2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/307980
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Pre-pregnancy Obesity Rates in Urban and Rural Texas
Author(s):
Restrepo, Elizabeth B.; Liu, Fuqin
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Beta Beta
Author Details:
Elizabeth B. Restrepo, PhD, RN, erestrepo@twu.edu; Fuqin Liu, PhD, RN
Abstract:

Poster presented on: Monday, November 18, 2013, Tuesday, November 19, 2013

Pre-pregnancy Obesity Rates in Urban and Rural Texas

Introduction: Growing evidence indicates complications of pregnancy increase with severity of maternal obesity. Births in Texas counties, of which more than 70% are rural, account for approximately10% of annual US births. The rural population is noted for health challenges. The purpose of this study was to compare pre-pregnancy obesity rates in urban and rural Texas.

Methods: This is a retrospective cohort design. Data were derived from merged Texas birth and infant death certificates. The population represents women delivering in Texas from 2005 through 2009, inclusive (> 2 million births). Based on pre-pregnancy BMI, we classified the population as underweight, normal-weight, overweight, obese, and super obese. We conducted statistical analyses using SPSS (version 19) and used descriptive statistics to examine pre-pregnancy obesity rates in rural and urban populations.

Results: Analyses revealed that 89.3% of our maternal population resided in urban counties, with 10.7% residing in rural counties. Overall obesity rate was higher among rural residents, however. For urban residents, overweight rates fluctuated around 24.4% from 2005 to 2009 and obesity rates trended upward from 18.8% in 2005 to 21.0 % in 2009. The super-obesity rate in the urban population, which was 0.3% in 2005, increased to 0.4% in 2007 and remained constant for 2008 and 2009. For rural residents, the overweight rate increased from 24.8% in 2005 to 25.2% in 2009. The obesity rate trended upward from 23.5% in 2005 to 26.0 % in 2009 and the super obesity rate rose from 0.4% to 0.5% over the five-year period.

Implications: Pre-pregnancy obesity represents an immense health burden in Texas. Over a five-year period, mothers in the rural population experienced higher prevalence and greater increase in rate of pre-pregnancy obesity than their urban counterparts. Policy efforts should address the urban and rural pre-pregnancy obesity.

Keywords:
Obesity; Complications; Pre-pregnancy
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePre-pregnancy Obesity Rates in Urban and Rural Texasen_GB
dc.contributor.authorRestrepo, Elizabeth B.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Fuqinen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentBeta Betaen_GB
dc.author.detailsElizabeth B. Restrepo, PhD, RN, erestrepo@twu.edu; Fuqin Liu, PhD, RNen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/307980-
dc.description.abstract<p>Poster presented on: Monday, November 18, 2013, Tuesday, November 19, 2013</p>Pre-pregnancy Obesity Rates in Urban and Rural Texas <p><b>Introduction: </b>Growing evidence indicates complications of pregnancy increase with severity of maternal obesity. Births in Texas counties, of which more than 70% are rural, account for approximately10% of annual US births. The rural population is noted for health challenges. The purpose of this study was to compare pre-pregnancy obesity rates in urban and rural Texas. <p><b>Methods: </b>This is a retrospective cohort design. Data were derived from merged Texas birth and infant death certificates. The population represents women delivering in Texas from 2005 through 2009, inclusive (> 2 million births). Based on pre-pregnancy BMI, we classified the population as underweight, normal-weight, overweight, obese, and super obese. We conducted statistical analyses using SPSS (version 19) and used descriptive statistics to examine pre-pregnancy obesity rates in rural and urban populations. <p><b>Results: </b>Analyses revealed that 89.3% of our maternal population resided in urban counties, with 10.7% residing in rural counties. Overall obesity rate was higher among rural residents, however. For urban residents, overweight rates fluctuated around 24.4% from 2005 to 2009 and obesity rates trended upward from 18.8% in 2005 to 21.0 % in 2009. The super-obesity rate in the urban population, which was 0.3% in 2005, increased to 0.4% in 2007 and remained constant for 2008 and 2009. For rural residents, the overweight rate increased from 24.8% in 2005 to 25.2% in 2009. The obesity rate trended upward from 23.5% in 2005 to 26.0 % in 2009 and the super obesity rate rose from 0.4% to 0.5% over the five-year period. <p><b>Implications: </b>Pre-pregnancy obesity represents an immense health burden in Texas. Over a five-year period, mothers in the rural population experienced higher prevalence and greater increase in rate of pre-pregnancy obesity than their urban counterparts. Policy efforts should address the urban and rural pre-pregnancy obesity.en_GB
dc.subjectObesityen_GB
dc.subjectComplicationsen_GB
dc.subjectPre-pregnancyen_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:24:58Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:24:58Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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