strategy for nursing professionals to address the rapidly aging society.en_GB
dc.subjectcommunity-baseden_GB
dc.subjecthealth promotionen_GB
dc.subjectseniorsen_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:38:05Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:38:05Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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