A DVD intervention to improve the tuberculosis related knowledge and practices of adults with low literacy: a quasi-experimental design

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/307950
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
A DVD intervention to improve the tuberculosis related knowledge and practices of adults with low literacy: a quasi-experimental design
Author(s):
Wright, Susan C.; Molapo, Molapo Tshepo J
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Tau Lambda at-Large
Author Details:
Susan C. Wright, D, Tech, Nursing, wrightscd@tut.ac.za; Molapo Tshepo J Molapo, M Cur Nursing
Abstract:

Session presented on: Tuesday, November 19, 2013

Tuberculosis has been declared a disease of priority in South Africa. One contributing factor is low levels of literacy and health literacy in the adult population. The Department of Health acknowledges that more than 8 million South Africans may not be able to benefit from behaviour change material that is designed for the general population due to low literacy. One medium where the ability to read is negated is a DVD.  The research question explored was whether an English or Sepedi DVD is more effective to improve tuberculosis related knowledge and practices in adults in Mamelodi. The theoretical basis of the study was the Communication Behaviour Change Model, Pawlak Health’s Literacy Model and the Principles of Teaching Adults with Low Literacy. A quasi-experimental pre-post design was used to obtain evidence of the effectiveness of a Sepedi or English DVD to improve the tuberculosis related knowledge and practices of 60 apparently healthy adults living in Mamelodi (n = 60). The data gathering method was self report using a validated questionnaire. A structured interview was used to gather the data. The pre-post testing period was 6 weeks. Data analysis was done with descriptive statistics and the non-parametric chi-square test. The p-value chosen was 0.05 to indicate a significant difference. The findings of the study indicate that some aspects of tuberculosis such as transmission, night sweating, curability and health service points are well known but other aspects such as the cause of tuberculosis, healthy practices regarding phlegm spitting, the relationship regarding HIV and tuberculosis, MDR or XDR tuberculosis or the DOT programme were not well known. The Sepedi DVD was more effective in improving the participants’ tuberculosis related knowledge and practices.
Keywords:
low literacy; tuberculosis; health education intervention
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleA DVD intervention to improve the tuberculosis related knowledge and practices of adults with low literacy: a quasi-experimental designen_GB
dc.contributor.authorWright, Susan C.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorMolapo, Molapo Tshepo Jen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentTau Lambda at-Largeen_GB
dc.author.detailsSusan C. Wright, D, Tech, Nursing, wrightscd@tut.ac.za; Molapo Tshepo J Molapo, M Cur Nursingen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/307950-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Tuesday, November 19, 2013</p>Tuberculosis has been declared a disease of priority in South Africa. One contributing factor is low levels of literacy and health literacy in the adult population. The Department of Health acknowledges that more than 8 million South Africans may not be able to benefit from behaviour change material that is designed for the general population due to low literacy. One medium where the ability to read is negated is a DVD.  The research question explored was whether an English or Sepedi DVD is more effective to improve tuberculosis related knowledge and practices in adults in Mamelodi. The theoretical basis of the study was the Communication Behaviour Change Model, Pawlak Health’s Literacy Model and the Principles of Teaching Adults with Low Literacy. A quasi-experimental pre-post design was used to obtain evidence of the effectiveness of a Sepedi or English DVD to improve the tuberculosis related knowledge and practices of 60 apparently healthy adults living in Mamelodi (n = 60). The data gathering method was self report using a validated questionnaire. A structured interview was used to gather the data. The pre-post testing period was 6 weeks. Data analysis was done with descriptive statistics and the non-parametric chi-square test. The <i>p</i>-value chosen was 0.05 to indicate a significant difference. The findings of the study indicate that some aspects of tuberculosis such as transmission, night sweating, curability and health service points are well known but other aspects such as the cause of tuberculosis, healthy practices regarding phlegm spitting, the relationship regarding HIV and tuberculosis, MDR or XDR tuberculosis or the DOT programme were not well known. The Sepedi DVD was more effective in improving the participants’ tuberculosis related knowledge and practices.en_GB
dc.subjectlow literacyen_GB
dc.subjecttuberculosisen_GB
dc.subjecthealth education interventionen_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:24:33Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:24:33Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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