2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/308139
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Impact of Cancer Treatment on Desired Functional Status
Author(s):
Poirier, Patricia A.; Sossong, Ann E.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Omicron Xi-at-Large
Author Details:
Patricia A. Poirier, PhD, RN, patricia.poirier@umit.maine.edu; Ann E. Sossong, PhD, RN
Abstract:

Poster presented on: Tuesday, November 19, 2013, Monday, November 18, 2013

A major focus of oncology nursing is maintaining quality of life including ability to perform daily activities (functional status) in individual’s undergoing cancer treatment.  Research has shown that functional status declines during both radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Treatment-related side effects, age, race/ethnicity, education, employment, and living situation are associated with functional status during cancer treatment. Vulnerable populations such as the elderly with multiple co-morbidities are especially susceptible to decline in functional status during cancer treatment.

Current focus on patient-centered care requires that patient preferences (desires), needs, and values guide clinical decisions. Many studies have examined actual functional status in individuals undergoing cancer treatment. Few studies have measured desired functional status or those activities that patients prefer to do during their treatment. The Comprehensive Inventory of Functioning-Cancer (CIF-CA), derived directly from the role function mode of the Roy Adaptation Model, is a novel instrument that measures both actual and desired functional status.

A study will be initiated to examine the relationship between individual characteristics and desired functional status in approximately 100 men and 100 women with stage I-III solid tumors currently receiving adjuvant chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Further development and testing of the CIF-CA will be undertaken.

Data will be obtained once during an individual’s chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Participants will be asked to complete a demographic data questionnaire and the CIF-CA.  Psychometric tests of validity and reliability will be conducted on the CIF-CA. Differences in functional status by individual characteristics will be explored using x2, t –test, or ANOVA. Multiple regression analysis will be used to model desired functional status as a function of individual characteristics.

Information gained from this study will provide nurses with information to identify patients who are particularly vulnerable to decline in functional status and intervene early on in treatment to support desired activities.

Keywords:
cancer treatment; vulnerable populations; functional status
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleImpact of Cancer Treatment on Desired Functional Statusen_GB
dc.contributor.authorPoirier, Patricia A.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorSossong, Ann E.en_GB
dc.contributor.departmentOmicron Xi-at-Largeen_GB
dc.author.detailsPatricia A. Poirier, PhD, RN, patricia.poirier@umit.maine.edu; Ann E. Sossong, PhD, RNen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/308139-
dc.description.abstract<p>Poster presented on: Tuesday, November 19, 2013, Monday, November 18, 2013</p>A major focus of oncology nursing is maintaining quality of life including ability to perform daily activities (functional status) in individual’s undergoing cancer treatment.  Research has shown that functional status declines during both radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Treatment-related side effects, age, race/ethnicity, education, employment, and living situation are associated with functional status during cancer treatment. Vulnerable populations such as the elderly with multiple co-morbidities are especially susceptible to decline in functional status during cancer treatment. <p>Current focus on patient-centered care requires that patient preferences (desires), needs, and values guide clinical decisions. Many studies have examined actual functional status in individuals undergoing cancer treatment. Few studies have measured desired functional status or those activities that patients prefer to do during their treatment. The Comprehensive Inventory of Functioning-Cancer (CIF-CA), derived directly from the role function mode of the Roy Adaptation Model, is a novel instrument that measures both actual and desired functional status. <p>A study will be initiated to examine the relationship between individual characteristics and desired functional status in approximately 100 men and 100 women with stage I-III solid tumors currently receiving adjuvant chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Further development and testing of the CIF-CA will be undertaken. <p>Data will be obtained once during an individual’s chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Participants will be asked to complete a demographic data questionnaire and the CIF-CA.  Psychometric tests of validity and reliability will be conducted on the CIF-CA. Differences in functional status by individual characteristics will be explored using x<sup>2</sup>, t –test, or ANOVA. Multiple regression analysis will be used to model desired functional status as a function of individual characteristics. <p>Information gained from this study will provide nurses with information to identify patients who are particularly vulnerable to decline in functional status and intervene early on in treatment to support desired activities.en_GB
dc.subjectcancer treatmenten_GB
dc.subjectvulnerable populationsen_GB
dc.subjectfunctional statusen_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:27:24Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:27:24Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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