Intercultural Web-Conferencing to Increase Cultural Competence of Nursing Students

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/307999
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Intercultural Web-Conferencing to Increase Cultural Competence of Nursing Students
Author(s):
Spalla, Tara Lynn
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Rho Omicron
Author Details:
Tara Lynn Spalla, PhD, RN, tspalla@mccn.edu
Abstract:

Session presented on: Saturday, November 16, 2013

Purpose

Nurse educators must prepare students to care for a diverse population. Web-conferencing across diverse groups is one teaching method that may assist students to develop intercultural skills. Mixed-methods research examined web-conferencing’s influence on cultural competence and transcultural self-efficacy of American undergraduate nursing students.

Theoretical Rationale

Current strategies to increase cultural competence of students include theory dissemination, study abroad, service learning, distance education, and simulation. Study abroad, the platinum standard, is costly, not feasible for all institutions/students. Merely 1.4 percent of US students study abroad. New experiential learning tools should be explored.

Video and/or web-conferencing is used world-wide to bridge distance and assist multicultural communication through live voice/video, engaging more students interculturally without constraints of geography and resources. Technology is utilized for mutual scaffolding and social construction of knowledge.  Content and culture are learned together with international peers.

Subjects

Freshman U.S. nursing students in required course were recruited (n=33). Study participants were randomly assigned to treatment group (n=18) or control group (n=15). A student cohort from University in Dublin, Ireland participated in web-conferences but not this research.

Method

Two Likert-style survey instruments measuring cultural competence and transcultural self-efficacy were administered pre –post. Students in treatment group participated in two web-conferences, covering topics presented in lecture with control group. Thirteen students from web-conferencing group participated in one of four qualitative focus group interviews.

Results

Cultural competence post scores: treatment group rose nine percent, control group no change. Web-conferencing did not influence transcultural self-efficacy. Categories of data themes for qualitative research questions included: cultural awareness, impact of pedagogy, development of cultural competence.

Conclusions

Web-conferencing with diverse peers may help to increase cultural competence of nursing students. Strategic placement throughout grade levels and curricula may increase cumulative impact of this experiential learning pedagogy.

Keywords:
Technology; Nursing Education; Cultural Competence
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleIntercultural Web-Conferencing to Increase Cultural Competence of Nursing Studentsen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSpalla, Tara Lynnen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentRho Omicronen_GB
dc.author.detailsTara Lynn Spalla, PhD, RN, tspalla@mccn.eduen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/307999-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Saturday, November 16, 2013</p><b>Purpose</b><p>Nurse educators must prepare students to care for a diverse population. Web-conferencing across diverse groups is one teaching method that may assist students to develop intercultural skills. Mixed-methods research examined web-conferencing’s influence on cultural competence and transcultural self-efficacy of American undergraduate nursing students. <p><b>Theoretical Rationale </b><p>Current strategies to increase cultural competence of students include theory dissemination, study abroad, service learning, distance education, and simulation. Study abroad, the platinum standard, is costly, not feasible for all institutions/students. Merely 1.4 percent of US students study abroad. New experiential learning tools should be explored. <p>Video and/or web-conferencing is used world-wide to bridge distance and assist multicultural communication through live voice/video, engaging more students interculturally without constraints of geography and resources. Technology is utilized for mutual scaffolding and social construction of knowledge.  Content and culture are learned together with international peers. <p><b>Subjects</b><p>Freshman U.S. nursing students in required course were recruited (n=33). Study participants were randomly assigned to treatment group (n=18) or control group (n=15). A student cohort from University in Dublin, Ireland participated in web-conferences but not this research. <p><b>Method</b><p>Two Likert-style survey instruments measuring cultural competence and transcultural self-efficacy were administered pre –post. Students in treatment group participated in two web-conferences, covering topics presented in lecture with control group. Thirteen students from web-conferencing group participated in one of four qualitative focus group interviews. <p><b>Results</b><p>Cultural competence post scores: treatment group rose nine percent, control group no change. Web-conferencing did not influence transcultural self-efficacy. Categories of data themes for qualitative research questions included: cultural awareness, impact of pedagogy, development of cultural competence. <p><b>Conclusions</b><p>Web-conferencing with diverse peers may help to increase cultural competence of nursing students. Strategic placement throughout grade levels and curricula may increase cumulative impact of this experiential learning pedagogy.en_GB
dc.subjectTechnologyen_GB
dc.subjectNursing Educationen_GB
dc.subjectCultural Competenceen_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:25:13Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:25:13Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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