A Systematic Review of Behavioral Interventions to Promote Condom Use

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/307838
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
A Systematic Review of Behavioral Interventions to Promote Condom Use
Author(s):
von Sadovszky, Victoria; Boch, Samantha; Draudt, Breana
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Epsilon
Author Details:
Victoria von Sadovszky, PhD, RN, von-sadovszky.1@osu.edu; Samantha Boch, BSN; Breana Draudt, BSN
Abstract:

Poster presented on: Monday, November 18, 2013, Tuesday, November 19, 2013

Background:  Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a major public health problem.  Realistically, condom use is still the primary means in which to prevent STIs.  Many behavioral intervention studies have been performed to increase condom use across multiple populations. 

Aims:  The purpose of this paper is to examine Level I evidence of behavioral intervention studies to promote condom use utilizing Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt’s (2011) guidelines.  The following question was used to guide this review, “Among heterosexual adolescent and young adults, do behavioral interventions improve condom use and other safer sexual practices and reduce STIs compared to the usual care; and if so, what are the characteristics of successful interventions?”

Methods:  A systematic search for literature was conducted in the following databases:  Cochrane Library, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), MEDLINE, PubMed, and Psychological and Behavioral Sciences Collection.  The following parameters were placed on the search:  1) a meta-analysis or level 1 synthesis of literature containing only intervention (randomized control trials or quasi-experimental) studies; 2) peer-reviewed journals; 3) published in the past 10 years (2002 – 2012); 3) had adolescents and/or adults as the sample (13 – 44 years); and 4) were published in English.

Results:  Behavioral interventions were effective in promoting condom use and other safer sexual practices and reducing STIs.  They were not effective in promoting abstinence.  Tailoring to certain characteristics of the population and including skills building exercises were primary characteristics in successful interventions

Implications:  There is a preponderance of evidence that behavioral interventions do promote condom use and reduce STIs across diverse groups of individuals.  Clinicians can use these interventions with confidence in practice.

Keywords:
sexual abstinence; sexually transmitted diseases; sexual behavior
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleA Systematic Review of Behavioral Interventions to Promote Condom Useen_GB
dc.contributor.authorvon Sadovszky, Victoriaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBoch, Samanthaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorDraudt, Breanaen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentEpsilonen_GB
dc.author.detailsVictoria von Sadovszky, PhD, RN, von-sadovszky.1@osu.edu; Samantha Boch, BSN; Breana Draudt, BSNen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/307838-
dc.description.abstract<p>Poster presented on: Monday, November 18, 2013, Tuesday, November 19, 2013</p><b>Background:</b>  Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a major public health problem.  Realistically, condom use is still the primary means in which to prevent STIs.  Many behavioral intervention studies have been performed to increase condom use across multiple populations.  <p><b>Aims:</b>  The purpose of this paper is to examine Level I evidence of behavioral intervention studies to promote condom use utilizing Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt’s (2011) guidelines.  The following question was used to guide this review, “Among heterosexual adolescent and young adults, do behavioral interventions improve condom use and other safer sexual practices and reduce STIs compared to the usual care; and if so, what are the characteristics of successful interventions?” <p><b>Methods:</b>  A systematic search for literature was conducted in the following databases:  Cochrane Library, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), MEDLINE, PubMed, and Psychological and Behavioral Sciences Collection.  The following parameters were placed on the search:  1) a meta-analysis or level 1 synthesis of literature containing only intervention (randomized control trials or quasi-experimental) studies; 2) peer-reviewed journals; 3) published in the past 10 years (2002 – 2012); 3) had adolescents and/or adults as the sample (13 – 44 years); and 4) were published in English. <p><b>Results:  </b>Behavioral interventions were effective in promoting condom use and other safer sexual practices and reducing STIs.  They were not effective in promoting abstinence.  Tailoring to certain characteristics of the population and including skills building exercises were primary characteristics in successful interventions <p><b>Implications:</b>  There is a preponderance of evidence that behavioral interventions do promote condom use and reduce STIs across diverse groups of individuals.  Clinicians can use these interventions with confidence in practice.en_GB
dc.subjectsexual abstinenceen_GB
dc.subjectsexually transmitted diseasesen_GB
dc.subjectsexual behavioren_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:23:08Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:23:08Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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