Teen Take Heart: Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Targeting At-Risk Adolescents in Vulnerable Communities

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/308046
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Teen Take Heart: Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Targeting At-Risk Adolescents in Vulnerable Communities
Author(s):
Palazzo, Steven J; Ayala, Nelly C; Baumer, Donald H.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Steven J Palazzo, PhD, MN, RN, palazzos@seattleu.edu; Nelly C Ayala, RN, BS, BA; Donald H. Baumer, RN, MA, BA
Abstract:

Poster presented on: Monday, November 18, 2013, Tuesday, November 19, 2013

Purpose: We have designed two interactive, kit-based educational lessons that target 10th grade Washington State high school students as part of the Teen Take Heart program. One lesson focuses on cardiovascular disease (CVD) pathology and contributing risk factors. The second focuses on utilizing nutrition and activity to improve cardiovascular health.

Background: The increasing prevalence of chronic disease is a major concern in the United States (Barlow, 2007). Poor nutrition, physical inactivity, and other negative health behaviors place adolescents at risk for CVD and associated comorbidities. Obesity and other modifiable risk factors for CVD in adolescents are linked to adult development of CVD (Hayman et al., 2004). Increasing rates of poverty among US youth will likely exacerbate the development of CVD risk factors (Hendricks & Duggan, 2005). The American Heart Association has called for prevention programs for adolescents promoting lifestyle changes that decrease risk factors (Hayman et al., 2007). Evidence suggests that high school teachers are effective at engendering measurable lifestyle changes among students (Aquilani et al., 2007).

Approach: Knowledge comprehension will be measured via pre- and post-tests. Health indicators, such as baseline blood pressure and BMI will be measured at the start of the program, and at 3- and 6-months post-intervention. Student journal entries will be reviewed for self-reported changes in attitudes and behaviors towards adopting healthier lifestyles.  

Expected Outcomes: The impact of these lessons will be evaluated by measuring: student learning outcomes, reported changes in health-related behaviors, and changes in health indicators (BMI, blood pressure) at 3- and 6-months post-intervention. Additionally, we expect higher scores on knowledge comprehension post-tests.

Conclusion: We expect the lessons will facilitate high school students’ engagement in healthier lifestyle behaviors, and increase awareness of CVD and associated risk factors.

Keywords:
At-Risk Adolescents; Teen Take Heart; Cardiovascular Disease
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleTeen Take Heart: Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Targeting At-Risk Adolescents in Vulnerable Communitiesen_GB
dc.contributor.authorPalazzo, Steven Jen_GB
dc.contributor.authorAyala, Nelly Cen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBaumer, Donald H.en_GB
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen_GB
dc.author.detailsSteven J Palazzo, PhD, MN, RN, palazzos@seattleu.edu; Nelly C Ayala, RN, BS, BA; Donald H. Baumer, RN, MA, BAen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/308046-
dc.description.abstract<p>Poster presented on: Monday, November 18, 2013, Tuesday, November 19, 2013</p>Purpose: We have designed two interactive, kit-based educational lessons that target 10<sup>th </sup>grade Washington State high school students as part of the Teen Take Heart program. One lesson focuses on cardiovascular disease (CVD) pathology and contributing risk factors. The second focuses on utilizing nutrition and activity to improve cardiovascular health. <p>Background: The increasing prevalence of chronic disease is a major concern in the United States (Barlow, 2007). Poor nutrition, physical inactivity, and other negative health behaviors place adolescents at risk for CVD and associated comorbidities. Obesity and other modifiable risk factors for CVD in adolescents are linked to adult development of CVD (Hayman et al., 2004). Increasing rates of poverty among US youth will likely exacerbate the development of CVD risk factors (Hendricks & Duggan, 2005). The American Heart Association has called for prevention programs for adolescents promoting lifestyle changes that decrease risk factors (Hayman et al., 2007). Evidence suggests that high school teachers are effective at engendering measurable lifestyle changes among students (Aquilani et al., 2007). <p>Approach: Knowledge comprehension will be measured via pre- and post-tests. Health indicators, such as baseline blood pressure and BMI will be measured at the start of the program, and at 3- and 6-months post-intervention. Student journal entries will be reviewed for self-reported changes in attitudes and behaviors towards adopting healthier lifestyles.   <p>Expected Outcomes: The impact of these lessons will be evaluated by measuring: student learning outcomes, reported changes in health-related behaviors, and changes in health indicators (BMI, blood pressure) at 3- and 6-months post-intervention. Additionally, we expect higher scores on knowledge comprehension post-tests. <p>Conclusion: We expect the lessons will facilitate high school students’ engagement in healthier lifestyle behaviors, and increase awareness of CVD and associated risk factors.en_GB
dc.subjectAt-Risk Adolescentsen_GB
dc.subjectTeen Take Hearten_GB
dc.subjectCardiovascular Diseaseen_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:26:10Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:26:10Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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