Sociodemographic Characteristics and Visual Capacity in Older Adults Living in Saltillo, Coahuila. Mexico and Lima, Peru: A Comparative Study

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/307998
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Sociodemographic Characteristics and Visual Capacity in Older Adults Living in Saltillo, Coahuila. Mexico and Lima, Peru: A Comparative Study
Author(s):
Villarreal-Reyna, María de los Angeles; Carhuapoma-Acosta, Mistral; Silva-Fhon, Roberto; Delabra-Salinas, Maria Magdalena; Zuñiga-Chura, Elena; Carrillo-Cervantes, Ana Laura; Garcia-Meza, Wendy
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
María de los Angeles Villarreal-Reyna, PhD, mced_us@yahoo.com; Mistral Carhuapoma-Acosta, RN; Roberto Silva-Fhon, RN; Maria Magdalena Delabra-Salinas, RN; Elena Zuñiga-Chura, RN; Ana Laura Carrillo-Cervantes, RN; Wendy Garcia-Meza, BS
Abstract:

Poster presented on: Sunday, November 17, 2013, Saturday, November 16, 2013

Purpose: To compare the variability of sociodemographic characteristics and visual capacity in older adults living in the metropolitan area of Saltillo, Coahuila. Mexico and Lima, Peru.

Methodology: Descriptive–Comparative Design. Population integrated by older adults with 60 or more years, users of the Day Centers for Older Adults. The calculated sample was of 210 Older Adults from Saltillo, Coahuila (n1=105) and Lima, Peru (n2=105) selected by convenience. Visual field and visual acuity tests were made.

Results: The mean for age from the participants in both samples is of 74 years (t(208) = -.662; p=.509). In average, the older adults from Lima, Peru have a higher level of schooling (X (n1) = 5; ((n2) =10; U = 2174: p<.001) and live with a higher number of persons(X (n1) = 1; X (n2) = 3; U = 2957 p<.001). In both samples, the most part of the participants are females (f(n1) = 87; f(n2)=77; x2 = 2. 25; p.133). Older adults in Saltillo, Coahuila show with more frequency that they live without a couple (f(n1) = 75; f(n2)=59; x2= 4.64; p= .031) and a higher presence of chronic diseases: diabetes (f(n1) = 28; f(n2)=16; x2= 3.47; p= .042) and hypertension (f(n1) = 65; f(n2)=44; x2= 7.63; p= .006). More than the 50% of older adults from Saltillo, Coahuila and more than the 40% in Lima, Peru reported no normality in the valuation of visual fields (p > .05) In both samples, most of 50% of participants showed no normality in the visual acuity, without (p> .05).

Conclusions: The loss of visual capacity is one of the most frequent limitations in vulnerable older adults. It is necessary to continue studying the phenomenon of dependency. Nursing possesses the potential to generate relevant and innovative knowledge about the functionality of the older adult and the global attention in Nursing.

Keywords:
dependency; Older Adults; Visual Capacity
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleSociodemographic Characteristics and Visual Capacity in Older Adults Living in Saltillo, Coahuila. Mexico and Lima, Peru: A Comparative Studyen_GB
dc.contributor.authorVillarreal-Reyna, María de los Angelesen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCarhuapoma-Acosta, Mistralen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSilva-Fhon, Robertoen_GB
dc.contributor.authorDelabra-Salinas, Maria Magdalenaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorZuñiga-Chura, Elenaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCarrillo-Cervantes, Ana Lauraen_GB
dc.contributor.authorGarcia-Meza, Wendyen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen_GB
dc.author.detailsMaría de los Angeles Villarreal-Reyna, PhD, mced_us@yahoo.com; Mistral Carhuapoma-Acosta, RN; Roberto Silva-Fhon, RN; Maria Magdalena Delabra-Salinas, RN; Elena Zuñiga-Chura, RN; Ana Laura Carrillo-Cervantes, RN; Wendy Garcia-Meza, BSen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/307998-
dc.description.abstract<p>Poster presented on: Sunday, November 17, 2013, Saturday, November 16, 2013</p><b>Purpose: </b>To compare the variability of sociodemographic characteristics and visual capacity in older adults living in the metropolitan area of Saltillo, Coahuila. Mexico and Lima, Peru. <p><b>Methodology: </b>Descriptive–Comparative Design. Population integrated by older adults with 60 or more years, users of the Day Centers for Older Adults. The calculated sample was of 210 Older Adults from Saltillo, Coahuila (n<sub>1=105</sub>) and Lima, Peru (n<sub>2=105</sub>) selected by convenience. Visual field and visual acuity tests were made. <p><b>Results: </b>The mean for age from the participants in both samples is of 74 years (t<sub>(208)</sub> = -.662; p=.509). In average, the older adults from Lima, Peru have a higher level of schooling (X<sub> (n1</sub><sub>)</sub> = 5; <sub>(</sub>X <sub>(n2) </sub>=10; U = 2174: p<.001) and live with a higher number of persons(X<sub> (n1</sub><sub>)</sub> = 1; X<sub> (</sub><sub>n2) </sub>= 3; U = 2957 p<.001). In both samples, the most part of the participants are females (f<sub>(</sub>n<sub>1</sub><sub>)</sub> = 87; f<sub>(</sub>n<sub>2)</sub>=77; x<sup>2</sup> = 2. 25; p.133). Older adults in Saltillo, Coahuila show with more frequency that they live without a couple (f<sub>(</sub>n<sub>1</sub><sub>)</sub> = 75; f<sub>(</sub>n<sub>2)</sub>=59; x<sup>2</sup>= 4.64; p= .031) and a higher presence of chronic diseases: diabetes (f<sub>(</sub>n<sub>1</sub><sub>)</sub> = 28; f<sub>(</sub>n<sub>2)</sub>=16; x<sup>2</sup>= 3.47; p= .042) and hypertension (f<sub>(</sub>n<sub>1</sub><sub>)</sub> = 65; f<sub>(</sub>n<sub>2)</sub>=44; x<sup>2</sup>= 7.63; p= .006). More than the 50% of older adults from Saltillo, Coahuila and more than the 40% in Lima, Peru reported no normality in the valuation of visual fields (p > .05) In both samples, most of 50% of participants showed no normality in the visual acuity, without (p> .05). <p><b>Conclusions:</b> The loss of visual capacity is one of the most frequent limitations in vulnerable older adults. It is necessary to continue studying the phenomenon of dependency. Nursing possesses the potential to generate relevant and innovative knowledge about the functionality of the older adult and the global attention in Nursing.en_GB
dc.subjectdependencyen_GB
dc.subjectOlder Adultsen_GB
dc.subjectVisual Capacityen_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:25:12Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:25:12Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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