The COPE On-line Program for the Prevention of Depression and Anxiety in College Freshmen: Methods and Baseline Correlates

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/308216
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The COPE On-line Program for the Prevention of Depression and Anxiety in College Freshmen: Methods and Baseline Correlates
Author(s):
Melnyk, Bernadette Mazurek; Bowersox, Kristen; Amaya, Megan E; Taylor, Tiffany; Szalacha, Laura; Hoying, Jacqueline
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Beta Upsilon
Author Details:
Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, PhD, RN, CPNP/PMHNP, FNAP, FAAN, Melnyk.15@osu.edu; Kristen Bowersox, BS, RN; Megan E Amaya, PhD; Tiffany Taylor, RN, CPNP; Laura Szalacha, EdD; Jacqueline Hoying, MS, RN, NEA-BC
Abstract:

Session presented on: Tuesday, November 19, 2013

Purpose: The increasing prevalence of depression and anxiety disorders in college students calls for theory-based intervention programs that can be easily integrated into required course work. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to describe the methods and baseline findings of a randomized controlled pilot trial with college students enrolled in a one credit required freshmen survey course in which an on-line cognitive-behavioral skills building program was integrated. Baseline data and correlates among the study variables will be described.

Methods: A randomized controlled pilot trial was conducted with 121 freshmen college students enrolled in a required one credit survey course their first semester of college. The COPE program is a self-paced, on-line 7-session cognitive behavioral skills building intervention, which was integrated into a one credit required freshen survey course. The attention control program was the required freshmen survey course without COPE. Main outcomes included depression and anxiety symptoms as measured with the Patient Heath Questionnaire-9 and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 questionnaire.

Results. At baseline, 40.5% of the freshman reported elevated symptoms of anxiety and 31.4% reported elevated symptoms of depression. A significant negative correlation existed between cognitive beliefs about the ability to cope with stress/negative emotions and depression as well as anxiety.

Conclusion. Findings support cognitive theory as a framework for preventive interventions with college students. Cognitive-behavioral skills building interventions delivered routinely to college freshmen as a preventive intervention may lessen depressive and anxiety symptoms.

Keywords:
College Freshmen; COPE; Randomized controlled trial
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe COPE On-line Program for the Prevention of Depression and Anxiety in College Freshmen: Methods and Baseline Correlatesen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMelnyk, Bernadette Mazureken_GB
dc.contributor.authorBowersox, Kristenen_GB
dc.contributor.authorAmaya, Megan Een_GB
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Tiffanyen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSzalacha, Lauraen_GB
dc.contributor.authorHoying, Jacquelineen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentBeta Upsilonen_GB
dc.author.detailsBernadette Mazurek Melnyk, PhD, RN, CPNP/PMHNP, FNAP, FAAN, Melnyk.15@osu.edu; Kristen Bowersox, BS, RN; Megan E Amaya, PhD; Tiffany Taylor, RN, CPNP; Laura Szalacha, EdD; Jacqueline Hoying, MS, RN, NEA-BCen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/308216-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Tuesday, November 19, 2013</p>Purpose: The increasing prevalence of depression and anxiety disorders in college students calls for theory-based intervention programs that can be easily integrated into required course work. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to describe the methods and baseline findings of a randomized controlled pilot trial with college students enrolled in a one credit required freshmen survey course in which an on-line cognitive-behavioral skills building program was integrated. Baseline data and correlates among the study variables will be described. <p>Methods: A randomized controlled pilot trial was conducted with 121 freshmen college students enrolled in a required one credit survey course their first semester of college. The COPE program is a self-paced, on-line 7-session cognitive behavioral skills building intervention, which was integrated into a one credit required freshen survey course. The attention control program was the required freshmen survey course without COPE. Main outcomes included depression and anxiety symptoms as measured with the Patient Heath Questionnaire-9 and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 questionnaire. <p>Results. At baseline, 40.5% of the freshman reported elevated symptoms of anxiety and 31.4% reported elevated symptoms of depression. A significant negative correlation existed between cognitive beliefs about the ability to cope with stress/negative emotions and depression as well as anxiety. <p>Conclusion. Findings support cognitive theory as a framework for preventive interventions with college students. Cognitive-behavioral skills building interventions delivered routinely to college freshmen as a preventive intervention may lessen depressive and anxiety symptoms.en_GB
dc.subjectCollege Freshmenen_GB
dc.subjectCOPEen_GB
dc.subjectRandomized controlled trialen_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:28:24Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:28:24Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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