The Influences of Smoking Cognition, Attitude, and Environment on Inpatients' Smoking Behavior

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/304532
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Influences of Smoking Cognition, Attitude, and Environment on Inpatients' Smoking Behavior
Author(s):
Chen, Hsing-Wen; Yeh, Mei-Ling
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Hsing-Wen Chen, RN, MS, ns870084@yahoo.com.tw; Mei-Ling Yeh, RN, PhD;
Abstract:

Poster presented on: Thursday, July 25, 2013, Wednesday, July 24, 2013

Purpose: To explore the influences of smoking cognition, attitude, and environment on smoking behavior in patients who hospitalized at the medical and surgical wards of a regional hospital in Taiwan.

Methods: A total of 220 cases were recruited, with smoking and non smoking groups. Data was collected by using the structured questionnaires, including demographic characteristics, secondhand smoke exposure status, smoking status, nicotine dependence, smoking cognition, anti-smoking attitudes, refused smoking self-efficacy, and smoking cessation experience/willingness. The chi-square test, independent t-test and Spearman correlation analysis were used to analyze data.

Results: There was a significant difference between the smoking and non smoking groups in the harmful effects of tobacco attitudes (F=7.156, P=0.008) and environment factors (P<0.05), but not in the smoking cognition (F=0.102, P=0.750). The smoking group had long length of smoking duration, large amount of cigarette smoking, nicotine dependence, and low self-efficacy in refusing smoking. Smoking behavior was positively associated with those who were male, employment, living with smokers, and workplace secondhand smoke exposure, and negatively associated with those who persuaded to quit smoking (P< 0.05). 88.18% of inpatients agreed with the value of discourage smoking effect on the sign that smoking is harmful during pregnancy.

Conclusion: As interventions for inpatients smoking cessation is focus on smoking cognition and nicotine withdrawal symptom, the effect of smoking cessation is limited. To promote health, medical personnel not only actively intervene to help smokers quit, but encourage non smokers around smokers to control tobacco exposure.

Keywords:
smoking cognition; smoking attitude; smoking environment
Repository Posting Date:
22-Oct-2013
Date of Publication:
22-Oct-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Influences of Smoking Cognition, Attitude, and Environment on Inpatients' Smoking Behavioren_GB
dc.contributor.authorChen, Hsing-Wenen_GB
dc.contributor.authorYeh, Mei-Lingen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen_GB
dc.author.detailsHsing-Wen Chen, RN, MS, ns870084@yahoo.com.tw; Mei-Ling Yeh, RN, PhD;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/304532-
dc.description.abstract<p>Poster presented on: Thursday, July 25, 2013, Wednesday, July 24, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b>To explore the influences of smoking cognition, attitude, and environment on smoking behavior in patients who hospitalized at the medical and surgical wards of a regional hospital in Taiwan. <p><b>Methods: </b>A total of 220 cases were recruited, with smoking and non smoking groups. Data was collected by using the structured questionnaires, including demographic characteristics, secondhand smoke exposure status, smoking status, nicotine dependence, smoking cognition, anti-smoking attitudes, refused smoking self-efficacy, and smoking cessation experience/willingness. The chi-square test, independent t-test and Spearman correlation analysis were used to analyze data. <p><b>Results: </b>There was a significant difference between the smoking and non smoking groups in the harmful effects of tobacco attitudes (<i>F</i><i>=</i>7.156, <i>P</i><i>=</i>0.008) and environment factors (<i>P<</i>0.05), but not in the smoking cognition (<i>F</i><i>=</i>0.102, <i>P</i><i>=</i>0.750). The smoking group had long length of smoking duration, large amount of cigarette smoking, nicotine dependence, and low self-efficacy in refusing smoking. Smoking behavior was positively associated with those who were male, employment, living with smokers, and workplace secondhand smoke exposure, and negatively associated with those who persuaded to quit smoking (<i>P</i>< 0.05). 88.18% of inpatients agreed with the value of discourage smoking effect on the sign that smoking is harmful during pregnancy. <p><b>Conclusion: </b>As interventions for inpatients smoking cessation is focus on smoking cognition and nicotine withdrawal symptom, the effect of smoking cessation is limited. To promote health, medical personnel not only actively intervene to help smokers quit, but encourage non smokers around smokers to control tobacco exposure.en_GB
dc.subjectsmoking cognitionen_GB
dc.subjectsmoking attitudeen_GB
dc.subjectsmoking environmenten_GB
dc.date.available2013-10-22T20:38:08Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-22-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-22T20:38:08Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen_GB
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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