Nursing Education and Workforce Development: Implications for Maternal Health

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/307892
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Nursing Education and Workforce Development: Implications for Maternal Health
Author(s):
Ezeonwu, Mabel
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Psi-at-Large
Author Details:
Mabel Ezeonwu, PhD, RN, mezeo@u.washington.edu
Abstract:

Session presented on: Sunday, November 17, 2013

Background: Nurses in Nigeria play significant roles in maternal health services provision. The high maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in Nigeria – estimated at 630 per 100,000 live births (World Health Organization [WHO], 2011) is an indicator of serious maternal health needs. Training, recruitment and retention of appropriate number of health personnel, particularly nurses and midwives are crucial for maternal death reduction. Nurses and midwives direct and provide most obstetric care more than any other providers, and they are highly preferred in Nigeria (Ezeonwu, 2011). Although Nigeria has a relatively high number of nursing personnel – a pool of 210,306 nurses compared to other African countries (WHO, 2006), there is still a significant shortage of nurses required to meet the health needs of a country of over 154.7 million people (WHO, 2012), that lags in positive maternal health outcomes.. Emphasis on nursing education and workforce development presents legitimate policy discussions in efforts to improve maternal health.

Methods: For this descriptive study, face-to-face interviews were conducted with nurse experts and leaders in Nigeria. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze the data.

Findings:

  1. As mandated by the Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria, nursing schools have competitive admission requirements, and rigorous and integrative curriculum.
  2. Pedagogical and multi-faceted health systems issues including unemployment, lower wages and migration plague nursing workforce development.
  3. The quality of instruction, the number and quality of nurse graduates, and the quality of care delivered, impact maternal health outcomes.

Conclusion: Nursing schools in Nigeria continue to graduate competent nurses despite tough challenges. The workforce is highly volatile with inadequate number of nurses available to care for the growing population, including women. Broader training and retention policies are needed to improve maternal health outcomes.

Keywords:
Nigeria; Nursing education and workforce; Maternal health
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleNursing Education and Workforce Development: Implications for Maternal Healthen_GB
dc.contributor.authorEzeonwu, Mabelen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentPsi-at-Largeen_GB
dc.author.detailsMabel Ezeonwu, PhD, RN, mezeo@u.washington.eduen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/307892-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Sunday, November 17, 2013</p><b>Background:</b> Nurses in Nigeria play significant roles in maternal health services provision. The high maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in Nigeria – estimated at 630 per 100,000 live births (World Health Organization [WHO], 2011) is an indicator of serious maternal health needs. Training, recruitment and retention of appropriate number of health personnel, particularly nurses and midwives are crucial for maternal death reduction. Nurses and midwives direct and provide most obstetric care more than any other providers, and they are highly preferred in Nigeria (Ezeonwu, 2011). Although Nigeria has a relatively high number of nursing personnel – a pool of 210,306 nurses compared to other African countries (WHO, 2006), there is still a significant shortage of nurses required to meet the health needs of a country of over 154.7 million people (WHO, 2012), that lags in positive maternal health outcomes.. Emphasis on nursing education and workforce development presents legitimate policy discussions in efforts to improve maternal health. <p><b>Methods:</b> For this descriptive study, face-to-face interviews were conducted with nurse experts and leaders in Nigeria. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze the data. <p><b>Findings: </b> <ol> <li>As mandated by the Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria, nursing schools have competitive admission requirements, and rigorous and integrative curriculum.</li> <li>Pedagogical and multi-faceted health systems issues including unemployment, lower wages and migration plague nursing workforce development.</li> <li>The quality of instruction, the number and quality of nurse graduates, and the quality of care delivered, impact maternal health outcomes.</li> </ol><p><b>Conclusion:</b> Nursing schools in Nigeria continue to graduate competent nurses despite tough challenges. The workforce is highly volatile with inadequate number of nurses available to care for the growing population, including women. Broader training and retention policies are needed to improve maternal health outcomes.en_GB
dc.subjectNigeriaen_GB
dc.subjectNursing education and workforceen_GB
dc.subjectMaternal healthen_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:23:44Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:23:44Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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