2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/306564
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Poster
Title:
Sniff This: Aromatherapy in the Emergency Department
Author(s):
Steck, Hortense
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Hortense Steck, BSN, BSE, RN, tensiesteck@gmail.com
Abstract:

Research Abstract

Purpose: Pain management is part of the nursing care that emergency nurses provide and administration of non-pharmacological interventions is within the scope of practice of nurses. The purpose of this project was to study the effects of aromatherapy as an adjunct to pharmacological pain interventions on average pain and anxiety ratings as well as patient satisfaction in adults with acute abdominal pain in the emergency department.

Design: A randomized controlled study of 33 subjects was conducted. Subjects in the intervention group receive inhaled aromatherapy and subjects in the control group receive a placebo inhaled aromatherapy. This evidence-based project was designed by an interprofessional team to target the hospital’s goal of reducing pain and improving comfort.

Setting: This project was conducted at an urban, non-profit, level one trauma center and teaching hospital.

Participants/Subjects: Inclusion criteria: a diagnosis of acute abdominal pain requiring a 45 minute or two hour preparation time for computed tomography (CT), a documented complaint of abdominal pain, English speaking, and age 18 or older. Exclusion criteria: aphasia, altered mental status, pregnancy, disorientation, dementia, chronic abdominal pain, blindness, known allergy. Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval from the Nursing Research & Evidence-Based Practice Committee at the hospital and the IRB from the partnering university was obtained. The IRB criteria regarding the protection of human subjects was followed.

Methods: All subjects were assessed for pain and anxiety using a ten centimeter visual analog scale (VAS) prior to the intervention. Three follow-up assessments were completed prior to CT, the fourth reassessment upon return from CT. The outcomes or the independent variables of the study included the average post-treatment VAS for pain and anxiety after receiving inhalation therapy and the subject’s satisfaction regarding his/her pain and anxiety relief measured at the end of participation in the study. The nurse researcher administering the treatment was blinded to the assignment of subjects to study groups. Consent was obtained. Study packets were selected in numerical order and contained the subject’s assignment to the control or intervention group. Patient satisfaction was measured in the form of a brief questionnaire, given upon completion of the study. The questionnaire included four simple questions, with the following response set: strongly agree, agree, disagree, and strongly disagree. Questions included were: My pain was adequately treated while in the emergency department. My anxiety was adequately treated while in the emergency department. Aromatherapy helped decrease my pain. Aromatherapy helped decrease my anxiety.

Results/Outcomes: The project was completed on December 31, 2012. The data is currently being analyzed by a statistician.

Implications: The management of pain and anxiety in patients was an important focus in this study as well as in the care for all patients. This study provides nurses with information about a therapy that can be offered to patients to provide greater comfort during a hospital stay. It is anticipated that the outcomes will trend towards significance, thereby encouraging the use of aromatherapy in the emergency department.

Keywords:
Aromatherapy and pain
Repository Posting Date:
9-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
9-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
2013 ENA Leadership Conference
Conference Host:
Emergency Nurses Association
Conference Location:
Nashville, Tennessee, USA
Description:
2013 ENA Annual Conference Theme: Safe Practice, Safe Care. Held at Gaylord Resort and Convention Center
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePosteren_GB
dc.titleSniff This: Aromatherapy in the Emergency Departmenten_GB
dc.contributor.authorSteck, Hortenseen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen_GB
dc.author.detailsHortense Steck, BSN, BSE, RN, tensiesteck@gmail.comen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/306564-
dc.description.abstract<p>Research Abstract</p><p>Purpose: Pain management is part of the nursing care that emergency nurses provide and administration of non-pharmacological interventions is within the scope of practice of nurses. The purpose of this project was to study the effects of aromatherapy as an adjunct to pharmacological pain interventions on average pain and anxiety ratings as well as patient satisfaction in adults with acute abdominal pain in the emergency department.</p><p>Design: A randomized controlled study of 33 subjects was conducted. Subjects in the intervention group receive inhaled aromatherapy and subjects in the control group receive a placebo inhaled aromatherapy. This evidence-based project was designed by an interprofessional team to target the hospital’s goal of reducing pain and improving comfort.</p><p>Setting: This project was conducted at an urban, non-profit, level one trauma center and teaching hospital.</p><p>Participants/Subjects: Inclusion criteria: a diagnosis of acute abdominal pain requiring a 45 minute or two hour preparation time for computed tomography (CT), a documented complaint of abdominal pain, English speaking, and age 18 or older. Exclusion criteria: aphasia, altered mental status, pregnancy, disorientation, dementia, chronic abdominal pain, blindness, known allergy. Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval from the Nursing Research & Evidence-Based Practice Committee at the hospital and the IRB from the partnering university was obtained. The IRB criteria regarding the protection of human subjects was followed.</p><p>Methods: All subjects were assessed for pain and anxiety using a ten centimeter visual analog scale (VAS) prior to the intervention. Three follow-up assessments were completed prior to CT, the fourth reassessment upon return from CT. The outcomes or the independent variables of the study included the average post-treatment VAS for pain and anxiety after receiving inhalation therapy and the subject’s satisfaction regarding his/her pain and anxiety relief measured at the end of participation in the study. The nurse researcher administering the treatment was blinded to the assignment of subjects to study groups. Consent was obtained. Study packets were selected in numerical order and contained the subject’s assignment to the control or intervention group. Patient satisfaction was measured in the form of a brief questionnaire, given upon completion of the study. The questionnaire included four simple questions, with the following response set: strongly agree, agree, disagree, and strongly disagree. Questions included were: My pain was adequately treated while in the emergency department. My anxiety was adequately treated while in the emergency department. Aromatherapy helped decrease my pain. Aromatherapy helped decrease my anxiety.</p><p>Results/Outcomes: The project was completed on December 31, 2012. The data is currently being analyzed by a statistician.</p><p>Implications: The management of pain and anxiety in patients was an important focus in this study as well as in the care for all patients. This study provides nurses with information about a therapy that can be offered to patients to provide greater comfort during a hospital stay. It is anticipated that the outcomes will trend towards significance, thereby encouraging the use of aromatherapy in the emergency department.</p>en_GB
dc.subjectAromatherapy and painen_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-09T16:59:50Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-09-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-09T16:59:50Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name2013 ENA Leadership Conferenceen_GB
dc.conference.hostEmergency Nurses Associationen_GB
dc.conference.locationNashville, Tennessee, USAen_GB
dc.description2013 ENA Annual Conference Theme: Safe Practice, Safe Care. Held at Gaylord Resort and Convention Centeren_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.